Anglo-America

Anglo-America

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Anglo-America is a region in the Americas
Americas
The Americas, or America , are lands in the Western hemisphere, also known as the New World. In English, the plural form the Americas is often used to refer to the landmasses of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions, while the singular form America is primarily...

 in which English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 is a main language, or one which has significant British
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 historical, ethnic, linguistic, and cultural links. Anglo
Anglo
Anglo is a prefix indicating a relation to the Angles, England or the English people, as in the terms Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-American, Anglo-Celtic, Anglo-African and Anglo-Indian. It is often used alone, somewhat loosely, to refer to people of British Isles descent in The Americas, Australia and...

-America is distinct from Latin America
Latin America
Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

, a region of the Americas where Romance languages
Romance languages
The Romance languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family, more precisely of the Italic languages subfamily, comprising all the languages that descend from Vulgar Latin, the language of ancient Rome...

 (namely, Spanish
Spanish language
Spanish , also known as Castilian , is a Romance language in the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several languages and dialects in central-northern Iberia around the 9th century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile into central and southern Iberia during the...

, Portuguese
Portuguese language
Portuguese is a Romance language that arose in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia, nowadays Galicia and Northern Portugal. The southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia became independent as the County of Portugal in 1095...

, and variably French
French language
French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...

) are prevalent.

Geographic region


Anglo-America includes the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 (Hawaii
Hawaii
Hawaii is the newest of the 50 U.S. states , and is the only U.S. state made up entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of...

 excluded) and Canada
Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...

 in North America
North America
North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas...

, and the term is frequently used in reference to the two countries together. Despite having a French-speaking majority, Quebec
Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....

 is often considered part of Anglo-America due to cultural
Culture of Quebec
The Culture of Quebec emerged over the last few hundred years, resulting from the shared history of the French-speaking majority in Quebec. It is unique to the Western World; Quebec is the only region in North America with a French-speaking majority, as well as one of only two provinces in Canada...

, economic
Economy of Quebec
The economy of Quebec, is diversified and post-industrial with an average potential for growth. Manufacturing and the Service sectors dominate the economy. The economy of Quebec is among the largest in the world ranked the 44th largest just behind Norway. Quebec is also ranked the 21st largest in...

, geographical
Geography of Quebec
Quebec, Canada's largest province, occupies a vast territory , most of which is very sparsely populated. More than 90 percent of Quebec's area lies within the Canadian Shield, and includes the greater part of the Labrador Peninsula...

, historical
History of Quebec
Quebec has played a special role in Canadian history; it is the site where French settlers founded the colony of Canada in the 17th and 18th centuries.-Paleoindian Era :...

, and political
Politics of Quebec
The politics of Quebec are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces, namely a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The capital of the province is Quebec City, where the Lieutenant Governor, Premier, the legislature, and cabinet reside.The...

 considerations. Other areas composing the Anglophone Caribbean include territories of the British West Indies
British West Indies
The British West Indies was a term used to describe the islands in and around the Caribbean that were part of the British Empire The term was sometimes used to include British Honduras and British Guiana, even though these territories are not geographically part of the Caribbean...

, Belize
Belize
Belize is a constitutional monarchy and the northernmost country in Central America. Belize has a diverse society, comprising many cultures and languages. Even though Kriol and Spanish are spoken among the population, Belize is the only country in Central America where English is the official...

, Bermuda
Bermuda
Bermuda is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. Located off the east coast of the United States, its nearest landmass is Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, about to the west-northwest. It is about south of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, and northeast of Miami, Florida...

, and Guyana
Guyana
Guyana , officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, previously the colony of British Guiana, is a sovereign state on the northern coast of South America that is culturally part of the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana was a former colony of the Dutch and of the British...

.
Population sizes, in 2010
Country Population Land area Pop. density
 Anguilla 14,764 91 square kilometre 162.2 PD/sqkm
 Antigua and Barbuda 86,754 442.6 square kilometre 196 PD/sqkm
 The Bahamas 310,426 10010 square kilometre 31 PD/sqkm
 Barbados 285,653 430 square kilometre 664.3 PD/sqkm
 Belize 314,522 22806 square kilometre 13.9 PD/sqkm
 Bermuda 68,268 54 square kilometre 1264.2 PD/sqkm
 British Virgin Islands 24,939 151 square kilometre 165.2 PD/sqkm
 Canada 34,255,000 9984670 square kilometre 3.7 PD/sqkm
 Cayman Islands 50,209 264 square kilometre 198.2 PD/sqkm
 Dominica 72,813 751 square kilometre 97 PD/sqkm
 Falkland Islands 3,140 12173 square kilometre 0.3 PD/sqkm
 Grenada 107,818 344 square kilometre 313.4 PD/sqkm
 Guyana 748,486 196849 square kilometre 3.8 PD/sqkm
 Jamaica 2,847,232 10831 square kilometre 262.9 PD/sqkm
 Montserrat 5,118 102 square kilometre 50.2 PD/sqkm
 Puerto Rico 3,725,789 9104 square kilometre 430 PD/sqkm
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 49,898 261 square kilometre 191.2 PD/sqkm
 Saint Lucia 160,922 606 square kilometre 265.5 PD/sqkm
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 104,217 389 square kilometre 267.9 PD/sqkm
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,228,691 5128 square kilometre 239.6 PD/sqkm
 Turks and Caicos Islands 23,528 430 square kilometre 104 PD/sqkm
 United States 310,232,863 9161966 square kilometre 33.9 PD/sqkm
 United States Virgin Islands 109,775 346 square kilometre 317.3 PD/sqkm
Total 354,335,567 18527553.6 square kilometre 18.9 PD/sqkm

Anglo-American


The adjective Anglo-American is used in the following ways:
  • to denote the cultural sphere shared by the United Kingdom
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

    , the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    , and sometimes English Canada
    English Canada
    English Canada is a term used to describe one of the following:# English-speaking Canadians, as opposed to French-speaking Canadians. It is employed when comparing English- and French-language literature, media, or art...

    . For example, "Anglo-American culture is different from French culture." Political leaders including Winston Churchill
    Winston Churchill
    Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, was a predominantly Conservative British politician and statesman known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the century and served as Prime Minister twice...

    , Franklin Roosevelt, and Ronald Reagan
    Ronald Reagan
    Ronald Wilson Reagan was the 40th President of the United States , the 33rd Governor of California and, prior to that, a radio, film and television actor....

     have used the term to discuss the "special relationship
    Special relationship
    The Special Relationship is a phrase used to describe the exceptionally close political, diplomatic, cultural, economic, military and historical relations between the United Kingdom and the United States, following its use in a 1946 speech by British statesman Winston Churchill...

    " between the United States and the United Kingdom.
  • to describe relations between the United Kingdom
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     on one hand and the Americas, in particular the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    , on the other. For example, "Anglo-American relations
    Anglo-American relations
    British–American relations encompass many complex relations over the span of four centuries, beginning in 1607 with England's first permanent colony in North America called Jamestown, to the present day, between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of...

     were tense before the War of 1812
    War of 1812
    The War of 1812 was a military conflict fought between the forces of the United States of America and those of the British Empire. The Americans declared war in 1812 for several reasons, including trade restrictions because of Britain's ongoing war with France, impressment of American merchant...

    ."

Anglo-American ethnic group


As a noun, Anglo-American can refer to an English-speaking European American
European American
A European American is a citizen or resident of the United States who has origins in any of the original peoples of Europe...

 and/or an English Canadian
English Canadian
An English Canadian is a Canadian of English ancestry; it is used primarily in contrast with French Canadian. Canada is an officially bilingual state, with English and French official language communities. Immigrant cultural groups ostensibly integrate into one or both of these communities, but...

, sometimes shortened to Anglo
Anglo
Anglo is a prefix indicating a relation to the Angles, England or the English people, as in the terms Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-American, Anglo-Celtic, Anglo-African and Anglo-Indian. It is often used alone, somewhat loosely, to refer to people of British Isles descent in The Americas, Australia and...

. This usage originated in the discussion of the history of English-speaking people of the United States and the Spanish-speaking people residing in the western U.S. during the Mexican-American War. This usage generally ignores the distinctions between German American
German American
German Americans are citizens of the United States of German ancestry and comprise about 51 million people, or 17% of the U.S. population, the country's largest self-reported ancestral group...

s (the largest self-reported ancestry group
Maps of American ancestries
The ancestry of the people of the United States is widely varied and includes descendants of populations from around the world, some presumably extinct elsewhere...

 in the United States Census
United States Census
The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by the United States Constitution. The population is enumerated every 10 years and the results are used to allocate Congressional seats , electoral votes, and government program funding. The United States Census Bureau The United States Census...

), Irish American
Irish American
Irish Americans are citizens of the United States who can trace their ancestry to Ireland. A total of 36,278,332 Americans—estimated at 11.9% of the total population—reported Irish ancestry in the 2008 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau...

s, English American
English American
English Americans are citizens or residents of the United States whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England....

s, Italian American
Italian American
An Italian American , is an American of Italian ancestry. The designation may also refer to someone possessing Italian and American dual citizenship...

s, Swedish American
Swedish American
Swedish Americans are Americans of Swedish descent, especially the descendants of about 1.2 million immigrants from Sweden during 1885-1915. Most were Lutherans who affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America ; some were Methodists...

s, and other Europe
Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

an descent peoples, comprising the majority of English-speaking Europeans in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 and English Canada
English Canada
English Canada is a term used to describe one of the following:# English-speaking Canadians, as opposed to French-speaking Canadians. It is employed when comparing English- and French-language literature, media, or art...

. Anglo-Americans, like other English speakers, are traditionally Protestant with a large Roman Catholic minority. The term Anglo in reference to European English-speaking Americans is sometimes but rarely viewed as an insult much the same as the term Hispanic to the natives of the Americas.

In many spheres, Anglo has come to denote all English-speaking people and their descendants, regardless of prior ethnic background, much like Hispanic refers to people of any race. Therefore, a person of Chinese descent who adopts the U.S. or English Canadian American culture would have English-speaking Anglo children (in contrast to Spanish-speaking Chinese descent people who would be Hispanic). Anglo-American can refer to all those that came from countries that traditionally spoke English as a main language, as well as all those whose families have become mainstream English-speaking people in the United States and English Canada.
Ethnic distribution, in 2010
Country Population Amerindians Asia
Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

ns
Blacks Hispanic/
Latino
Multi-ethnic/
dougla
Dougla
Dougla, a word used by people of the West Indies, especially in Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. It is used to describe people who are a product of Afro-Trinidadian and Indo-Trinidadian descent...

/
mulatto
Mulatto
Mulatto denotes a person with one white parent and one black parent, or more broadly, a person of mixed black and white ancestry. Contemporary usage of the term varies greatly, and the broader sense of the term makes its application rather subjective, as not all people of mixed white and black...

Whites
Caucasian race
The term Caucasian race has been used to denote the general physical type of some or all of the populations of Europe, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia , Central Asia and South Asia...

Other
 Anguilla 14,764 90.1% 04.6% 03.7% 01.5%
 Antigua and Barbuda 86,754 91% 04.4% 01.7% 02.9%
 The Bahamas 310,426 85% 12% 03%
 Barbados 285,653 01% 93% 02.6% 03.2% 0.2%
 Belize 314,522 10.6% 24.9% 09.7%
 Bermuda 68,268 54.8% 06.4% 34.1% 04.7%
 British Virgin Islands 24,939 82% 06.8% 11.2%
 Canada 33,759,742 3.8% 10.8% 2.01% 0.3% 83.78% 0.6%
 Cayman Islands 50,209 20% 40% 20% 20%
 Dominica 72,813 02.9% 86.8% 08.9% 0.8% 0.7%
 Falkland Islands 3,140
 Grenada 107,818 82% 18%
 Guyana 748,486 09.1% 43.5% 30.2% 16.7% 0.5%
 Jamaica 2,847,232 91.2% 06.2% 02.6%
 Montserrat 5,118 N/A N/A N/A
 Puerto Rico 3,725,789 0.02% 02.4% 6.9% 76.2% 11.9% N/A 03.1%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 49,898 N/A N/A
 Saint Lucia 160,922 02.4% 82.5% 11.9% N/A 03.1%
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 104,217 02% 06% 66% 19% 04% 03%
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,228,691 40% 37.5% 20.5% 02%
 Turks and Caicos Islands 23,528 90% 10%
 United States 310,232,863 0.97% 04.43% 12.85% 15.1% 01.61% 79.96% 0.18%
 United States Virgin Islands 109,775 01.1% 76.2% 03.5% 13.1% 06.1%
Total

Immigration


People from all over the world have immigrated to Anglo-America to have a better quality of life, find better employment, and escape famine, poverty, and conflict. Many ethnic groups, such as East Europeans
Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of Europe. The term has widely disparate geopolitical, geographical, cultural and socioeconomic readings, which makes it highly context-dependent and even volatile, and there are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region"...

, East Asians, India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

ns, Africans, Latin Americans
Latin Americans
Latin Americans are the citizens of the Latin American countries and dependencies. Latin American countries are multi-ethnic, home to people of different ethnic and national backgrounds. As a result, some Latin Americans don't take their nationality as an ethnicity, but identify themselves with...

, and Middle Easterners all live in Anglo-America today.

Standard of living, in 2009
Country GDP (PPP
Purchasing power parity
In economics, purchasing power parity is a condition between countries where an amount of money has the same purchasing power in different countries. The prices of the goods between the countries would only reflect the exchange rates...

)
Billions USD
GDP Per Capita
USD
Gini
Gini coefficient
The Gini coefficient is a measure of statistical dispersion developed by the Italian statistician and sociologist Corrado Gini and published in his 1912 paper "Variability and Mutability" ....

HDI
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development" and separate "very high human development", "high human development", "medium human development", and "low human development" countries...

 rank
 Anguilla $0.2 billion 12,200
 Antigua and Barbuda $1.55 billion 18,100
 The Bahamas $9.09 billion 29,800
 Barbados $5.20 billion 18,500
 Belize $2.49 billion 08,100
 Bermuda $4.50 billion 69,900
 British Virgin Islands $0.9 billion 38,500
 Canada $1,300.0 billion 38,400 32.1
 Cayman Islands $2.25 billion 43,800
 Dominica $0.74 billion 10,200
 Falkland Islands $0.12 billion 35,400
 Grenada $1.16 billion 10,800
 Guyana $2.84 billion 03,800 43.2
 Jamaica $23.24 billion 08,200 45.5
 Montserrat $0.30 billion 03,400
 Puerto Rico $88.00 billion 17,100
 Saint Kitts and Nevis $0.75 billion 15,200
 Saint Lucia $1.75 billion 10,900
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $1.55 billion 18,100
 Trinidad and Tobago $28.41 billion 23,100
 Turks and Caicos Islands $0.22 billion 11,500
 United States $14,260.0 billion 46,400 45.0
 United States Virgin Islands $1.577 billion 14,500
Total

See also


  • Afro-Anglo American
    Afro-Anglo American
    An Afro-Anglo American is an Anglo American person of at least partial Black African ancestry; the term may also refer to historical or cultural elements in Anglo America thought to emanate from this community.-See also:...

  • Anglophone Caribbean
    Anglophone Caribbean
    The term Commonwealth Caribbean is used to refer to the independent English-speaking countries of the Caribbean region. Upon a country's full independence from the United Kingdom, Anglophone Caribbean or Commonwealth Caribbean traditionally becomes the preferred sub-regional term as a replacement...

  • British America
    British America
    For American people of British descent, see British American.British America is the anachronistic term used to refer to the territories under the control of the Crown or Parliament in present day North America , Central America, the Caribbean, and Guyana...

  • British North America
    British North America
    British North America is a historical term. It consisted of the colonies and territories of the British Empire in continental North America after the end of the American Revolutionary War and the recognition of American independence in 1783.At the start of the Revolutionary War in 1775 the British...



Anglosphere:
  • Anglosphere
    Anglosphere
    Anglosphere is a neologism which refers to those nations with English as the most common language. The term can be used more specifically to refer to those nations which share certain characteristics within their cultures based on a linguistic heritage, through being former British colonies...

  • English-speaking world
    English-speaking world
    The English-speaking world consists of those countries or regions that use the English language to one degree or another. For more information, please see:Lists:* List of countries by English-speaking population...

  • Anglo-African
    Anglo-African
    Anglo-Africans are primarily White African people of largely British descent who live or come from Sub-Saharan Africa and are Anglophone. A large majority live in South Africa...

  • Anglophone
    Anglophone
    Anglophone may refer to:*An English language-speaking person, group, or locality*English-speaking world* Anglosphere...



General:
  • Anglo
    Anglo
    Anglo is a prefix indicating a relation to the Angles, England or the English people, as in the terms Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-American, Anglo-Celtic, Anglo-African and Anglo-Indian. It is often used alone, somewhat loosely, to refer to people of British Isles descent in The Americas, Australia and...

  • Americas (terminology)
    Americas (terminology)
    The Americas, also known as America, are the lands of the western hemisphere, composed of numerous entities and regions variably defined by geography, politics, and culture....

  • Northern America
    Northern America
    Northern America is the northernmost region of the Americas, and is part of the North American continent. It lies directly north of the region of Middle America; the land border between the two regions coincides with the border between the United States and Mexico...



Languages:
  • French America
    French America
    French America is the French-speaking community of peoples and diaspora, notably those tracing back origins to New France, the early French colonization of the Americas...

  • Hispanic America
    Hispanic America
    Hispanic America or Spanish America is the region comprising the American countries inhabited by Spanish-speaking populations.These countries have significant commonalities with each other and with Spain, whose colonies they formerly were...

  • Latin America
    Latin America
    Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

  • Portuguese America


Lists: