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Anqing is a prefecture-level city
Prefecture-level city
A prefectural level city , prefectural city or prefectural level municipality is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative...

 in southwestern Anhui
Anhui
Anhui is a province in the People's Republic of China. Located in eastern China across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, it borders Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a tiny...

 province, East China
East China
East China is a geographical and a loosely-defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.Although an intangible and loosely defined concept, for administrative and governmental purposes, the region is defined by the government of the People's Republic of China to include...

. It borders Lu'an
Lu'an
Lu'an , is a prefecture-level city in western Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, with a population of 5,612,590 inhabitants at 2010 census. Its built up area is home to 1,482,729 inhabitants spread out on 2 urban districts...

 to the north, Chaohu to the northeast, Tongling
Tongling
Tongling is a prefecture-level city in southern Anhui province, People's Republic of China. A river port along the Yangtze River, Tongling borders Chaohu to the north, Wuhu to the east, Chizhou to the southwest and Anqing to the west....

 to the east, Chizhou
Chizhou
Chizhou is a prefecture-level city in Anhui province, People's Republic of China. It borders Anqing to the northwest, Tongling and Wuhu to the northeast, Xuancheng to the east, Huangshan to the southeast, and the province of Jiangxi to the southwest....

 to the southeast, and the provinces of Jiangxi
Jiangxi
' is a southern province in the People's Republic of China. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to...

 and Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

 to the south and west respectively.

Administration


The prefecture-level city
Prefecture-level city
A prefectural level city , prefectural city or prefectural level municipality is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative...

 of Anqing administers 11 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city
County-level city
A county-level city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. County-level cities are usually governed by prefecture-level divisions, but a few are governed directly by province-level divisions....

 and 7 counties. The people of Anqing have a unique dialect that is quite different to the rest of Anhui Province.
English Name Chinese Name (Simplified / Traditional) Pinyin Population Post Code
Yingjiang District
Yingjiang District
Yingjiang District is a district in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 244,000 and an area of .-Administrative divisions:...

迎江区 / 迎江區 Yíngjiāng Qū 251,000 246000
Daguan District 大观区 / 大觀區 Dàguān Qū 275,000 246000
Yixiu District
Yixiu District
Yixiu District is a district in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 216,000 and an area of square kilometers.-Administrative divisions:...

宜秀区 / 宜秀區 Yíxiù Qū 254,000 246000
Tongcheng
Tongcheng, Anhui
Tongcheng City is a county-level city in Anhui under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. Its population is 744,000 and its area is 1571 square kilometers...

 City
桐城市
Tóngchéng Shì 664,000 231400
Huaining County
Huaining County
Huaining County is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 790,000 and an area of . The government of Huaining County was originally based in Shipai Town and moved to its current location in Gaohe Town on Jan...

怀宁县 / 懷寧縣 Huáiníng Xiàn 593,000 246100
Zongyang County
Zongyang County
Zongyang County , is a county in southern Anhui province, East China, under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 960,000 and an area of . The government of Zongyang County is located in Zongyang Town .-Administrative divisions:...

枞阳县 / 樅陽縣 Zōngyáng Xiàn 839,000 246700
Taihu County
Taihu County
Taihu County is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 560,000 and an area of . The seat of government is located in Jingxi Town....

太湖县 / 太湖縣 Tàihú Xiàn 515,000 246400
Qianshan County
Qianshan County
Qianshan County is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 570,000 and an area of . The government of Qianshan County is located in Meicheng Town...

潜山县 / 潛山縣 Qiánshān Xiàn 500,000 246300
Susong County
Susong County
Susong County is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has population of 800,000 and an area of . The government of Susong County is located in Fulyu Town.-Administrative divisions:...

宿松县 / 宿松縣 Sùsōng Xiàn 571,000 246500
Wangjiang County
Wangjiang County
Wangjiang County is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has population of 600,000 and an area of . The government of Wangjiang County is located in Leiyang Town.-Administrative divisions:...

望江县 / 望江縣 Wàngjiāng Xiàn 527,000 246200
Yuexi County 岳西县 / 岳西縣 Yuèxī Xiàn 322,000 246600

Geography


Anqing is located in the southwestern part of Anhui province, and on the northern shore of the lower Yangtze. To the north are the Dabie Mountains (大别山). Neighbouring prefectures are:
  • Tongling (E)
  • Chizhou (SE)
  • Jiujiang
    Jiujiang
    Jiujiang , formerly transliterated Kiukiang, is a prefecture-level city located on the southern shores of the Yangtze River in northwest Jiangxi Province, China. It is the second-largest prefecture-level city in Jiangxi province, the largest one being Nanchang...

    , Jiangxi (S)
  • Huanggang, Hubei
    Huanggang, Hubei
    Huanggang City is a major municipality in eastern Hubei Province, China. It is situated to the north of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and is bounded in the north by the Dabie Shan mountain range....

     (W)
  • Lu'an (N)
  • Chaohu (NE)


The total area of the prefecture is 16300 square kilometres (6,293.5 sq mi), with an urban area of 550 square kilometres (212.4 sq mi), which is only 3.4% of the total.

Climate


Anqing has a four-season, monsoon
Monsoon
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea...

-influenced humid subtropical climate
Humid subtropical climate
A humid subtropical climate is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters...

 (Koppen
Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Crimea German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen himself, notably in 1918 and 1936...

 Cfa), with chilly, damp winters and very hot, humid summers. Monthly mean temperatures range from 4 to 28.7 °C (39.2 to 83.7 °F) in January and July respectively; cold, dry winds from Siberia can cause lows during winter to sometimes drop below freezing, though conditions are normally damp and gloomy. Precipitation is greatest in spring and the former half of summer, unlike many areas to the north.

Transport

  • Anqing Airport
    Anqing Airport
    Anqing Tianzhushan Airport is a dual-use military and civil airport serving the city of Anqing in Anhui Province, China. It is located north of the city. In 1991 the national government approved the conversion of the military Anqing Air Base to a dual-use airport. With an investment of 28...

  • Hefei-Jiujiang Railway
  • China National Highway 206
    China National Highway 206
    China National Highway 206 runs from Yantai, Shandong Province to Shantou, Guangdong Province. It is 2,375 kilometres in length and runs south from Yantai, going via Shangdong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi Province, and ends in Guangdong Province....

  • China National Highway 318
    China National Highway 318
    China National Highway 318 runs from Shanghai to Zhangmu on the China-Nepal border. It is 5,476 kilometres in length and runs west from Shanghai towards Zhejiang, Anhui, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan, and ends in Tibet. One notable section of this road is the Si Du River Bridge, the bridge with the...


History


The city was founded during the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
The Han Dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin Dynasty and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms . It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han. It was briefly interrupted by the Xin Dynasty of the former regent Wang Mang...

 in the second century BC. In the Middle Ages it received the name of Anqing. From 1853 to 1861 it was held by the rebels of the Taiping rebellion
Taiping Rebellion
The Taiping Rebellion was a widespread civil war in southern China from 1850 to 1864, led by heterodox Christian convert Hong Xiuquan, who, having received visions, maintained that he was the younger brother of Jesus Christ, against the ruling Manchu-led Qing Dynasty...

. Several years later Anqing became a centre of the weapons industry.

Economy


Anqing is important for the industries of petrochemical, textile, automobile fittings, food and tea.

Tourism


The Zhenfeng Pagoda
Zhenfeng Pagoda
The Zhenfeng Pagoda in Anqing City, Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, is a pagoda originally built in 1570 during the Ming Dynasty. Due to its location near a bend in the Yangtze River, the pagoda was formerly used as a lighthouse, and contains niches for lanterns.After construction, the...

, built in 1570 during the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
The Ming Dynasty, also Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty. The Ming, "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic...

, is located in Anqing on the banks of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
The Yangtze, Yangzi or Cháng Jiāng is the longest river in Asia, and the third-longest in the world. It flows for from the glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau in Qinghai eastward across southwest, central and eastern China before emptying into the East China Sea at Shanghai. It is also one of the...

.

Twin towns — Sister cities


Anqing is twinned with:
Calabasas
Calabasas, California
Calabasas is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California in the western United States. It is located in the hills in the southwestern San Fernando Valley and the Santa Monica Mountains between Woodland Hills, Agoura Hills, West Hills, and Malibu, California. As of the 2010 census, the city...

, California
California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 Ibaraki
Ibaraki, Osaka
is a city located in Osaka, Japan. It is a suburban city of Osaka city and a part of Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Literally Ibaraki in English means Wild Trees or Thorny trees....

, Osaka
Osaka
is a city in the Kansai region of Japan's main island of Honshu, a designated city under the Local Autonomy Law, the capital city of Osaka Prefecture and also the biggest part of Keihanshin area, which is represented by three major cities of Japan, Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe...

, Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

 Kütahya
Kütahya
Kütahya is a city in western Turkey with 212,444 inhabitants , lying on the Porsuk river, at 969 metres above sea level. It is the capital of Kütahya Province, inhabited by some 517 804 people...

, Turkey
Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...


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