Addenbrooke's Hospital

Addenbrooke's Hospital

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Addenbrooke's Hospital is an internationally renowned teaching hospital
Teaching hospital
A teaching hospital is a hospital that provides clinical education and training to future and current doctors, nurses, and other health professionals, in addition to delivering medical care to patients...

 in Cambridge
Cambridge
The city of Cambridge is a university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire, England. It lies in East Anglia about north of London. Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology centre known as Silicon Fen – a play on Silicon Valley and the fens surrounding the...

, England, with strong links to the University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge is a public research university located in Cambridge, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest university in both the United Kingdom and the English-speaking world , and the seventh-oldest globally...

. It was founded in 1766 on Trumpington Street
Trumpington Street
Trumpington Street is a major historic street in central Cambridge, England. At the north end it continues as King's Parade where King's College is located...

 with £4,500 from the will of Dr John Addenbrooke
John Addenbrooke
John Addenbrooke was an English medical doctor who left more than £4,500 in his will for the founding of a hospital for the poor. Addenbrooke's Hospital, which has expanded significantly since its beginnings, is now a major teaching hospital in Cambridge, England.Addenbrooke studied at Catharine...

, a fellow of St Catharine's College
St Catharine's College, Cambridge
St. Catharine’s College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Founded in 1473, the college is often referred to informally by the nickname "Catz".-History:...

. In 1976, the hospital moved to its present premises on the southern edge of the city at the end of Hills Road
Hills Road, Cambridge
This article is about the street. For the Sixth Form College commonly known as "Hills Road", see Hills Road Sixth Form CollegeHills Road is an arterial road in southeast Cambridge, England...

 and is now part of the Cambridge Bio-Medical campus
Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus
Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus, located at the southwest end of Hills Road on the southern edge of Cambridge, England, is one of the largest centres of health science and medical research in Europe...

; the old building now houses the Judge Business School
Judge Business School
Cambridge Judge Business School, formerly known as the Judge Institute of Management Studies, is the business school of the University of Cambridge. Established in 1990, the School is a provider of management education and is consistently ranked as one of the world's leading business schools. It is...

. For a long time, the current site was known as New Addenbrooke's, and still is called that by some people who worked at the former site, which is now known as the Old Addenbrooke's Site
Old Addenbrooke's Site
The Old Addenbrooke's Site is a site owned by the University of Cambridge in the south of central Cambridge, England. It is located on the block formed by Fitzwilliam Street to the north, Tennis Court Road to the east, Lensfield Road to the south, and Trumpington Street to the west.Addenbrooke's...

.

The clinical school


The hospital is run by the Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, which is not a part of Cambridge University. However, there is close cooperation between the two organisations, and the University's medical school is also based on the Addenbrooke's site. The clinical school graduates approximately 140 new doctors every year.

The Addenbrooke's Site



In recent years, the Addenbrooke's site has almost become a self-contained town. The hospital has its own airport-style shopping concourse (part of which remains open till late), food court, sports centre, and accommodation units. The shopping concourse was a notable first, being opened in 1989 and extensively refurbished and extended in 1999. Many more research organisations are now moving in too, as Addenbrooke's continues to evolve into a fully-fledged biotechnology campus
Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus
Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus, located at the southwest end of Hills Road on the southern edge of Cambridge, England, is one of the largest centres of health science and medical research in Europe...

.

Services


Addenbrooke's provides a full range of clinical services, with the exception of cardiothoracic surgery, which is provided at the nearby Papworth Hospital
Papworth Hospital
Papworth Hospital is a heart and lung hospital in Cambridgeshire, England. It was home to the first successful heart transplant in the UK and one of the world's first beating-heart transplants.-History:...

. Addenbrooke's is a tertiary referral centre for a number of specialities. Of note, it is one of the UK's six liver transplant centres and performs multivisceral transplants. It is a busy regional neurosurgical centre and has the largest neurological intensive care unit of its kind in Europe. It is also a centre of excellence for renal services, bone marrow transplantation, cleft lip and palate reconstruction, treatment of rare cancers, medical genetics, and paediatrics. It has 24 operating theatres, and in addition to the neurosciences (neurosurgery and neurology) critical care unit it also has an adult, a paediatric, and a neonatal intensive care service, and several high-dependency areas (adult, transplant, surgical, coronary care). The Rosie Hospital is attached to Addenbrooke's, and provides a full range of women's and maternity services.

In 2009, Addenbrooke's had 1,180 beds, around 7000 members of staff, and an income of around £518 million. It treated 86,239 visits to Accident & Emergency, 64,794 inpatients stays, and 414,199 outpatient clinic visits.

Bus


The large site is served by a busy bus station, located on its gateway roundabout, with up to 60 buses arriving there every hour. Addenbrooke's hospital is directly accessible from three of Cambridge's five Park and Ride sites. The green Park and Ride
Park and ride
Park and ride facilities are car parks with connections to public transport that allow commuters and other people wishing to travel into city centres to leave their vehicles and transfer to a bus, rail system , or carpool for the rest of their trip...

 buses from either the Babraham or Milton Park and Ride, and service A from the Trumpington Park and Ride site stop at its bus station and various other locations around the site. With Babraham Road and Trumpington being the two nearest Park and Ride sites. The hospital is due to be linked to the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway
Cambridgeshire Guided Busway
The Cambridgeshire Guided Busway , branded the busway , is a public transport scheme connecting the population centres of Cambridge, Huntingdon and St Ives in the English county of Cambridgeshire...

, a guided bus
Guided bus
Guided buses are buses steered for part or all of their route by external means, usually on a dedicated track. This track, which often parallels existing roads, excludes other traffic, permitting the maintenance of reliable schedules on heavily used corridors even during rush hours.Guidance systems...

 scheme currently under construction, scheduled to start operating in 2010.

Bicycle


Various cycle ways lead to Addenbrooke’s hospital and a new cycleway and footpath linking Great Shelford
Great Shelford
Great Shelford is a village located approximately four miles to the south of Cambridge, in the county of Cambridgeshire, in eastern England. In 1850 Great Shelford parish contained intersected by the river Cam. The population in 1841 was 803 people...

 and Addenbrooke’s opened in August 2006, which also marks the 10,000th mile of the National Cycle Network
National Cycle Network
The National Cycle Network is a network of cycle routes in the United Kingdom.The National Cycle Network was created by the charity Sustrans , and aided by a £42.5 million National Lottery grant. In 2005 it was used for over 230 million trips.Many routes hope to minimise contact with motor...

.

Car


Parking is increasingly restricted, as former car parks are being built on, and staff, patients and visitors are encouraged to travel in by bus or bike. A new multi storey car park with 1050 spaces for visitor and patient parking and a further 63 for disabled parking was opened on 17 April 2008. There are generous concessions for patients within the car park and the staff are always willing to help.

Transport remains something of a problem due to the volume of people arriving each day – there are approximately 8,000 car movements each day, but only 3,200 car parking spaces available (as of March 2004). With three proposed developments around the hospital including an extension of the hospital site itself and two residential developments traffic is expected to increase considerably. For this reason work for a new access road from Hauxton Road in Trumpington
Trumpington, Cambridgeshire
Trumpington is a village within the city of Cambridge, UK, of which it is a suburb. It is located on the south-west side of the city and borders Cherry Hinton to the east, Grantchester to the west and Great Shelford and Little Shelford to the south-east....

 to Addenbrooke's Hospital began in July 2007. The £25million new road opened in October 2010 and provides direct access from the M11
M11
M11 or M-11 may be:Aviation* Miles M.11 Whitney Straight, a 1936 two-seater light aircraft* Shvetsov M-11, an aircraft engine produced in the Soviet UnionScience* Messier 11 , an open star cluster also known as the Wild Duck Cluster...

 to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus, home to the hospital. It is expected to handle up to 25,000 journeys per day when nearby residential developments are complete. To avoid the route becoming a rat run for access to other areas of Cambridge, it is fitted with Automatic Number Plate Recognition
Automatic number plate recognition
Automatic number plate recognition is a mass surveillance method that uses optical character recognition on images to read the license plates on vehicles. They can use existing closed-circuit television or road-rule enforcement cameras, or ones specifically designed for the task...

 cameras to monitor traffic entering and leaving the site without stopping, and the police have power to issue Fixed Penalty Notice
Fixed Penalty Notice
Fixed penalty notices were introduced in Britain in the 1950s to deal with minor parking offences. Originally used by police and traffic wardens, their use has extended to other public officials and authorities, as has the range of offences for which they can be used.In recent years, this has...

s to drivers who are not authorised to use the route. Unfortunately, the camber on turns in the road has made it unsuitable for use by ambulances; they still go via Long Road and Trumpington.

Children's Hospital plans


Plans are in place to build a new Children's Hospital on the Addenbrooke's site near to where the current Rosie Maternity hospital is located. Designs and plans will be drawn up over the next two years, with building expected to begin at the end of the decade. It is expected to open in 2013.

Open day


The hospital holds a free open day every two years allowing members of the public to visit areas of the hospital which would usually be inaccessible. The tours are colour coded according to the areas of the hospital they involve.
Some of the tours available include:
  • The Basement Tour (Blue) — Takes place on a moving tug in the basement service corridors, and involves listening to various facts about the hospital buildings and equipment.
  • The Mortuary Tour (Red) — Involves a visit to the hospital's mortuary, with information about the various processes used after death.
  • The Pathology Tour (Purple) — A tour of the pathology laboratories, learning about the causes and treatments of disease.
  • The Sky Tour (Light Blue) — Takes place on the hospital roof, mainly giving information about the surrounding buildings and services.
  • The Theatre Tour (Green) — Involves a visit to one of the operating theatres, learning about the procedures and equipment used during surgery.

Fundraising



Addenbrooke's Charitable Trust (ACT) is the independent registered charity for Addenbrooke's Hospital and its associated hospitals. Its aim is to support and promote the work of Addenbrooke's for the benefit of patients and staff, by raising extra funds to enhance services, facilities and research. ACT is based on site in the Post Graduate Medical Centre opposite A&E.

See also

  • Cambridge Bio-Medical campus
    Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus
    Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus, located at the southwest end of Hills Road on the southern edge of Cambridge, England, is one of the largest centres of health science and medical research in Europe...

  • Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
    Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
    The Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust is one of the United Kingdom's 79 NHS Foundation Trusts.The Trust provides healthcare for people in the Cambridge area, in southeast England...

  • Donald MacAlister
    Donald MacAlister
    Sir Donald MacAlister, 1st Baronet KCB was a physician, and Principal and Vice-Chancellor and, later, Chancellor of the University of Glasgow.- Early life :...

  • Rosie Hospital
  • University of Cambridge Medical School

External links