Anti-globalization

Anti-globalization

Overview
Criticism of globalization is skepticism of the claimed benefits of the globalization
Globalization
Globalization refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture, people and economic activity. Most often, it refers to economics: the global distribution of the production of goods and services, through reduction of barriers to international trade such as tariffs, export fees, and import...

 of capitalism
Capitalism
Capitalism is an economic system that became dominant in the Western world following the demise of feudalism. There is no consensus on the precise definition nor on how the term should be used as a historical category...

. Many of these views are held by the anti-globalization movement
Anti-globalization movement
The anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is critical of the globalization of corporate capitalism. The movement is also commonly referred to as the global justice movement, alter-globalization movement, anti-globalist movement, anti-corporate globalization movement, or...

 however other groups also are critical of the policies of globalization.

Claus Leggewie has divided the critics into six groups: leftists, radical leftists, the academic left, reformers from the business world, critics with a religious base and right-winged opponents.

Although there has been a big decrease in the percentage of people in developing countries living below $1 per day in East Asia, some regions – notably sub-saharan Africa – has only seen a slight decrease in poverty rates.
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Encyclopedia
Criticism of globalization is skepticism of the claimed benefits of the globalization
Globalization
Globalization refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture, people and economic activity. Most often, it refers to economics: the global distribution of the production of goods and services, through reduction of barriers to international trade such as tariffs, export fees, and import...

 of capitalism
Capitalism
Capitalism is an economic system that became dominant in the Western world following the demise of feudalism. There is no consensus on the precise definition nor on how the term should be used as a historical category...

. Many of these views are held by the anti-globalization movement
Anti-globalization movement
The anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is critical of the globalization of corporate capitalism. The movement is also commonly referred to as the global justice movement, alter-globalization movement, anti-globalist movement, anti-corporate globalization movement, or...

 however other groups also are critical of the policies of globalization.

Claus Leggewie has divided the critics into six groups: leftists, radical leftists, the academic left, reformers from the business world, critics with a religious base and right-winged opponents.

Poverty


Although there has been a big decrease in the percentage of people in developing countries living below $1 per day in East Asia, some regions – notably sub-saharan Africa – has only seen a slight decrease in poverty rates. Kofi Annan
Kofi Annan
Kofi Atta Annan is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the UN from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2006...

 responded to this criticism: "But let me hasten to add that, at present, only a relatively small number of countries are enjoying these gains. Many millions of people are excluded, left behind in squalor not because they have been exposed to too much globalization but because they have had too little or none at all."

Income disparity


Increases in income disparity
Income disparity
The gender pay gap is the difference between male and female earnings expressed as a percentage of male earnings, according to the OECD. The European Commission defines it as the average difference between men’s and women’s hourly earnings...

 has occurred over the last 20 years. In the USA the income of the top 50% has risen to a much greater extent than the income of the bottom 50% of American citizens which has risen only slightly over the last forty years.

Water


Globalization has not brought about beneficial effects for the world's poorest countries. In these countries availability of clean water has decreased between 1990 and 2000 in both urban and rural setting.

Infectious diseases


Infectious disease
Infectious disease
Infectious diseases, also known as communicable diseases, contagious diseases or transmissible diseases comprise clinically evident illness resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism...

s such as SARS and Ebola
Ebola
Ebola virus disease is the name for the human disease which may be caused by any of the four known ebolaviruses. These four viruses are: Bundibugyo virus , Ebola virus , Sudan virus , and Taï Forest virus...

 have traveled throughout the world due to increased world trade and tourism.

Invasive organisms


The spread of invasive organisms
Invasive species
"Invasive species", or invasive exotics, is a nomenclature term and categorization phrase used for flora and fauna, and for specific restoration-preservation processes in native habitats, with several definitions....

 has been accelerated by globalization.

Loss of languages


Languages are going extinct
Language death
In linguistics, language death is a process that affects speech communities where the level of linguistic competence that speakers possess of a given language variety is decreased, eventually resulting in no native and/or fluent speakers of the variety...

at a rapid rate and this is predicted to continue and attributed to globalization.