African National Party
African National Party was a political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 in Chad
Chad , officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west...

. PNA was founded on January 30, 1960, through the merger remnants of four parties based in the Muslim-dominated northern Chad; African Socialist Movement
African Socialist Movement
African Socialist Movement was a political party in French West Africa. The MSA was formed following a meeting of the Section française de l'Internationale ouvrière federations of Cameroon, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, French Sudan , Gabon, Guinea, Niger, Oubangui-Chari , and Senegal; the...

, Chadian Social Action
Chadian Social Action
The Chadian Social Action was an African political party founded in 1953 in Colonial Chad. It was born as an offshoot of the Chadian Democratic Union , and like the mother party it represented French commercial interest and Muslim and African traditional chiefs...

, Independent Democratic Union of Chad and Grouping of Rural and Independent Chadians
Grouping of Rural and Independent Chadians
Grouping of Rural and Independent Chadians was a political party in Chad. The party was founded in 1956, when the Gountchomé Sahoulba-led faction broke away from the Chadian Social Action...

. Initially, PNA held 25 seats in the National Assembly, but the party suffered from defections to the Chadian Progressive Party
Chadian Progressive Party
The Chadian Progressive Party was the first African political party created in Chad, active from 1947 to 1973...

, first the number of MPs went down to 17 and then to ten. In April 1961 PNA merged with the Chadian Progressive Party at a Unity Congress in Abéché
-Demographics:Demographic evolution:-References:...

, forming the Union for the Progress of Chad (UPT).

This alliance did however become short-lived, as PNA issued their own candidate lists for elections. In 1961 PNA leaders were arrested, in January 1962 the party was banned. In 1963, the PNA leader Djbrinne Kherallah declared that the PNA would not agree to dissolve itself.
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