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Allamah Rasheed Turabi

Allamah Rasheed Turabi

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'Allamah Rasheed Turabi' was an Islamic scholar, religious leader
Leader
A leader is one who influences or leads others.Leader may also refer to:- Newspapers :* Leading article, a piece of writing intended to promote an opinion, also called an editorial* The Leader , published 1909–1967...

, public speaker, poet
Poet
A poet is a person who writes poetry. A poet's work can be literal, meaning that his work is derived from a specific event, or metaphorical, meaning that his work can take on many meanings and forms. Poets have existed since antiquity, in nearly all languages, and have produced works that vary...

 and philosopher. He was born on 9th Jamadi-us-Sani 1326 / July 9, 1908 in Hyderabad, India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

.

He was the eldest son of Maulvi Sharaf Hussain Khan, a person from Hyderabad. He got his basic Islamic education from his father who taught him till the age of 5. He did matriculation from Hyderabad, intermediate-high school from Shia College Lucknow
Lucknow
Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh in India. Lucknow is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division....

, BA
Bachelor of Arts
A Bachelor of Arts , from the Latin artium baccalaureus, is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, the sciences, or both...

 from Osmania University (Hyderabad, India), and MA
Master of Arts (postgraduate)
A Master of Arts from the Latin Magister Artium, is a type of Master's degree awarded by universities in many countries. The M.A. is usually contrasted with the M.S. or M.Sc. degrees...

 in Philosophy
Philosophy
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational...

 from Allahbad University, India. He got his basic and advanced religious studies from Syed Abubakr ibn Shahab-e-Urezi (descendent of Imam Jafar Sadiq, Sadr-ul-Ulama Maulvi Syed Ghulam Hussain, Maulana Abbas Ali Sharif and Maulana Syed Sibte Hasan. He learned Urdu
Urdu
Urdu is a register of the Hindustani language that is identified with Muslims in South Asia. It belongs to the Indo-European family. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also widely spoken in some regions of India, where it is one of the 22 scheduled languages and an...

 and Persian literature
Persian literature
Persian literature spans two-and-a-half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. Its sources have been within historical Persia including present-day Iran as well as regions of Central Asia where the Persian language has historically been the national language...

 from Agha Mohsin Sheerazi, Ali Hyder Nazm Tabatabai, Allamah Zamin Kanturi, Agha Dai'yal Islam, and Agha Mohammed Kirmani. He learned Arabic language
Arabic language
Arabic is a name applied to the descendants of the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century AD, used most prominently in the Quran, the Islamic Holy Book...

 from Agha Tahir bin Mohammed, and Maulana Sadiq Hussain Majjan. His mentors in Urdu and Persian poetry were Agha Syed Hasan Isfahani, Allamah Zamin Kanturi, and Nawab Haider Yarjang Tabatabai. On the political side, he started his political career as a member of the working committee of Hyderabad Legislative Assembly and worked with Nawab Bahadur Yarjang. Later on, he was nominated by the founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah, as a member of the working committee of All India Muslim League, where he was involved in the organization of Muslim League and established its branches all over the South Asia
South Asia
South Asia, also known as Southern Asia, is the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan countries and, for some authorities , also includes the adjoining countries to the west and the east...

. Simultaneously he had a responsibility to supervise the publication of newspapers and magazines of almost 600 states in then undivided India. He remained a member of the Hyderabad Assembly till 1942 and was associated with All India Muslim League till the independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. After independence he migrated to Pakistan in 1949, left active politics, and devoted himself only to religious erudition.

Allamah Rasheed Turabi had an accomplishment of having Ijazah of Riwayah and Narration from almost all of his contemporary Mashayekh mainly from Iran
Iran
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

 and Iraq
Iraq
Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

, notably Ayatullah Sheikh Mohammed Mohsin al-Tehrani, Ayatullah Mohsin al-Hakim Tabatabai, Ayatullah Syed Hibbatuddin Shahristani, Ayatullah Syed Hadi al-Meelani, Ayatullah Syed Ibrahim al-Isfahani, Ayatullah Syed Shahabuddin Marashi Hussain Najafi, Aqaey AbulQasim Khoi, Allama Ayotullah Brojardi, and Ayatullah Syed Kazim Shariatmadari. He was knowledgeable and gifted in many areas of Islamic sciences such as Tafseer, Hadith, Usool, and Fiqh.

He was a literary authority on Arabic, Persian, and Urdu poetry. He memorized thousands and thousands of poetic lines, stanzas, verse paragraphs, and contos of different masters. A good evidence of his command can be seen in his speeches and writings. He delivered more than 5,000 religious lectures and speeches over the period of 57 years that he spent out of his 65 years of total life in the service of Ahlul Bayt.
Allamah Rasheed Turabi introduced many dimensions to the Art of Oratory. The most sought after Urdu public speaker of his times, he was indeed a persuasive and brilliant orator. He was the first person who delivered religious speeches for 10 days or more on selected topics. During his life, he got numerous recognition from great shi'ite scholars of Rijal, and was considered as "Wizard in Ilm-ul Rijal". Allamah did not publish his master work on Ilm-ul-Rijal which he had already named as "Wasl-e-Qawl". Allamah Rasheed Turabi was a poet. His book ‘Tib e Masoomeen’ is a composition embodying a choice of antidotes from the Masoomeen (the 14 infallibles as per the shia belief). His another composition is ‘The forests of Hyderabad’ that was published in two volumes. Rasheed Turabi also wrote a poem ‘Jawab e Shikwa’ as a sequel to Allam Iqbal’s ‘Shikwa’, which stirred Allamah Iqbal to write his own ‘Jawab e Shikwa’. His another work was the idiomatic translation of Ali’s famous letter of instructions addressed to the then Governor of Egypt, Malik Ashtar. This letter from Ali is a guiding light in just and fair governance and has been regarded by eminent Muslim scholars –like Ibn-i-Abil Hidaid (655 A.H), Ibn-iAbduh, and Allama Mustafa Bek Najib as a basic guide in Islamic administration.

In his majalis and speeches, people used to come from all over the country and the region to listen to him. Allamah Rasheed Turabi had received the title of Allamah (The Most Intellectual) from the living Shi'ite scholars of his time who acknowledged his wisdom and application methods.

In his 65-year of lifetime, he delivered more than 5,000 religious speeches, created poetic work of exquisite character, and wrote many books and articles. He had a library that contained thousands of books and hundreds of rare manuscripts.

His brother, Dr. Mazhar Ali Khan, was a professor of English and the Pro-Vice Chancellor of Peshawar University. Among Allamah Rasheed Turabi’s fourteen children, his legacy is being continued by his sons, Allamah Aqeel Turabi, who was an eminent scholar and his other son, Dr. Salman Turabi, who is a scholar. His son Naseer Turabi is an Urdu poet.

Allamah Rasheed Turabi died on 22 Ziqada 1393 / December 18, 1973.

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