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Anna of Austria (1275–1327)

Anna of Austria (1275–1327)

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Anna of Austria was a daughter of Albert I of Germany
Albert I of Germany
Albert I of Habsburg was King of the Romans and Duke of Austria, the eldest son of German King Rudolph I of Habsburg and his first wife Gertrude of Hohenburg.-Life:...

 and his wife Elisabeth of Tirol
Elisabeth of Tirol
Elisabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol from the House of Meinhardin was Queen of the Romans, Queen of Germany and Duchess of Austria by marriage...

. She was a member of the House of Habsburg.

Family


Anna was born in Vienna
Vienna
Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

 the eighth of twelve children. Her most notable siblings were Rudolph I of Bohemia
Rudolph I of Bohemia
Rudolf I of Habsburg was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1298 and King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland from 1306 until his death...

, Frederick the Fair, Leopold I, Duke of Austria
Leopold I, Duke of Austria
Leopold I from the House of Habsburg was Duke of Austria and Styria – as co-ruler with his elder brother Frederick the Fair – from 1308 until his death...

, Albert II, Duke of Austria
Albert II, Duke of Austria
Albert II of Austria , known as the Wise or the Lame, was Duke of Austria.-Life:Albert II was born at Habsburg, the son of Albert I of Germany, Rex Romanorum, and Elisabeth of Tirol...

, Otto, Duke of Austria
Otto, Duke of Austria
Otto IV, the Merry was a Duke of Austria and the youngest son of Albert I of Germany and Elisabeth of Tirol.Otto was born in Vienna. He had two brothers, namely Frederick the Handsome and Albert II...

 and Agnes, Queen of Hungary
Agnes of Austria (1281-1364)
Agnes of Austria was a daughter of Albert I of Germany and his wife Elisabeth of Tirol. She was Queen of Hungary by marriage. She was a member of the House of Habsburg.- Family :Agnes was one of twelve children...

.

Anna's maternal grandparents were Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia
Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia
Meinhard II from the House of Meinhardin was ruling Count of Gorizia from 1258 until 1271 and Count of Tyrol from 1258 until his death...

, and Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany
Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany
Elisabeth of Bavaria was the queen consort of Conrad IV of Germany.-Family:She was the eldest daughter of Otto II, Duke of Bavaria and Agnes of the Palatinate...

. Her paternal grandparents were Rudolph I of Germany
Rudolph I of Germany
Rudolph I was King of the Romans from 1273 until his death. He played a vital role in raising the Habsburg dynasty to a leading position among the Imperial feudal dynasties...

 and his first wife, Gertrude of Hohenburg
Gertrude of Hohenburg
Gertrude of Hohenzollern was the first Queen consort of Rudolph I of Germany.-Family:She was born to Burckhard III of Hohenzollern, Count of Hohenberg and his wife Mechtild of Tübingen....

. Her paternal aunts and uncles included Rudolf II, Duke of Austria
Rudolf II, Duke of Austria
Rudolph II of Austria , the younger son of King Rudolph of Habsburg and Gertrude of Hohenburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1282 until 1283, jointly with his elder brother Albert I, who succeeded him....

, Matilda, Duchess of Bavaria
Matilda of Habsburg
Matilda of Habsburg or Melchilde was the eldest daughter of Rudolph I of Germany and Gertrude of Hohenburg...

, Klementia, Queen of Hungary
Klementia of Habsburg
Clementia of Habsburg was a daughter of Rudolf I of Habsburg and Gertrude of Hohenberg. She was a member of the House of Habsburg.-Family:...

, and Judith, Queen of Bohemia
Judith of Habsburg
Judith of Habsburg was the youngest daughter of Rudolph I of Germany and his wife Gertrude of Hohenburg. Judith was a member of the Habsburg family.-Biography:When Judith was five, she became the object of her father's political plans...

.

First marriage


Anna first married in 1295 in Graz
Graz
The more recent population figures do not give the whole picture as only people with principal residence status are counted and people with secondary residence status are not. Most of the people with secondary residence status in Graz are students...

. Her husband was Herman, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel. They had four children:
  • Jutta of Brandenburg (1301–1353), heiress of Coburg
    Coburg
    Coburg is a town located on the Itz River in Bavaria, Germany. Its 2005 population was 42,015. Long one of the Thuringian states of the Wettin line, it joined with Bavaria by popular vote in 1920...

    , married to Count Henry VIII of Henneberg
  • John V, Margrave of Brandenburg (1302–1317), succeeded his father, but died young
  • Matilde of Brandenburg (died 1323) married Henry IV the Faithful
    Henry IV the Faithful
    Henry IV the Faithful was a Duke of Żagań and parts of Greater Poland from 1309 until 1317 , Duke of Głogów from 1318 until 1321 and sole ruler over Żagań from 1321 until his death.He was the oldest son of Henry III , Duke of Głogów, by...

  • Agnes of Brandenburg (1297–1334), heiress of the Altmark
    Altmark
    The Altmark is a historic region in Germany, comprising the northern third of Saxony-Anhalt. As the initial territory of the Brandenburg margraves, it is sometimes referred to as the "Cradle of Prussia", as by Otto von Bismarck, a native from Schönhausen near Stendal.- Geography :The Altmark is...

    , married with margrave Waldemar of Brandenburg (1281–1381) and in 1319 to Duke Otto of Brunswick-Göttingen (1290–1344).


In 1308, Herman died, and their son John succeeded him.

Second marriage


In 1310 Anna married Henry VI the Good
Henry VI the Good
Henry VI the Good was a Duke of Wrocław since 1296 ....

, Duke of Wrocław, son of Henry V the Fat and his wife Elisabeth of Greater Poland
Elisabeth of Greater Poland
Elisabeth of Kalisz was the eldest child of Boleslaw the Pious and his wife Jolenta of Poland. Her younger sister was Jadwiga of Greater Poland.- Marriage :...

. They had three daughters:
  • Elisabeth of Brieg (ca. 1311 – 20 February? 1328), married before 10 January 1322 to Duke Konrad I of Oleśnica
    Konrad I of Olesnica
    Konrad I of Oleśnica was a Duke of Żagań, Ścinawa, etc., during 1309–1312 , Duke of Oleśnica, Namysłów, Gniezno and Kalisz during 1312–1313 , Duke of Kalisz during 1313–1314 , Duke of Namysłów since 1313 and Duke of Oleśnica since 1321 until his death .He was the second son...

    .
  • Euphemia of Brieg (Ofka) (ca. 1312 – 21 March after 1384), married before 29 November 1325 to Duke Bolesław the Elder
    Bolesław the Elder
    Bolesław the Elder , was a Duke of Wieluń during 1313-1326, Duke of Niemodlin from 1313 and ruler over Prudnik since 1336 until his death.He was the eldest son of Duke Bolko I of Opole by his wife Agnes, probably daughter of Margrave Otto III of Brandenburg...

     of Niemodlin (Falkenberg)
    Niemodlin
    Niemodlin is a town in Opole County, Opole Voivodeship, Poland, with 6,911 inhabitants .It was first mentioned as Nemodlin in a 1224 deed and received town privileges in 1283. Originally a part of the Duchy of Opole, after the death of Duke Bolko I Niemodlin became the capital of a duchy in his...

    .
  • Margaret of Brieg (ca. 1313 – 8 March 1379), Abbess of St. Clara in Wrocław (1359).


Anna died in 1327 in Legnica
Legnica
Legnica is a town in south-western Poland, in Silesia, in the central part of Lower Silesia, on the plain of Legnica, riverside: Kaczawa and Czarna Woda. Between 1 June 1975 and 31 December 1998 Legnica was the capital of the Legnica Voivodeship. It is currently the seat of the county...

. She left her husband a widower, and she had failed to produce a son. When her husband died ten years later, Wrocław was merged with the Bohemian crown.
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Ancestry