Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq

Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq

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Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, better known simply as Ali al-Uraidhi, was the son of Ja'far al-Sadiq
Ja'far al-Sadiq
Jaʿfar ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq was a descendant of Muhammad and a prominent Muslim jurist. He is revered as an Imam by the adherents of Shi'a Islam and as a renowned Islamic scholar and personality by Sunni Muslims. The Shi'a Muslims consider him to be the sixth Imam or leader and spiritual...

 and the brother of Musa al-Kadhim
Musa al-Kadhim
' was the seventh of the Twelve Imams of Twelver Shi'a Islam. He was the son of Imam and his mother was Hamidah Khātūn, a student and former Zanjiyyah slave...

, Isma'il, Abdullah al-Aftah
Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq
Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq was the eldest surviving son of Ja'far al-Sadiq and the full-brother of Isma'il ibn Jafar...

, and Muhammad Al-Dibaj
Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj)
Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq , the younger full brother of Musa al-Kadhim, appeared in Mecca in the year 200 A.H. / 815 C.E. claiming that he was the Awaited Mahdi. He believed in a Zaydl Shia type of Imamate and declared himself as the Caliph of the Muslims and took the oath of allegiance from...

. He was known by the title al-Uraidhi, because he lived in an area called Uraidh, about 4 miles (or 6.4 km) from Medina
Medina
Medina , or ; also transliterated as Madinah, or madinat al-nabi "the city of the prophet") is a city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia, and serves as the capital of the Al Madinah Province. It is the second holiest city in Islam, and the burial place of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, and...

. He was also known by the nickname Abu Hasan (i.e. father of Hasan). He was a great Muslim scholar.

Life


Ali al-Uraidhi (Arabic: علي العريضي) was born and raised in Medina. He was the youngest son of Ja'far al-Sadiq, After his father died whilst he was still a child, he left Medina for the town of Al-Uraidh, where he settled and became the sheikh of all Banu Hashim
Banu Hashim
Banū Hāshim was a clan in the Quraysh tribe. Muhammad, was a member of this clan; his great-grandfather was Hashim, for whom the clan is named. Members of this clan are referred to by the Anglicised version of their name as Hashemites, or Huseini or Hasani...

 and the Naqib (prefect) of the descendants of Muhammad.

He was a diligent worshipper, generous and a great scholar.

He lived approximately 100 years, until the time of his brother Musa al-Kadhim’s great-grandson Ali al-Hadi
Ali al-Hadi
‘Alī al-Hādī , also known as ‘Alī an-Naqī was the tenth of the Twelve Imams. His full name is ‘Alī ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Alī. The exact date of his birth and death are unknown, but it is generally accepted that he was born between 827–830 CE and he died in 868 CE.- Early years :‘Alī al-Hādī was born...

 (828-868) and died in Al-Uraidh and was buried there.

Descendants


The children and descendants of Ali al-Uraidhi became known as al-Uraidhiyun. They inhabited many areas, including Al-Uraidh, Kufa
Kufa
Kufa is a city in Iraq, about south of Baghdad, and northeast of Najaf. It is located on the banks of the Euphrates River. The estimated population in 2003 was 110,000....

 and Qom
Qom
Qom is a city in Iran. It lies by road southwest of Tehran and is the capital of Qom Province. At the 2006 census, its population was 957,496, in 241,827 families. It is situated on the banks of the Qom River....

.
His sons were:
  • Hasan
    • Abdullah- whose descendants resided in Medina, Egypt, Iraq and other countries.
  • Ahmad ash-Sya'rani
  • Ja'far al-Ashgar
  • Muhammad al-Naqib- who was born in Medina. After his father died, he left for Basra
    Basra
    Basra is the capital of Basra Governorate, in southern Iraq near Kuwait and Iran. It had an estimated population of two million as of 2009...

    , where he became the Naqib (prefect) of the Ahl al-Bayt
    Ahl al-Bayt
    Ahl al-Bayt is an Arabic phrase literally meaning People of the House, or family of the House. The phrase "ahl al-bayt" was used in Arabia before the advent of Islam to refer to one's clan, and would be adopted by the ruling family of a tribe. Within the Islamic tradition, the term refers to the...

    . He was a man of great learning who preferred isolation and was known for his zuhd (abstinence).
    • Isa al-Rumi- He was a great 'alim (learned scholar) and 'arif
      Arif
      Arif is a common male given name in various Muslim countries, such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey.-Sufi philosophy:...

       (spiritual master). He was the Naqib of the Ahl al-Bayt in Basra.
      • Ahmad al-Muhajir
        Ahmad al-Muhajir
        Ahmad al-Muhajir also known as Al-Imam Ahmad bin Isa was the descendant of Ali bin Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Muhammad, the daughter of Muhammad. He was the son of ‘Isa the son of 'Ali al-Uraidhi who was the fourth son of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq, a fifth generation descendant of the Prophet Muhammad...

         (873-956/260-345H)- who was born in Basra. Al-Tabari
        Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari
        Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari was a prominent and influential Sunni scholar and exegete of the Qur'an from Persia...

        , the famous 'alim and historian, held him in great esteem and gave him immense respect. He held the company of Bishr al Hafi
        Bishr al Hafi
        Bishr ibn Hareth, better known as Bishr the Barefoot, was a Muslim saint born near Merv in 767 C.E. He was converted from a life of dissipation and then studied Muslim tradition in Baghdad. Bishr then devoted his life to God and became famous as one of the greatest saints in the...

        , among others. After performing Hajj
        Hajj
        The Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is one of the largest pilgrimages in the world, and is the fifth pillar of Islam, a religious duty that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so...

         in 318 A.H. he migrated to Hadramaut in the same year and settled their. From Hadramaut he called people to God. He was given the title Al-Muhajjir (the Emigrant) primarily because he had travelled the path to God and secondarily because he had emigrated from Iraq to Hadramaut. From Hadramaut his descendants became the illustrious Alawi
        Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib
        Ali was the first Imam of Shia Islam. He was a cousin of the Muslim prophet Muhammad, as well as Muhammad's son-in-law. He had several children by Fatima, Muhammad's daughter, as well as children by other wives...

         sadat
        Sayyid
        Sayyid is an honorific title, it denotes males accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husain ibn Ali, sons of the prophet's daughter Fatima Zahra and his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib.Daughters of sayyids are given the titles Sayyida,...

        , and most Sayyid
        Sayyid
        Sayyid is an honorific title, it denotes males accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husain ibn Ali, sons of the prophet's daughter Fatima Zahra and his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib.Daughters of sayyids are given the titles Sayyida,...

        ’s and Habib’s residing in Indonesia and Southeast Asia
        Southeast Asia
        Southeast Asia, South-East Asia, South East Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia. The region lies on the intersection of geological plates, with heavy seismic...

         are descended from him.
        • Ubaidullah
          • Alawi- who became a great Imam. It is from his name from whom the name of the tribe Bani Alawi is derived. Therefore, the Bani Alawi is the Ashraaf
            Ashraaf
            Ashraaf comes from Arabic and is the plural form of Sharif or Shareef , which literally means "noble" or "privileged". In some countries it used as a term to denote descendants of Muhammed . Among South Asian Muslims it used as a term for the Muslim gentry in South Asia, usually claiming Arab or...

             sadat (noble descendants) of Muhammad
            Muhammad
            Muhammad |ligature]] at U+FDF4 ;Arabic pronunciation varies regionally; the first vowel ranges from ~~; the second and the last vowel: ~~~. There are dialects which have no stress. In Egypt, it is pronounced not in religious contexts...

            . Furthermore, many families in Hadhramaut, India, the Hejaz
            Hejaz
            al-Hejaz, also Hijaz is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia. Defined primarily by its western border on the Red Sea, it extends from Haql on the Gulf of Aqaba to Jizan. Its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better known for the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina...

            , Africa, Indonesia
            Indonesia
            Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

            , Malaysia, Singapore
            Singapore
            Singapore , officially the Republic of Singapore, is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the...

            , Myanmar
            Myanmar
            Burma , officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar , is a country in Southeast Asia. Burma is bordered by China on the northeast, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh on the west, India on the northwest, the Bay of Bengal to the southwest, and the Andaman Sea on the south....

             and the rest of the world are descendants of Imam Alawi ibn Ubaidullah.

Other descendants

  • Sayyid Abu Bakr Al-Aidarus
    Sayyid Abu Bakr Al-Aidarus (saint)
    Sayyid Abū Bakr Al Adni ibn 'Abdallāh Al-'Aidarūs was a Hadhrami Arab religious scholar of the Sufi order and a poet of wrote several Arab poems in the Humayni vernacular style. Abu Bakr led most of his adult life in Aden, where he was well respected for his societal contributions to the...

     (1447–1508)- the Mansab (religious leader) of Aden, Yemen.


Nine Saints ( Wali Songo )are not from Al - Aidrus family
  • Sunan Maulana Malik Ibrahim
    Sunan Maulana Malik Ibrahim
    Sunan Maulana Malik Ibrahim or Mevlana Melik Ibrahim or Ibrahim As-Samarkandy was a Uzbek who was born in Samarkand and arrived on Java island in 1404 and worked at Gresik and Learn until his death in 1419. He was also known as Kakek Bantal. He founded the first Islamic school or pesantren in Java...

     (d.1419 C.E.)- one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
    • Sunan Ampel
      Sunan Ampel
      Sunan Ampel was one of Wali Songo, who spread Islam in Java. He can be considered a focal point of the wali songo, because several of them were descended from him and/or studied with him....

      - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
      • Sunan Bonang
        Sunan Bonang
        Sunan Bonang, whose real name was Raden Maulana Makdum Ibrahim, was born in Tuban, East Java in 1465 CE and died in 1525 CE at Pulau Bawean.He was one of the Wali Songo, along with his father Sunan Ampel and his brother Sunan Drajat....

        - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
      • Sunan Drajat
        Sunan Drajat
        Sunan Drajat was born in 1470 CE. He was one of the Wali Songo, along with his father Sunan Ampel and his brother Sunan Bonang.He was a descendant of Majapahit nobility in Tuban and a Chinese captain named Gan Eng Cu. ....

        - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
      • Syarifah
        • Sunan Kudus
          Sunan Kudus
          Sunan Kudus , founder of Kudus, is considered to be one of the Wali Sanga of Java, IndonesiaHe is said to have originated the wayang golek, and founded the masjid at Kudus using the doors from the palace of Majapahit.- History :He was born Jaafar As-Sadiq, the son of Sunan Ngudung and Syarifah ,...

          - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
      • Another daughter
        • Trenggana- who succeeded his father as leader of the Sultanate of Demak
          Sultanate of Demak
          The Sultanate of Demak was Javanese Muslim state located on Java's north coast in Indonesia, at the site of the present day city of Demak. A port fief to the Majapahit kingdom thought to have been founded in the last quarter of the 15th century, it was influenced by Islam brought by Arab and...

          .
  • Sunan Giri
    Sunan Giri
    Sunan Giri , Muhammad Ainul Yakin Sunan Giri (also called Raden Paku or Joko Samudra), Muhammad Ainul Yakin Sunan Giri (also called Raden Paku or Joko Samudra), Muhammad Ainul Yakin (born 1442 CE in Blambangan (now Banyuwangi) is considered to be one of the Wali Sanga of Indonesia.- History :...

    - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
  • Sunan Murya
    Sunan Murya
    Sunan Murya is, according to the Babad Tanah Jawi manuscripts, one of the Wali Sanga involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia....

    - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
  • Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
    Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
    Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi is a Comorian Islamic leader and politician, and former President of Comoros. He is popularly known as 'Ayatollah'. After easily winning the 14 May 2006 presidential election with 58.02% of the national vote, Sambi was inaugurated as President of the Union of the...

    - the President of Comoros since 26th May, 2006.

Religious knowledge


Ali al-Uraidhi was a man of great knowledge. He was a transmitter of Hadith
Hadith
The term Hadīth is used to denote a saying or an act or tacit approval or criticism ascribed either validly or invalidly to the Islamic prophet Muhammad....

, and was quoted in a large number of books written by the famous 'ulama of his and subsequent ages.

He gained knowledge from:
  • Ja'far al-Sadiq- his father.
  • Musa al-Kadhim- his brother.
  • Hasan ibn Zayd ibn Ali
    Zayd ibn Ali
    Zayd ibn ‘Alī was the grandson of Husayn ibn Alī, the grandson of Muhammad. Zayd was born in Medina in 695. His father was the Shī‘ah Imam ‘Alī ibn Husayn "Zayn al-Abidīn"...

    - his uncle.


Many people transmitted the Hadith’s of Ali al-Uraidhi, including:
  • Ahmad and Muhammad- his two sons.
  • Abdullah ibn Hasan- his grandson.
  • Ismail ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq- his brother Ishaq’s grandson.
  • Imam al-Buzzi/al-Bazzi.

Opinions of Muslim scholars

  • Al-Dhahabi
    Al-Dhahabi
    Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn `Uthman ibn Qaymaz ibn `Abd Allah, Shams al-Din Abu `Abd Allah al-Turkmani al-Diyarbakri al-Fariqi al-Dimashqi al-Dhahabi al-Shafi`i , known as Al-Dhahabi , a Shafi'i Muhaddith and historian of Islam.-Biography:...

    , the Shafi'i
    Shafi'i
    The Shafi'i madhhab is one of the schools of fiqh, or religious law, within the Sunni branch of Islam. The Shafi'i school of fiqh is named after Imām ash-Shafi'i.-Principles:...

     Muhaddith and historian, in his book Al-Miizaan said, "Ali bin Ja'far al-Sadiq narrated hadith from his father, also from his brother (i.e. Musa al-Kadhim), and also from Sufyan al-Thawri. Al-Tirmidhi
    Al-Tirmidhi
    Tirmidhī , also transliterated as Tirmizi, full name Abū ‛Īsá Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsá ibn Sawrah ibn Mūsá ibn al Ḍaḥḥāk al-Sulamī al-Sulamī al-Tirmidhī Tirmidhī , also transliterated as Tirmizi, full name Abū ‛Īsá Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsá ibn Sawrah ibn Mūsá ibn al Ḍaḥḥāk al-Sulamī al-Sulamī al-Tirmidhī...

      also narrated the hadith from him in his book. "
  • Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani
    Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani
    Al-Haafidh Shihabuddin Abu'l-Fadl Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Muhammad, better known as Ibn Hajar due to the fame of his forefathers, al-Asqalani due to his family origin , was a medieval Shafiite Sunni scholar of Islam who represents the entire realm of the Sunni world in the field of Hadith...

    , another Shafi'i Hadith scholar, in his book At-Taqrib said, "Ali ibn Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Husayn was one of the great figures..."
  • Ahmad ibn Hanbal
    Ahmad ibn Hanbal
    Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal Abu `Abd Allah al-Shaybani was an important Muslim scholar and theologian. He is considered the founder of the Hanbali school of fiqh...

     narrated from Ali al-Uraidhi in his Musnad
    Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal
    Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal is a collection of Hadith collected by the famous Sunni scholar Ibn Hanbal to whom the Hanbali madhab of Sunnis is attributed.-Description:...

    (Hadith collection).