Alajos Hauszmann

Alajos Hauszmann

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Hauszmann Alajos was an Austro-Hungarian architect, professor, and member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
The Hungarian Academy of Sciences is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapest.-History:...

.

Life

  • Born in 1847 into a family of Bavaria
    Bavaria
    Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

    n origin; the son of Ferenc Hauszmann and Anna Maár (siblings: Hermina (1845–1929), Ferenc (1850–1918) and Kornélia (1854-1837))

  • Studied painting from 1861, then as a bricklayer's apprentice
  • 1864 Attended Technical University of Budapest
  • 1866 Continued architecture studies at the Bauakademie
    Bauakademie
    The Bauakademie in Berlin, Germany, built between 1832 and 1836, is considered one of the forerunners of modern architecture due to its theretofore uncommon use of red brick and the relatively streamlined facade of the building.Designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, the Bauakademie was built near...

     in Berlin
    Berlin
    Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

    , along with Ödön Lechner
    Ödön Lechner
    Ödön Lechner was a Hungarian architect, nicknamed the "Hungarian Gaudí".Lechner was one of the early representatives of the Hungarian Secession movement, called szecesszió in Hungarian, which was related to Art Nouveau and Jugendstil in the rest of Europe...

  • 1868 Assistant Professor at the Technical University of Budapest
  • 1869-1870. Grand tour of Italy
    Italy
    Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

     to study renaissance architecture
  • 1872 Professor at the Technical University for the next 40 years
  • 1874 Married Mariette Senior, whom he met in Berlin
    Berlin
    Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

  • Designed barracks for the Red Cross, to be known as Hauszmann-barracks in Austria
    Austria
    Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

     and Switzerland
    Switzerland
    Switzerland name of one of the Swiss cantons. ; ; ; or ), in its full name the Swiss Confederation , is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe,Or Central Europe depending on the definition....

  • 1891 Named chief architect for Buda Castle
    Buda Castle
    Buda Castle is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest, first completed in 1265. In the past, it was also called Royal Palace and Royal Castle ....

     in Budapest
    Budapest
    Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

  • Received the Order of Franz Joseph
    Order of Franz Joseph
    The Imperial Austrian Franz Joseph Order was founded by the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on December 2, 1849 on the first anniversary of his assumption of the Imperial Crown...

    , Grand Cross
  • 1912 Retired
  • 1913 Created a foundation for young architects graduating from the Technical University
  • 1914 Extended journey to Egypt
    Egypt
    Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

     and the Holy Land
    Holy Land
    The Holy Land is a term which in Judaism refers to the Kingdom of Israel as defined in the Tanakh. For Jews, the Land's identifiction of being Holy is defined in Judaism by its differentiation from other lands by virtue of the practice of Judaism often possible only in the Land of Israel...

    .
  • 1918 Ennobled by King Charles IV of Hungary
    Karl I of Austria
    Charles I of Austria or Charles IV of Hungary was the last ruler of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary, the last King of Bohemia and Croatia and the last King of Galicia and Lodomeria and the last monarch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine...

  • 1919 His private home was confiscated during the Hungarian Soviet Republic
    Hungarian Soviet Republic
    The Hungarian Soviet Republic or Soviet Republic of Hungary was a short-lived Communist state established in Hungary in the aftermath of World War I....

  • 1924 Elected honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    The Hungarian Academy of Sciences is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapest.-History:...


Architecture and design


  • 1870 German Theater, Budapest
    Budapest
    Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

     (destroyed by fire in 1890)
  • 1870 Kiosk, Erzsébet tér, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1871-1872 Tüköry palace, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1874-1875 Coburg palace, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1876 Church of the Sacred Heart, Gyoma
  • 1876-1878 Kégl mansion, Székesfehérvár
    Székesfehérvár
    Székesfehérvár is a city in central Hungary and is the 9th largest in the country. Located around southwest of Budapest. It is inhabited by 101,973 people , with 136,995 in the Székesfehérvár Subregion. The city is the centre of Fejér county and the regional centre of Central Transdanubia...

  • 1877-1878 City Hall and theater, Szombathely
    Szombathely
    Szombathely is the 10th largest city in Hungary. It is the administrative centre of Vas county in the west of the country, located near the border with Austria...

     (destroyed)
  • 1878 Stefánia Yacht Club, Balatonfüred
    Balatonfüred
    Balatonfüred is a popular resort town in Veszprém county, in Hungary, with a population of thirteen thousand, situated on the north shore of the Lake Balaton. It is considered to be the capital of the Northern lake shore and has significant yachting life. It is also a favorite location for coarse...

  • 1878-1879 Kégl palace, Budapest
  • 1878-1880 St. Stephen Hospital, Budapest
  • 1881-1883 Austro-Hungarian Bank, Szombathely
    Szombathely
    Szombathely is the 10th largest city in Hungary. It is the administrative centre of Vas county in the west of the country, located near the border with Austria...

  • 1882 Hungarian Parliament Building
    Hungarian Parliament Building
    The Hungarian Parliament Building is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, one of Europe's oldest legislative buildings, a notable landmark of Hungary and a popular tourist destination of Budapest. It lies in Lajos Kossuth Square, on the bank of the Danube, in Budapest...

    , Budapest (prize winning design, not built)
  • 1882-1884 Erzsébet Hospital for the Red Cross, Budapest
  • 1883-1884 Teacher's Training College, Budapest
  • 1883-1884 Főreáliskola, Budapest
  • 1884 Teacher's Training Institute, Budapest
  • 1884 Scottish Abbey, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1884-1885 Nádasdy Mansion
    Nádasdy Mansion
    The Nádasdy Mansion is a Tudor-romantic style manor house designed by István Linzbauer and Alajos Hauszmann situated on 24 hectares in Nádasdladány, Hungary. It dates from 1873-1876, and belonged to the Nádasdy family.-See also:...

     renovation and chapel, Nádasdladány
    Nádasdladány
    - External links :*...

  • 1884-1885 Batthyány palace, Budapest
  • 1884-1886 Girls' Lyceum, Sopron
    Sopron
    In 1910 Sopron had 33,932 inhabitants . Religions: 64.1% Roman Catholic, 27.8% Lutheran, 6.6% Jewish, 1.2% Calvinist, 0.3% other. In 2001 the city had 56,125 inhabitants...

  • 1884-1889 University Pathology Institute, Cluj-Napoca
    Cluj-Napoca
    Cluj-Napoca , commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country. Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest , Budapest and Belgrade...

  • 1886 University Public Health Institute, Cluj-Napoca
  • 1886 State Institute for Teaching Women, Budapest
  • 1886-1887 Institute for Forensic Medicine, Budapest
  • 1887-1889 Northeast Railroad Company apartment building, Budapest
  • 1887-1889 Technical Training School and Museum, Budapest
  • 1888-1890 Budapest Court House and Penitentiary, Budapest
  • 1889-1890 commercial building, Budapest
  • 1890 Kálmán Széll's mansion, Rátót
    Rátót
    Rátót is a village in Vas county, Hungary.Kálmán Széll, the Prime Minister of Hungary between 1899 and 1903 died here in 1915.-References:...

  • 1890-1894 County hospital, Nitra
    Nitra
    Nitra is a city in western Slovakia, situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the valley of the river Nitra. With a population of about 83,572, it is the fifth largest city in Slovakia. Nitra is also one of the oldest cities in Slovakia and the country's earliest political and cultural center...

  • 1891-1905 Buda Castle
    Buda Castle
    Buda Castle is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings in Budapest, first completed in 1265. In the past, it was also called Royal Palace and Royal Castle ....

    , Budapest, including the interiors
    Interiors of Buda Castle
    The interiors of Buda Castle, the former palace of the Hungarian kings in Budapest, Hungary, were all destroyed during World War II and the post-war reconstruction . There is very little data about the interiors from the medieval and Baroque era...

  • 1891 Hauszmann house, Budapest
  • 1890-1894 New York Palace, Budapest
  • 1893 General Hospital, Cluj-Napoca
  • 1893-1896 Royal Hungarian Palace of Justice, Budapest (Kúria, today: Ethnographic Museum)
  • 1893-1897 Governor's Palace, Rijeka
    Rijeka
    Rijeka is the principal seaport and the third largest city in Croatia . It is located on Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea and has a population of 128,735 inhabitants...

  • 1902-1909 Royal Joseph Technical University, central building, Budapest
  • 1904 City Hall, Oradea
    Oradea
    Oradea is the capital city of Bihor County, in the Crișana region of north-western Romania. The city has a population of 204,477, according to the 2009 estimates. The wider Oradea metropolitan area has a total population of 245,832.-Geography:...

  • 1910 National Theater
    National Theatre (Budapest)
    The National Theatre is the main theatre of Budapest, and the largest such institution in Hungary, opening originally in 1837. Its company used several locations since then, including the original building at the Kerepesi street, and the People's Theatre at the Blaha Lujza Square...

    , Budapest (not built)

Publications

  • A budapesti igazságügyi palota (Magy. Mérnök és Építész Egyl. Közl., 1897)
  • A kir. József műegyetem új otthona (Magy. Mérnök és Építész Egyl. Közl., 1909)
  • A magyar királyi vár (Budapest, 1912)
  • Budapest városának építészeti fejlődésének története (Akad. Ért. 1925).

External links


In Hungarian: