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Antiqua maneria

Antiqua maneria

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The Antiqua maneria were the original 17 manors
Manorialism
Manorialism, an essential element of feudal society, was the organizing principle of rural economy that originated in the villa system of the Late Roman Empire, was widely practiced in medieval western and parts of central Europe, and was slowly replaced by the advent of a money-based market...

 belonging to the Earldom of Cornwall.

After March 1337 these manors passed to the new Duchy of Cornwall
Duchy of Cornwall
The Duchy of Cornwall is one of two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Lancaster. The eldest son of the reigning British monarch inherits the duchy and title of Duke of Cornwall at the time of his birth, or of his parent's succession to the throne. If the monarch has no son, the...

 which was created by King Edward III
Edward III of England
Edward III was King of England from 1327 until his death and is noted for his military success. Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe...

  to give financial support to his son Edward, the Black Prince (1330 - 1376).

The table below shows the 17 Antiqua maneria including the number and status of Customary tenants in the early fourteenth century: the manors vary greatly in size and importance. The parishes stated are the modern parishes rather than those in existence in the 14th century.

Table of customary tenants in the early fourteenth century


Conventionarii = Conventionary tenants; Villani = Villeins
Villein (feudal)
Villein was the term used in the feudal era to denote a peasant who was legally tied to the land he worked on. An alternative term is serf . A villein could not leave the land without the landowner's consent. Villeins thus occupied the social space between a free peasant and a slave...

; Nativi = Villeins; Liberi Conventionarii = Free tenant
Free tenant
Free Tenants, also known as Free Peasants, were peasants in Medieval England who occupied a unique place in the Medieval hierarchy. They were characterised by the low rents they paid to their Manorial Lord as well as being subject to fewer laws and ties than villeins.-Definition:One of the major...

s; Nativi Conventionarii = Conventionary tenants; Nativi de Stipite = Villeins by descent

Manor 1300 1327-32 1333-1340
Conventionarii Villani Conventionarii Nativi Liberi Conventionarii Nativi Conventionarii Nativi de Stipite
Calstock
Calstock
Calstock is civil parish and a large village in south east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, on the border with Devon. The village is situated on the River Tamar south west of Tavistock and north of Plymouth....

14 53 - - 29 49 8
Climsland
Stoke Climsland
Stoke Climsland is a village in the River Tamar Valley, Cornwall, United Kingdom within the civil parish of Stokeclimsland.The manor of Climsland was one of the 17 Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall.-Notable buildings:...

23 81 25 69 28 49 18
Helston in Kirrier
Helston
Helston is a town and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated at the northern end of the Lizard Peninsula approximately 12 miles east of Penzance and nine miles southwest of Falmouth. Helston is the most southerly town in the UK and is around further south than...

76 11 102 6 102 5 2
Helston in Trigg
Triggshire
The hundred of Trigg was one of ten ancient administrative shires of Cornwall--see "Hundreds of Cornwall".Trigg is mentioned by name during the 7th century, as "Pagus Tricurius", "land of three war hosts". It was to the north of Cornwall, and included Bodmin Moor, Bodmin and the district to the...

 (Helstone in Lanteglos); and Penmayne
33 78 - - 37 72 11
Liskeard
Liskeard
Liskeard is an ancient stannary and market town and civil parish in south east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.Liskeard is situated approximately 20 miles west of Plymouth, west of the River Tamar and the border with Devon, and 12 miles east of Bodmin...

41 26 46 36 49 34 4
Moresk
St Clement, Cornwall
St Clement is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is situated southeast of Truro in the valley of the Tresillian River. There is a smaller village at Malpas in the south of the parish...

 in St Clement parish
20 19 - - 24 20 2
Penkneth in Lanlivery
Lanlivery
Lanlivery is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village is located approximately 1½ miles west of Lostwithiel and five miles south of Bodmin....

 parish
9 6 - - 7 3 7
Penlyne in Lostwithiel
Lostwithiel
Lostwithiel is a civil parish and small town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom at the head of the estuary of the River Fowey. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 2,739...

 parish
22 2 - - 20 1 1
Penmayne in St Minver
St Minver
St Minver is the name of an ecclesiastical parish, a civil parish and a village in north Cornwall, United Kingdom.The civil parish of St Minver is in Bodmin Registration District and is nominally divided into St Minver Highlands and St Minver Lowlands .The combined parish is bounded on the south...

 parish

see
Helston in Trigg - - - - ->-
Restormel
Restormel Castle
Restormel Castle is situated on the River Fowey near Lostwithiel, Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is one of the four chief Norman castles of Cornwall, the others being Launceston, Tintagel and Trematon. The castle is notable for its perfectly circular design...

 in Lostwithiel parish
2 12 - 15 - 8 8
Rillaton in Linkinhorne
Linkinhorne
Linkinhorne is a civil parish and village in southeast Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village itself is situated at and is approximately four miles northwest of Callington and seven miles south of Launceston.-History and geography:As well as Linkinhorne itself, other settlements in the parish...

 parish
7 6 - - 3 10 5
Talskiddy
Talskiddy
Talskiddy is a small village about two miles north of St Columb Major in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. Originally a manorial settlement belonging to the Earldom of Cornwall, the village prospered in the 19th Century as a centre of the wool-combing industry...

 in St Columb Major
St Columb Major
St Columb Major is a civil parish and town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. Often referred to locally as St Columb, it is situated approximately seven miles southwest of Wadebridge and six miles east of Newquay...

 parish
2 1 4 3 3 3 0
Tewington in Treverbyn
Treverbyn
Treverbyn is a civil parish and village in mid-Cornwall, United Kingdom.The church of St Peter is modern as the medieval chapel was closed at the time of the Reformation. The parish was formed from part of St Austell parish in 1847...

 parish
43 11 52 12 52 6 5
Tintagel
Tintagel
Tintagel is a civil parish and village situated on the Atlantic coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom. The population of the parish is 1,820 people, and the area of the parish is ....

14 28 25 30 26 30 -
Trematon
Trematon Castle
Trematon Castle is situated near Saltash in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is similar in style to the later Restormel Castle, with a 12th century keep. Trematon Castle overlooks Plymouth Sound and was built probably by Robert, Count of Mortain on the ruins of an earlier Roman fort: it is a...

 in St Stephens by Saltash parish
29 21 38 25 37 16 6
Tybesta, in Creed
Creed, Cornwall
Creed is a village in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is situated roughly midway between Truro and St Austell approximately two miles east of Probus....

 parish
28 21 37 16 36 14 4
Tywarnhaile in St Agnes
St Agnes, Cornwall
St Agnes is a civil parish and a large village on the north coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village is situated approximately five miles north of Redruth and ten miles southwest of Newquay....

parish
12 15 - - 11 15 2