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is a commune
The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are roughly equivalent to incorporated municipalities or villages in the United States or Gemeinden in Germany...
in the Charente
Charente is a department in southwestern France, in the Poitou-Charentes region, named after the Charente River, the most important river in the department, and also the river beside which the department's two largest towns, Angoulême and Cognac, are sited.-History:Charente is one of the original...
department in southwestern France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...
Alloue was part of the province of Limousin
Limousin is one of the traditional provinces of France around the city of Limoges. Limousin lies in the foothills of the western edge of the Massif Central, with cold weather in the winter...
, and they spoke the Occitan
form of Limousin.
According to an old text of 1547, the Priory of Alloue had twenty houses in the village and around 125 tenants in the parish and neighbouring parishes. With 1,720 inhabitants it has been the victim of a slow erosion that has accelerated during the twentieth century and has lost 70% of its population in two centuries.
Its inhabitants are called "Allouesiens" and "Allouesiennes".
Alloue, like many French villages, has a few historical and interesting buildings including:
The Priory: Dating back from the 15th/16th century. It is adjacent to the church of the village.
The church of the village: “Notre Dame”: The building date of the end of the twelfth century and early thirteenth century. It has been listed as a historical monument
A monument historique is a National Heritage Site of France. It also refers to a state procedure in France by which national heritage protection is extended to a building or a specific part of a building, a collection of buildings, or gardens, bridges, and other structures, because of their...
The main bridge: or "Pont Neuf" of Alloue to the west entrance date of 1741.
Few Chateaux: Most of them date back from the 16th and 17th centuries with some modifications done in the mid 19th century:
- The Chateau de Massignac.
- The Chateau Gueuche.
- The Chateau de l’Âge.
- The manoir de Beau-Chêne.
- The Chateau de La Vergne:
- The first lords of the manor known are the GUYOT. Marc Guyot du Repaire inherited the lordship of the Chateau de La Vergne in 1679. The Guyot du Repaire family owned the lordship and the estates and land of La Vergne till the mid 19th century. The castle was bought by the famous actress Maria Casares in the 1960’s. At her death in 1996, the estate was bequeathed to the local municipality. Since then the castle host now a cultural project and is a residence and place of exchange, training for writers, actors and theater directors. The library and the whole house were Registered monument on 12 December 2002.
The house opposite the church: Dating back from the sixteenth century, this large residence with an austere facade has a unique interior decorated by French wallpaper executed between 1834 and 1836 in the manufacture of Jean Zuber. These wallpapers present series like "North America" or "Helvétie".
- The Guyot du Repaire family or Guiot du Repaire with coat of arms of "three gold green parrots, beaked, and hung collared gules. A very old and noble family with first traces in 1249 with " Huon Guyot or ** Huon Guiot. He is the first to be named in Alloue than followed different branches: His descendants are the Asnieres, the La Motte Villognon de Fanet, de Lespars, de Montorcy and du Repaire. The latter family being the main lords of the land of Alloue and of the Castle of "La Vergne".
- Marc Guyot du Repaire: General of the armies of the Republic under the Revolution
The French Revolution , sometimes distinguished as the 'Great French Revolution' , was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France and Europe. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years...
, was born in Alloue in 1755 († Holy 1818).
- Louis Guyot or Guiot de Molans (1751 Alloue - 1793), condemned by the Revolutionary Tribunal on 7 April 1793 for having emigrated in March 1792. He is the first victim of the infamous Revolutionary Tribunal
The Revolutionary Tribunal was a court which was instituted in Paris by the Convention during the French Revolution for the trial of political offenders, and eventually became one of the most powerful engines of the Reign of Terror....
- Adrien Paul Mairat, journalist, general counsellor of Champagne-Mouton from 1894, then elected in 1906, he decided to built the train line of "Confolens
Confolens is a commune in southwestern France. It is one of the two sub-prefecture of the Charente department.Confolens is the administrative center of a largely rural district, which has seen the development of tourism in recent years.-Geography:...
-Main sights:In place of its ancient fortifications, Angoulême is encircled by boulevards above the old city walls, known as the Remparts, from which fine views may be obtained in all directions. Within the town the streets are often narrow. Apart from the cathedral and the hôtel de ville, the...
- María Casares
María Casares was a Spanish actress and one of the most distinguished stars of the French stage. She was usually credited in France as Maria Casarès.-Early life:...
A Coruña or La Coruña is a city and municipality of Galicia, Spain. It is the second-largest city in the autonomous community and seventeenth overall in the country...
, 21 November 1922 - Alloue, 22 November 1996) famous actress of Spanish origin. To thank France for being a haven during the Spanish Civil War
The Spanish Civil WarAlso known as The Crusade among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War among Carlists, and The Rebellion or Uprising among Republicans. was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939...
, she gave her estate of La Vergne (bought June 10, 1961) to the municipality.