Augustus Meineke

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Johann Albrecht Friedrich August Meineke (December 8, 1790 – December 12, 1870), German
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 classical scholar, was born at Soest in Westphalia
Westphalia
Westphalia is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Arnsberg, Bielefeld, Dortmund, Minden and Münster.Westphalia is roughly the region between the rivers Rhine and Weser, located north and south of the Ruhr River. No exact definition of borders can be given, because the name "Westphalia"...

.

After holding educational posts at Jenkau and Danzig (now Gdańsk
Gdansk
Gdańsk is a Polish city on the Baltic coast, at the centre of the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area.The city lies on the southern edge of Gdańsk Bay , in a conurbation with the city of Gdynia, spa town of Sopot, and suburban communities, which together form a metropolitan area called the...

, Poland
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

), he was director of the Joachimsthal Gymnasium in Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

 from 1826 to 1856. He died at Berlin on 12 December 1870. He was distinguished in conjectural criticism, the comic writers and Alexandrine poets being his favourite authors.

His most important works are:
  • Fragmenta comicorum graecorum (1839-1857, the first volume of which contains an essay on the development of Greek comedy and an account of its chief representatives)
  • Aristophanes
    Aristophanes
    Aristophanes , son of Philippus, of the deme Cydathenaus, was a comic playwright of ancient Athens. Eleven of his forty plays survive virtually complete...

    (1860)
  • Analecta alexandrina (1843, containing the fragments of Rhianus
    Rhianus
    Rhianus was a Greek poet and grammarian, a native of Crete, friend and contemporary of Eratosthenes . The Suidas says he was at first a slave and overseer of a palaestra, but obtained a good education later in life and devoted himself to grammatical studies, probably in Alexandria...

    , Euphorion
    Euphorion of Chalcis
    Euphorion, Greek poet and grammarian, born at Chalcis in Euboea about 275 BC.Euphorion spent much of his life in Athens, where he amassed great wealth. After studying philosophy with Lacydes and Prytanis, he became the student and eromenos of the poet Archeboulus. About 221 he was invited by...

    , Alexander of Aetolia
    Alexander of Aetolia
    For other uses, see Alexander and Alexander Aetolus the poetAlexander of Aetolia, in conjunction with Dorymachus, put himself in possession of the town of Aegeira in Achaea during the Social war, in 220 BC. But the conduct of Alexander and his associates was so insolent and rapacious, that the...

    , and Parthenius
    Parthenius of Nicaea
    Parthenius of Nicaea or Myrlea in Bithynia was a Greek grammarian and poet. According to the Suda, he was the son of Heraclides and Eudora, or according to Hermippus of Berytus, his mother's name was Tetha. He was taken prisoner by Cinna in the Mithridatic Wars and carried to Rome in 72 BC. He...

    )
  • Callimachus
    Callimachus
    Callimachus was a native of the Greek colony of Cyrene, Libya. He was a noted poet, critic and scholar at the Library of Alexandria and enjoyed the patronage of the Egyptian–Greek Pharaohs Ptolemy II Philadelphus and Ptolemy III Euergetes...

    (1861)
  • Theocritus
    Theocritus
    Theocritus , the creator of ancient Greek bucolic poetry, flourished in the 3rd century BC.-Life:Little is known of Theocritus beyond what can be inferred from his writings. We must, however, handle these with some caution, since some of the poems commonly attributed to him have little claim to...

    , Bion, Moschus
    (3rd ed,, 1856)
  • Alciphron
    Alciphron
    Alciphron was an ancient Greek sophist, and the most eminent among the Greek epistolographers. Regarding his life or the age in which he lived we possess no direct information whatsoever.-Works:...

    (1853)
  • Strabo
    Strabo
    Strabo, also written Strabon was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher.-Life:Strabo was born to an affluent family from Amaseia in Pontus , a city which he said was situated the approximate equivalent of 75 km from the Black Sea...

    (2nd ed.,1866) and Vindiciae strabonianae (1852)
  • Stobaeus
    Stobaeus
    Joannes Stobaeus , from Stobi in Macedonia, was the compiler of a valuable series of extracts from Greek authors. The work was originally divided into two volumes containing two books each...

    (1855-1863)
  • Sophoclis Oedipus Coloneus cum scholiis graecis. Accedunt Analecta Sophoclea (1863)
  • Athenaeus
    Athenaeus
    Athenaeus , of Naucratis in Egypt, Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourished about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD...

    (1858-1867).


See monographs by F. Ranke (1871), H. Sauppe
Hermann Sauppe
Hermann Sauppe was a German classical philologist and epigraphist born in Wesenstein, near Dresden....

 (1872) and E. Förstemann in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie is one of the most important and most comprehensive biographical reference works in the German language....

, XXI. (1885) also Sandys
John Edwin Sandys
Sir John Edwin Sandys FBA , was a classical scholar.He was born at Leicester on 19 May 1844, a son of the Reverend Timothy Sandys of the Church Missionary Society and Rebecca . Living at first in India, he returned to England at the age of eleven, and was educated at the Church Missionary Society...

, Hist. Class. Schol. (1908), iii. 117.