Home      Discussion      Topics      Dictionary      Almanac
Signup       Login
Afro-Arab

Afro-Arab

Overview
Afro-Arab refers to people of mixed Black African and genealogical Arab
Arab
Arab people, also known as Arabs , are a panethnicity primarily living in the Arab world, which is located in Western Asia and North Africa. They are identified as such on one or more of genealogical, linguistic, or cultural grounds, with tribal affiliations, and intra-tribal relationships playing...

 ancestral heritage and/or linguistically and culturally Arabized
Arabization
Arabization or Arabisation describes a growing cultural influence on a non-Arab area that gradually changes into one that speaks Arabic and/or incorporates Arab culture...

 Black Africans. There are communities of Afro-Arabs in East Africa
East Africa
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easterly region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. In the UN scheme of geographic regions, 19 territories constitute Eastern Africa:...

, West Africa
West Africa
West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. Geopolitically, the UN definition of Western Africa includes the following 16 countries and an area of approximately 5 million square km:-Flags of West Africa:...

, North Africa
North Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...

, the Near East
Near East
The Near East is a geographical term that covers different countries for geographers, archeologists, and historians, on the one hand, and for political scientists, economists, and journalists, on the other...

 and Western Europe
Western Europe
Western Europe is a loose term for the collection of countries in the western most region of the European continents, though this definition is context-dependent and carries cultural and political connotations. One definition describes Western Europe as a geographic entity—the region lying in the...

.

"Afro-Arab" may also refer to the African Union
African Union
The African Union is a union consisting of 54 African states. The only all-African state not in the AU is Morocco. Established on 9 July 2002, the AU was formed as a successor to the Organisation of African Unity...

's efforts to improve co-operation between African countries and those of the Arab world. Sudan
Sudan
Sudan , officially the Republic of the Sudan , is a country in North Africa, sometimes considered part of the Middle East politically. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the...

 is the only nation in the Arab League
Arab League
The Arab League , officially called the League of Arab States , is a regional organisation of Arab states in North and Northeast Africa, and Southwest Asia . It was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan , Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined as a...

 with an Afro-Arab majority.

In the Arab states of the Persian Gulf
Arab states of the Persian Gulf
"Arab states of the Persian Gulf" or "Arab Persian Gulf states" or "Persian Gulf Arab states" or "Arabic Persian Gulf states" or "Arab States of The Gulf", are terms that refer to the six Arab states of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain and Oman, bordering the Persian Gulf....

, descendants of East African
East African
East African may refer to:*Any person or object of, or pertaining to, East Africa*East African Airlines, an airline based in Kampala, Uganda*East African Safari Air, a now defunct airline based in Kenya*The EastAfrican, a weekly newspaper in East Africa...

s from Tanzania
Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.Tanzania is a state...

 and Zanzibar
Zanzibar
Zanzibar ,Persian: زنگبار, from suffix bār: "coast" and Zangi: "bruin" ; is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania, in East Africa. It comprises the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of the mainland, and consists of numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja , and Pemba...

 perform Liwa
Liwa (music)
Līwa is a traditional dance performed in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, mainly in communities of descendants of East Africans from the Swahili Coast...

 and Fann At-Tanbura
Fann at-Tanbura
Fann aṭ-Ṭanbūra is a traditional music and dance genre in the Persian Gulf Arab states, especially Bahrain, Kuwait and Oman. Musically, the tanbura instrument plays a central role, along with several drums and the manjur -- an instrument made of several goat hooves wrapped around the waist of the...

  music and dance.
Discussion
Ask a question about 'Afro-Arab'
Start a new discussion about 'Afro-Arab'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
Afro-Arab refers to people of mixed Black African and genealogical Arab
Arab
Arab people, also known as Arabs , are a panethnicity primarily living in the Arab world, which is located in Western Asia and North Africa. They are identified as such on one or more of genealogical, linguistic, or cultural grounds, with tribal affiliations, and intra-tribal relationships playing...

 ancestral heritage and/or linguistically and culturally Arabized
Arabization
Arabization or Arabisation describes a growing cultural influence on a non-Arab area that gradually changes into one that speaks Arabic and/or incorporates Arab culture...

 Black Africans. There are communities of Afro-Arabs in East Africa
East Africa
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easterly region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. In the UN scheme of geographic regions, 19 territories constitute Eastern Africa:...

, West Africa
West Africa
West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. Geopolitically, the UN definition of Western Africa includes the following 16 countries and an area of approximately 5 million square km:-Flags of West Africa:...

, North Africa
North Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...

, the Near East
Near East
The Near East is a geographical term that covers different countries for geographers, archeologists, and historians, on the one hand, and for political scientists, economists, and journalists, on the other...

 and Western Europe
Western Europe
Western Europe is a loose term for the collection of countries in the western most region of the European continents, though this definition is context-dependent and carries cultural and political connotations. One definition describes Western Europe as a geographic entity—the region lying in the...

.

"Afro-Arab" may also refer to the African Union
African Union
The African Union is a union consisting of 54 African states. The only all-African state not in the AU is Morocco. Established on 9 July 2002, the AU was formed as a successor to the Organisation of African Unity...

's efforts to improve co-operation between African countries and those of the Arab world. Sudan
Sudan
Sudan , officially the Republic of the Sudan , is a country in North Africa, sometimes considered part of the Middle East politically. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the...

 is the only nation in the Arab League
Arab League
The Arab League , officially called the League of Arab States , is a regional organisation of Arab states in North and Northeast Africa, and Southwest Asia . It was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan , Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined as a...

 with an Afro-Arab majority.

Culture


In the Arab states of the Persian Gulf
Arab states of the Persian Gulf
"Arab states of the Persian Gulf" or "Arab Persian Gulf states" or "Persian Gulf Arab states" or "Arabic Persian Gulf states" or "Arab States of The Gulf", are terms that refer to the six Arab states of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain and Oman, bordering the Persian Gulf....

, descendants of East African
East African
East African may refer to:*Any person or object of, or pertaining to, East Africa*East African Airlines, an airline based in Kampala, Uganda*East African Safari Air, a now defunct airline based in Kenya*The EastAfrican, a weekly newspaper in East Africa...

s from Tanzania
Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.Tanzania is a state...

 and Zanzibar
Zanzibar
Zanzibar ,Persian: زنگبار, from suffix bār: "coast" and Zangi: "bruin" ; is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania, in East Africa. It comprises the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of the mainland, and consists of numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja , and Pemba...

 perform Liwa
Liwa (music)
Līwa is a traditional dance performed in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, mainly in communities of descendants of East Africans from the Swahili Coast...

 and Fann At-Tanbura
Fann at-Tanbura
Fann aṭ-Ṭanbūra is a traditional music and dance genre in the Persian Gulf Arab states, especially Bahrain, Kuwait and Oman. Musically, the tanbura instrument plays a central role, along with several drums and the manjur -- an instrument made of several goat hooves wrapped around the waist of the...

  music and dance. Mizmar (dance)
Mizmar (dance)
Mizmar is the name of a folkloric dance native to the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia. The dance involves moving while twirling a bamboo cane, to the music of drums. The dance and music have strong African influences...

 is performed in the Hejaz
Hejaz
al-Hejaz, also Hijaz is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia. Defined primarily by its western border on the Red Sea, it extends from Haql on the Gulf of Aqaba to Jizan. Its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better known for the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina...

 region of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , commonly known in British English as Saudi Arabia and in Arabic as as-Sa‘ūdiyyah , is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab World...

.
Stambali(Tunisia) and gnawa music
Gnawa music
Gnawa music is a mixture of sub-Saharan African, Berber, and Sufi religious songs and rhythms. It combines music and acrobatic dancing. The music is both a prayer and a celebration of life...

(Morocco), are both a ritual music/dance, originate from West African musical styles.

Notable Afro-Arabs


Sahaba
  • Bilal ibn Rabah al-Habashi
  • Sumayyah bint Khayyat
  • Ammar ibn Yasir
    Ammar ibn Yasir
    ʻAmmār ibn Yāsir al-Ansi was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He was one of the Muhajirun, and referred to as by Shia Muslims as one of the Four Companions....

  • Zaid Ibn Haarithhah
  • Usaamah Ibn Zaid
  • Khabbaab Ibn Al-Arat
  • Suhaib Ibn Sinaan/Abu Yahia


Royalty
  • Abu al-Misk Kafur
    Abu al-Misk Kafur
    Abu al-Misk Kafur , also called al-Laithi, al-Suri, al-Labi was a dominant personality of Ikhshidid Egypt and Syria. Originally a black slave from Ethiopia, he was promoted as vizier of Egypt, becoming its de facto ruler...

    , Egyptian King
  • Ma'ad al-Mustansir Billah,Fatimid caliph
  • Al-Rashid of Morocco
    Al-Rashid of Morocco
    Moulay al-Rashid was Sultan of Morocco from 1666 to 1672. He has been called the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty.It was his father Moulay Ali Cherif who took power in Tafilalt around 1630. In 1635 al-Rashid's brother Moulay Mohammed ould Moulay Cherif succeeded their still living father...

    ,Moroccan Sultan
  • Bandar bin Sultan bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, Saudi Prince


Arts
  • Belgacem Bouguenna, Tunisian singer
  • Sherine
    Sherine
    Sherine is an Egyptian singer and actress from Egypt, Cairo. Sherine began her career with the single Ah Ya Leil in 2002, and has since released several albums that include 2 EPs and 3 LPs.- Early life :...

    , Egyptian singer
  • Soprano (rapper)
    Soprano (rapper)
    Soprano, born Saïd M'Roubaba in Marseille on 14 January 1979 is a French rapper of Comorian descent. He was a part of the rap group Psy 4 de la Rime...

    , French rapper of Comorian descent
  • Rohff
    Rohff
    Rohff - « Rimeur Original Hardcore Flow Fluide » is a French rapper from Vitry-sur-Seine, in Val-de-Marne, south of Paris. Rohff was born in Comoros and immigrated to the Parisian suburbs in 1985.A fan of 2Pac, The Notorious B.I.G., NWA, Game, and others, Rohff began rapping around 1994...

    , French rapper of Comorian descent
  • Khleo Thomas, American rapper/actor of Black and Moroccan Descent
  • Mahmoud Guinia
    Mahmoud Guinia
    El Maallem Mahmoud Guinia El Maallem Mahmoud Guinia El Maallem Mahmoud Guinia (المعلم محمود ﯕينيا or المعلم محمود كينيا; also spelled Mahmoud Gania is a musician from Morocco. He has appeared on a number of recordings, most notably with Verve recording The Splendid Master Gnawa Musicians of Morocco....

     Moroccan Gnawa Artist
  • Hassan Hakmoun
    Hassan Hakmoun
    Hassan Hakmoun is a Los Angeles-based Moroccan Gnawa musician.-Early life:Hakmoun was born to a family of musicians who introduced him to the musical world of the Gnawa. By age four, he performed alongside snake charmers and fire-breathers on Marrakech streets. His mother is known throughout the...

     Moroccan Gnawa Artist
  • Kayna Samet
    Kayna Samet
    Kayna Samet is a French singer of soul, hip-hop and R&B, born in 1980 in Nice.- Childhood :Born Malika Zoubir in Nice, France, in 1980, to Algerian parents, she grew up outside of neighbourhoods typical of Nice, by the will of her mother who refused to live in the ghetto.During her childhood her...

    , French singer
  • Nessbeal, French singer
  • Malika Zarra
    Malika Zarra
    Malika Zarra is a Moroccan-born, French-raised singer, composer, and music producer now based in New York City known for singing in Moroccan Arabic, Berber, French, and English. Her music has been on the JazzWeek Top 20 radio chart in world music....

    , Moroccan Artist
  • Samir Loussif, Tunisian singer
  • Mohamed Ali Lasmar, Tunisian singer
  • Waed, saudi singer

Sports

  • Hamad Al-Montashari
    Hamad Al-Montashari
    Hamad Al-Montashari is a Saudi Arabian footballer for Al-Ittihad. Al-Montashari, a defender, was declared the 2005 Asian Football Player of the Year, defeating Uzbekistan and FC Dynamo Kyiv striker Maksim Shatskikh. With Al-Ittihad, Al-Montashari has won the 2004 and 2005 AFC Champions...

    , Saudi Arabian footballer
  • Naif Al-Qadi
    Naif Al-Qadi
    Naif Ali Al-Qadi is a Saudi Arabian football player who currently plays as a defender for Al-Shabab.He plays for the Saudi Arabian national team occasionally and was called up to the squad to participate in the 2006 FIFA World Cup.-References:...

    , Saudi Arabian footballer
  • Mabrouk Zaid
    Mabrouk Zaid
    Mabrouk Zaid is a Saudi Arabian football player who currently plays as a goalkeeper for Al-Ittihad.Zaid is a member of the Saudi Arabian national team and was called up to the squad to participate in the 2006 FIFA World Cup....

    , Saudi Arabian footballer
  • Saud Kariri, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • Talal Al-Meshal
    Talal Al-Meshal
    Talal Al-Meshal is a Saudi Arabian footballer.He played for Al-Ahli and he is now playing with Al-Raed . He played for Al-Ittihad in the 2008 AFC Champions League group stages....

    , Saudi Arabian footballer
  • Ibrahim Al-Shahrani
    Ibrahim Al-Shahrani
    Ibrahim Suwayed Al-Shahrani is a Saudi Arabian football player.He played most of his career for Al-Nasr.He played for the Saudi Arabia national football team and was a participant at the 1998 FIFA World Cup and at the 2002 FIFA World Cup.His most significant goal was against Qatar in Doha in the...

    , Saudi Arabian footballer
  • Mohaisen Al-Jam'an
    Mohaisen Al-Jam'an
    Mohaisen Al-Jam'an in full Mohaisen Mubarak Jam'an Al Dosari is a former Saudi football player. He represented the Saudi national team during the period 1984-1994.-Early career:...

    , Saudi Arabian footballer
  • Hatem Trabelsi, Tunisian footballer
  • Radhi Jaïdi
    Radhi Jaïdi
    Radhi Ben Abdelmajid Jaïdi is a Tunisian footballer who joined Npower Championship club Southampton in September 2009. He plays as a centre back.-Club career:...

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Ali Zitouni
    Ali Zitouni
    -Career:Zitouni plays for Antalyaspor in the Turkish Super Lig. He previously played for Espérance in Tunisia and was loaned to Troyes AC for six months.Zitouni played for the Tunisia national football team at the 2002 FIFA World Cup finals...

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Imed Mhedhebi
    Imed Mhedhebi
    Imed Mhedhebi or Mhadhbi is a former Tunisian football winger.He was a member of the Tunisian national team that participated at the 2002 FIFA World Cup and won the 2004 African Cup of Nations....

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Sabri Jaballah
    Sabri Jaballah
    Sabri Jaballah is a Tunisian footballer.He played for a few clubs, including Club Africain, CS Sfaxien and Stade Tunisien.He played for the Tunisia national football team and was a participant at the 1998 FIFA World Cup.- References :...

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • José Clayton, Tunisian Footballer
  • Saber Khelifa
    Saber Khelifa
    Saber Khelifa is a Tunisian international footballer who plays as a striker for French side Évian Thonon Gaillard FC.-Career:Born in Gabès, Khelifa has played for Stade Gabèsien, Espérance and CS Hammam-Lif...

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Amine Ltaïef
    Amine Ltaïef
    Amine Ltaïef is a Tunisian footballer who currently plays for Tunisian side Club Sportif de Hammam-Lif. His position is striker.He was part of the Tunisian 2004 Olympic football team, who exited in the first round, finishing third in group C, behind group and gold medal winners Argentina and...

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Issam Jemâa, Tunisian Footballer
  • Haitham Mrabet
    Haitham Mrabet
    Haitham Mrabet is a Tunisian international footballer who plays for CS Sfaxien, as a midfielder.-Club career:Mrabet made his senior debut for CS Sfaxien during the 2003-04 season, and has also spent time in Sudan with Al-Merreikh....

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Mohamed Ali Nafkha
    Mohamed Ali Nafkha
    Mohamed Ali Nafkha is a Tunisian football player who is currently playing for Étoile du Sahel on loan from FC Zürich....

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Khaled Souissi
    Khaled Souissi
    Khaled Soussi is a professional footballer who comes from Tunisia and plays as a defender. He currently plays for French club AC Arles-Avignon and the Tunisia national football team. He is known to be a cleany defender and a gentleman on and out of the pitch. -References:...

    , Tunisian Footballer
  • Taoufik Belbouli
    Taoufik Belbouli
    Taoufik Belbouli was a French-Tunisian professional boxer.-Professional career:Belbouli turned pro in 1982 and won the vacant WBA cruiserweight title with a TKO win over Michael Greer in March 1989 in Tunis...

    , Tunisian Boxer
  • Yacine Brahimi
    Yacine Brahimi
    Yacine Brahimi is a French football player who currently plays for French club Rennes in Ligue 1. He plays as an attacking midfielder and a winger and is described as a "technically gifted player"...

    , French footballer
  • Abderraouf Zarabi
    Abderraouf Zarabi
    Abderraouf Zarabi is an Algerian international footballer. He currently plays as a defender for JS Kabylie in the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1...

    , Algerian footballer
  • Raïs M'Bolhi, Algerian footballer
  • Youssef El-Arabi
    Youssef El-Arabi
    Youssef El-Arabi is a French-born Moroccan football player who currently plays for Saudi Arabia club Al-Hilal FC.-Club:On the 20th of December 2008, El-Arabi made his debut for Caen, coming on as a substitute in the 76th minute against Lyon in Ligue 1. He played 2 more games that season , and...

    , Moroccan Footballer
  • Larbi Benbarek
    Larbi Benbarek
    Larbi Benbarek or Larbi Ben Barek was a Moroccan football player...

    , Moroccan Footballer
  • Abdeslam Ouaddou
    Abdeslam Ouaddou
    Abdeslam Ouaddou is a Moroccan football defender. He currently plays for Qatar SC.-Career:He started his footballing career quite late, at the age of 21. On December 7, 2006 Ouaddou asked Olympiacos to release him free because he felt homesick and had some family problems...

    , Moroccan Footballer
  • Khalid Fouhami
    Khalid Fouhami
    Khalid Fouhami is a Moroccan footballer who plays for FUS de Rabat as a goalkeeper.During his extensive career, Fouhami played for WAC Casablanca, IR Tanger, Maghreb Fez and FUS de Rabat in Morocco, FC Dinamo Bucureşti in Romania, K.S.K. Beveren, Standard Liège and R.C.S. Visétois in Belgium,...

    , Moroccan Footballer
  • Mohammed Timoumi
    Mohammed Timoumi
    Mohamed Timoumi is former Moroccan footballer. He was named African Footballer of the Year in 1985. The player took part in 1986 FIFA World Cup in Mexico. At club level, Mohammed Timoumi won the CAF Champions League with FAR Rabat, biggest Moroccan football club of his era...

    , Former Moroccan Footballer
  • Abdoulay Konko
    Abdoulay Konko
    Abdoulaye Konko Faye is a French footballer of Senegalese and Moroccan descent, who currently plays for Lazio in Serie A as a right back. He favours dribbling and can play anywhere on either wing.-Club career:...

    , French Footballer
  • Taleb Twatiha, Israeli Footballer
  • Djamel Bakar, Comorian Footballer

See Also


  • Zanj
    Zanj
    Zanj was a name used by medieval Arab geographers to refer to both a certain portion of the coast of East Africa and its inhabitants, Bantu-speaking peoples called the Zanj...

  • Zanj Rebellion
    Zanj Rebellion
    The Zanj Rebellion was the culmination of series of small revolts. It took place near the city of Basra, located in southern Iraq over a period of fifteen years . It grew to involve over 500,000 slaves who were imported from across the Muslim empire and claimed over “tens of thousands of lives in...

  • Arab Slave Trade
    Arab slave trade
    The Arab slave trade was the practice of slavery in the Arab World, mainly Western Asia, North Africa, East Africa and certain parts of Europe during their period of domination by Arab leaders. The trade was focused on the slave markets of the Middle East and North Africa...

  • Gnawa
    Gnawa
    The Gnawa people originated from North and West Africa; to be precise the ancient Ghanaian Empire of Ouagadougou .This name Gnawa is taken from one of the indigenous languages of the Sahara Desert called Tamazight...

  • Afro Iranian
    Afro Iranian
    People of Black African descent reside in Iran. Most Afro Iranians are concentrated in Hormozagan, Sistan and Baluchestan and Khuzestan.-History:The Indian Ocean slave trade was multi-directional and changed over time...

  • Afro Iraqis
  • Afro-Turks
    Afro-Turks
    Afro-Turks, African Turks, or Turkish Africans are people of African descent in Turkey. "Afro-Turk" is a neologism; they have been colloquially named as Arap or zenci in Turkish, and are now also referred to as Afrika kökenli Türkler .-History:Beginning several centuries ago, a number of Africans,...


External links