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'''Anthemusias''' ([[Greek language|Greek]]: Ανθεμουσιάς) or '''Charax Sidae''' was an ancient [[Mesopotamian]] town, according to [[Pliny the Elder|Pliny]] (I. V, c. 24) and [[Strabo]] (I. XVI, p. 747). [[Isidore of Charax]] says that it was 8 [[schoenus|schoeni]] from [[Apamea]] near the [[Euphrates]] on the road to [[Seleucia]].
:"[[Tiridates III of Parthia|Tiridates]] meanwhile, with the consent of the [[Parthians]], received the submission of [[Nicephorium]], Anthemusias and the other cities, which having been founded by [[Macedonians (ethnic group)|Macedonians]], claim Greek names, also of the [[Parthia]]n towns [[Halus]] and [[Artemita]]. There was a rivalry of joy among the inhabitants who detested [[Artabanus II of Parthia|Artabanus]], bred as he had been among the [[Scythians]], for his cruelty, and hoped to find in [[Tiridates]] a kindly spirit from his Roman training." [[Tacitus]], ''Annals'', Bk. VI, 41.
This conquest by Tiridates III in 35 CE over Artabanus II was short-lived as Artabanus soon returned from [[Hyrcania]] with an army of [[Dahae]] [[Scythians]]. However, he was forced to accept a treaty with the [[Lucius Vitellius]], the Roman governor of Syria, in 37 CE, in which he gave up all power.
* [http://www.romansonline.com/Src_Frame.asp?DocID=Ann_BK06_41 Tacitus, ''Annals'', Bk. VI, 21]
* [http://www.cosmovisions.com/monuAnthemusias.htm A brief French reference]