Alenquer

Alenquer

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Alenquer'
Start a new discussion about 'Alenquer'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
Alenquer is a municipality in Portugal
Portugal
Portugal , officially the Portuguese Republic is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the...

 with a total area of 304.2 km² and a total population of 42,932 inhabitants. The municipality is composed of 16 parishes, and is located in the District of Lisbon.

The present Mayor is Jorge Riso, elected by the Socialist Party
Portuguese Socialist Party
The Portuguese Socialist Party was a political party in Portugal.The party was founded in 1875. During its initial phase the party was heavily influenced by Proudhonism, and rejected revolutionary Marxism. The party suffered constant factional struggles...

.

History


The name Alenquer is said to derive from the Germanic "Alen Ker" meaning the Temple of the Alans
Alans
The Alans, or the Alani, occasionally termed Alauni or Halani, were a group of Sarmatian tribes, nomadic pastoralists of the 1st millennium AD who spoke an Eastern Iranian language which derived from Scytho-Sarmatian and which in turn evolved into modern Ossetian.-Name:The various forms of Alan —...

, and the city itself is, legend says, is said to have been established by the Alanian king Attaces
Attaces
Addac or Attaces was king of the western Alans in Hispania . In 409, the Alans settled in the provinces of Lusitania and Carthaginiensis: Alani Lusitaniam et Carthaginiensem provincias, et Wandali cognomine Silingi Baeticam sortiuntur...

.. The Alans' dog, the Alaunt
Alaunt
The Alaunt is often thought of as an extinct breed of dog, however the Alaunt is not a breed, it is a type of dog also known as Mastiff. A number of modern dog breeds are believed directly descended from the Alaunt. The original Alaunt is thought to have resembled a Caucasian Shepherd Dog. They...

, is represented in the city's coat of arms. This is nothing but a legend, though, as there have been settlemenst in the area before Roman
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that grew on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world....

 times, and these were also established there, namely in the location of Ierabriga or Lerabriga. The city's castle, however, may have been established by the Alans, or maybe the Visigoths.

Alenquer received its Foral
Foral
thumb|left|200px|Foral of Castro Verde - PortugalThe word foral derives from the Portuguese word foro, ultimately from Latin forum, equivalent to Spanish fuero, Galician foro, Catalan furs and Basque foru ....

 in 1212 by the hand of Infanta (Princess) Sancha, Lady of Alenquer, daughter of King Sancho I of Portugal
Sancho I of Portugal
Sancho I , nicknamed the Populator , second monarch of Portugal, was born on 11 November 1154 in Coimbra and died on 26 March 1212 in the same city. He was the second but only surviving legitimate son and fourth child of Afonso I of Portugal by his wife, Maud of Savoy. Sancho succeeded his father...

.

Parishes

  • Abrigada
  • Aldeia Galega da Merceana
  • Aldeia Gavinha
  • Cabanas de Torres
  • Cadafais
  • Carnota
  • Carregado
    Carregado
    Carregado is a Portuguese parish, located in the municipality of Alenquer. It has a population of 9,066 inhabitants and a total area of 15.52 km². The town is a north-east exurb of Lisbon....

  • Meca
  • Olhalvo
    Olhalvo
    Olhalvo is a parish of the municipality of Alenquer, in western Portugal. It covers 8.25 km² in area, with 2006 inhabitants as of 2001.-References:*...

  • Ota
    Ota (Alenquer)
    Ota is a Portuguese parish, located in the municipality of Alenquer. It has a population of 1,198 inhabitants and a total area of 46.36 km².-Ota airport:...

  • Pereiro de Palhacana
  • Ribafria
  • Santo Estêvão (Alenquer)
  • Triana (Alenquer)
  • Ventosa
  • Vila Verde dos Francos

External links


Official websites:

Other websites: