Anonymus is the Latin spelling of anonymous
Anonymity is derived from the Greek word ἀνωνυμία, anonymia, meaning "without a name" or "namelessness". In colloquial use, anonymity typically refers to the state of an individual's personal identity, or personally identifiable information, being publicly unknown.There are many reasons why a...

. This Latin spelling, however, is traditionally used by scholars in the humanities
The humanities are academic disciplines that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences....

 to refer to any ancient writer whose name is not known, or to a manuscript of their work. Such writers have left valuable historical or literary records through the ages.

Anonymus may refer to:


  • Two separate writers both known as Anonymus Valesianus
    Anonymus Valesianus
    Anonym[o]us Valesianus is the conventional title of a compilation of two fragmentary vulgar Latin chronicles, named for its 17th-century editor, Henri Valois, or Henricus Valesius , who published the text for the first time in 1636, together with his first printed edition of the Res Gestae of...

     or Anonymus Valesii, authors of two texts, late fifth century and ca. 527 of a vita of Constantine and a fragmentary chronicle, the Excerpta Valesiana
  • The Anonymus of Ravenna (Anonymus Ravennatis), author of the Ravenna Cosmography
    Ravenna Cosmography
    The Ravenna Cosmography was compiled by an anonymous cleric in Ravenna around AD 700. It consists of a list of place-names covering the world from India to Ireland. Textual evidence indicates that the author frequently used maps as his source....

    a Late Antique geographical work
  • The Anonymus Einsiedlensis, the author of the Einsiedeln Itinerary
  • The Anonymus
    Anonymus (chronicler)
    Bele Regis Notarius , most often referred to as Anonymus was the notary and chronicler of a Hungarian King, probably Béla III. Little is known about him, but his latinized name began with P, as he referred to himself as "P...

     of the Gesta Hungarorum
    Gesta Hungarorum
    Gesta Hungarorum is a record of early Hungarian history by an unknown author who describes himself as Anonymi Bele Regis Notarii , but is generally cited as Anonymus...

    , the author of a medieval work on the history of Hungary
  • Gallus Anonymus
    Gallus Anonymus
    Gallus Anonymus is the name traditionally given to the anonymous author of Gesta principum Polonorum , composed in Latin about 1115....

     - early 12th century, the author of the first history of Poland
    Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

  • The Anonymus of Placentia (or Piacenza), who left an account of their visit to 6th‑century Jerusalem
  • The Anonymus of Turin (often referred to by the Italian Anonimo di Torino), writer of a catalogue of churches of Rome
    Churches of Rome
    There are more than 900 churches in Rome. Most, but not all, of these are Roman Catholic, with some notable Roman Catholic Marian churches.The first churches of Rome originated in places where Christians met. They were divided into three categories:...

  • The Anonymus Banduri, the author of the Πάτρια Κωνσταντινοπόλεως, a 10th‑century topography of Constantinople
    Constantinople was the capital of the Roman, Eastern Roman, Byzantine, Latin, and Ottoman Empires. Throughout most of the Middle Ages, Constantinople was Europe's largest and wealthiest city.-Names:...

  • The Anonymus de Rebus Bellicis
    De Rebus Bellicis
    De rebus bellicis is a 4th or 5th century anonymous work about war machines used by the Roman army of the time. It was written after the death of Constantine I , and before the fall of the Western Roman Empire...

    author of a Late Antique work on warfare
  • The Anonymus Hispanus Chisianus (named after the library where the manuscript was found; sometimes referred to by the Italian Anonimo Spagnuolo), author of a medieval work on churches and relics in Rome
  • The Anonymus Ανταττικιστης (the Anti-Atticist Anonymus), an opponent of Phrynichus Arabius
    Phrynichus Arabius
    Phrynichus Arabius or Phrynichus of Bithynia was a Greek grammarian who flourished in 2nd century Bithynia, writing works on proper Attic usage...

    , valuable for the study of ancient Greek
    Ancient Greek
    Ancient Greek is the stage of the Greek language in the periods spanning the times c. 9th–6th centuries BC, , c. 5th–4th centuries BC , and the c. 3rd century BC – 6th century AD of ancient Greece and the ancient world; being predated in the 2nd millennium BC by Mycenaean Greek...

  • The Anonymus Mellicensis, of the 8th century, author of a work on ecclesiastical writers
  • The Anonymus Seguerianus, of the 3rd century, whose work is useful for the study of 1st century rhetoric
    Rhetoric is the art of discourse, an art that aims to improve the facility of speakers or writers who attempt to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. As a subject of formal study and a productive civic practice, rhetoric has played a central role in the Western...

  • The Anonymus Gestorum Francorum, author of the Gesta Francorum
    Gesta Francorum
    The so-called Gesta Francorum or in full De Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolimitanorum is a Latin chronicle of the First Crusade written in circa 1100-1101 by an anonymous author connected with Bohemund I of Antioch.It narrates the events of the First Crusade from the inception in November...

    , an account of the First Crusade
    First Crusade
    The First Crusade was a military expedition by Western Christianity to regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquest of the Levant, ultimately resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem...

  • The Anonymus of York (or The Norman Anonymous
    The Norman Anonymous
    The Norman Anonymous is the name given to the author of a collection of treatises, the Tractatus Eboracenses, dealing with the relationship between kings and the Catholic Church, written c. 1100...

    ), author of an 11th‑century religious/political tract on the right of kings
  • The Anonymus of Dubrovnik, author of 15th‑century Annals of that city
    Dubrovnik is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea coast, positioned at the terminal end of the Isthmus of Dubrovnik. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations on the Adriatic, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva county. Its total population is 42,641...

  • Anonymus I and Anonymus II, the authors of commentaries on the Phaenomena of Aratus
    Aratus was a Greek didactic poet. He is best known today for being quoted in the New Testament. His major extant work is his hexameter poem Phaenomena , the first half of which is a verse setting of a lost work of the same name by Eudoxus of Cnidus. It describes the constellations and other...

Manuscript copyists

  • Sometimes Anonymus refers not to an author, but to a manuscript copyist. Few manuscripts were signed, so the list might be extended almost indefinitely, but some manuscripts can be said to have transferred some of their importance to the copyist; in the manuscript tradition of Phaedrus, for example, it is common to refer to the Anonymus Nilanti, a 13th-century copyist named after the scholar who edited him in 1709.
  • An Anonymus de antiquitate Urbis, stated by Christian Hülsen to be a copyist of the Roma Instaurata of Flavio Biondo
    Flavio Biondo
    Flavio Biondo was an Italian Renaissance humanist historian. He was one of the first historians to used a three-period division of history and is known as one of the first archaeologists.Born in the capital city of Forlì, in the Romagna region, Flavio was well schooled from an early age,...

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.