Abro

Abro

Overview
The Abro, Abra or Abrah , (Sindhi
Sindhi language
Sindhi is the language of the Sindh region of Pakistan that is spoken by the Sindhi people. In India, it is among 22 constitutionally recognized languages, where Sindhis are a sizeable minority. It is spoken by 53,410,910 people in Pakistan, according to the national government's Statistics Division...

 ابڙو), (Arabic أبرهة) is a division of the Samma tribe, found in Sindh
Sindh
Sindh historically referred to as Ba'ab-ul-Islam , is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. It is also locally known as the "Mehran". Though Muslims form the largest religious group in Sindh, a good number of Christians, Zoroastrians and Hindus can...

, Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

 and southern Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

 provinces of Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

.
  • There are also traditions that the Samma are clan of Muslim Rajputs
    Muslim Rajputs
    Muslim Rajputs or Musulman Rajputs are Muslims belonging to the Hindu Rajput Kshatriya groups of Indian subcontinent, who converted to Islam.-History:...

  • Daud  دائود
  • Halepo
  • Jakhro
    Jakhro
    The Jakhro is Sindhi tribe of Sindh, Pakistan. Jakhro is a subdivision of Abro tribe which is driven from Sammat tribe.-Distribution:...

      جكهرو'
  • Masore مسور
  • Gadore گدور
  • Korar كورار
  • Ghotio گهوٹيو
  • Agham'
  • Baqrani باقراني
  • Kehar كيهر
  • Sario سيريو
  • Seelro سيلرو
  • Lalzai لعل زئی
  • Kakepoto [Sawand]sub caste صاوند
  • Markhiani مار.
  • Detha
  • Veesar'ويسر



The period of Samma rule in Sindh is considered a period of literary and cultural heights.
Discussion
Ask a question about 'Abro'
Start a new discussion about 'Abro'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
The Abro, Abra or Abrah , (Sindhi
Sindhi language
Sindhi is the language of the Sindh region of Pakistan that is spoken by the Sindhi people. In India, it is among 22 constitutionally recognized languages, where Sindhis are a sizeable minority. It is spoken by 53,410,910 people in Pakistan, according to the national government's Statistics Division...

 ابڙو), (Arabic أبرهة) is a division of the Samma tribe, found in Sindh
Sindh
Sindh historically referred to as Ba'ab-ul-Islam , is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. It is also locally known as the "Mehran". Though Muslims form the largest religious group in Sindh, a good number of Christians, Zoroastrians and Hindus can...

, Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

 and southern Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

 provinces of Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

.

Origin

  • There are also traditions that the Samma are clan of Muslim Rajputs
    Muslim Rajputs
    Muslim Rajputs or Musulman Rajputs are Muslims belonging to the Hindu Rajput Kshatriya groups of Indian subcontinent, who converted to Islam.-History:...

  • Daud  دائود
  • Halepo
  • Jakhro
    Jakhro
    The Jakhro is Sindhi tribe of Sindh, Pakistan. Jakhro is a subdivision of Abro tribe which is driven from Sammat tribe.-Distribution:...

      جكهرو'
  • Masore مسور
  • Gadore گدور
  • Korar كورار
  • Ghotio گهوٹيو
  • Agham'
  • Baqrani باقراني
  • Kehar كيهر
  • Sario سيريو
  • Seelro سيلرو
  • Lalzai لعل زئی
  • Kakepoto [Sawand]sub caste صاوند
  • Markhiani مار.
  • Detha
  • Veesar'ويسر

Samma Rule



The period of Samma rule in Sindh is considered a period of literary and cultural heights. Two centuries later, the famous Sufi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai
Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai
Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai was a Sindhi Sufi scholar, mystic, saint, poet, and musician. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest poets of the Sindhi language...

 was still singing their praises in `Sur Bilawal': ``When Alauddin came astride his furious elephants, Jam Abro tied his shield and the whole field shone with sabres. The Samma came to the rescue of damsels in distress - and then all was well.

In the ancient Abro tradition, Saam
Saam
Sām , also transliterated Saam, is a mythical hero of ancient Persia, and an important character in the Shahnameh epic. He was the son of Nariman, grandson of Garshasp and father to Zāl. He was Iran's champion during the rule of Fereydun, Manuchehr and Nowzar. He was appointed by Manuchehr to rule...

 (protection) was in vogue. The following contemporary evidence exists. Abro, the protector of Soomra
Soomra
Soomra is a village in Audru Parish, Pärnu County, in southwestern Estonia. It has a population of 47 .Soomra is bordered by the Nätsi-Võlla Nature Reserve on its northeastern side....

 womenfolk in Dastan Dodo-Chanesar
Dodo Bin Khafef Soomro III
Dodo Bin Khafef Soomro III urdu دودو بن خفيف سومرو سوم: Dodo Soomro Was the famous ruler of Sindh.- History :It has been mentioned in a previous chapter that in the year 720 A.H. , Ghází Malak took the army of Sind and Multán to Dehlí, dethroned Khusró Khán the last of the Ghazní kings and...

, says:

Tribal Chiefs


The first Chief of the Abro tribe was Sardar Mir Muhammad Khan Abro, of Abra village (now called Naich) in Larkana District
Larkana District
Larkana or Larkano is a district of Sindh province of Pakistan. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 1,927,066 of which 28.70% were urban. Its main city is Larkana...

, Sindh.
He arranged the construction of the Ghar Waah (Canal) from the Indus River
Indus River
The Indus River is a major river which flows through Pakistan. It also has courses through China and India.Originating in the Tibetan plateau of western China in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar in Tibet Autonomous Region, the river runs a course through the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir and...

 in 1628 AD, which contributed greatly to the local economy.

Family tree


Mir Khan Abro
|
Khabar Abro
|
Mir Khan-Jam Siddique-Khairuddin
|
Allah Wasayo Khan
|
Jalal Khan - Kamal Khan - Mughal Khan
| |
Fatah Khan Mir Khan

Notable people

  • Jam Nizamuddin II
    Jam Nizamuddin II
    Jám Nizámuddín II , جام نظام الدين ثاني ) was the most famous Ruler of the Samma Dynasty, which ruled in Sindh and parts of Punjab and Balochistan from 1351-1551 C.E. He was known by the nickname of Jám Nindó...

     (866–914 AH, 1461–1508 AD): was the most famous Sultan of the Samma Dynasty.
  • Sardar Darya Khan
    Sardar Darya Khan
    Sardar Darya Khan , great Samma commander Darya Khan, the son of Jam Nindo , was the commander of Samma army who commanded the battles against the Arghuns of Qandahar.-Battle of Sibbi:...

     (926 AH, 1519 AD): buried in Gerello, district Larkana, was the commander of Samma army who commanded the battles against the Airguns of Kandahar
    Kandahar
    Kandahar is the second largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 512,200 as of 2011. It is the capital of Kandahar Province, located in the south of the country at about 1,005 m above sea level...

    .
  • Jam Abro (14th century AD): Samma chief, protector of Soomra
    Soomra
    Soomra is a village in Audru Parish, Pärnu County, in southwestern Estonia. It has a population of 47 .Soomra is bordered by the Nätsi-Võlla Nature Reserve on its northeastern side....

     families. Killed Alauddin's son Syed Ghazi Salar.
  • Sardar Ibrahim Khan Abro: Famous Chief of Abro tribe who got Shahadat in the war with Nadir Shah of Iran
    Iran
    Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...

     (1739); his tomb is situated near the city of Bhag as "Brhim abad".
  • Haider Khan Abro: leader in Balochistan who declined a title from the British
    British Empire
    The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

    ; mentioned by Charles Napier
    Charles James Napier
    General Sir Charles James Napier, GCB , was a general of the British Empire and the British Army's Commander-in-Chief in India, notable for conquering the Sindh Province in what is now Pakistan.- His genealogy :...

     in his biography.
  • Jamal Abro
    Jamal Abro
    Jamaluddin Abro, , also known as Jamal Abro was a Sindhi writer. He was born in May 1924 at Sangi, a small village in Mehar Taluka, then part of Dadu District.-Life:...

    : Famous writer.
  • Allama Ali Khan Abro
    Allama Ali Khan Abro
    Allama Ali Khan Abro : was the famous scholar and educationist from Sindh who wrote the Sindhi translation of Quran and intended to give the Qur'an a practical contemporary interpretation also wrote separate translation for non Muslims from the request of Sindh's great freedom fighter Maulana Taj...

    : Scholar.
  • Abdul Ahad Abro (Sitara-E-Imtiaaz, civil award): Ex-Vice Chancellor, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro
    Jamshoro
    Jamshoro is a city in Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan. It is located on the right bank of Indus River, approximately 18 kilometres north-west of the city of Hyderabad and 150 kilometres north-east from the provincial capital Karachi....

    .
  • Professor Dr Muhammad Ishaque Abro Islamic Researcher, Scholar.
  • Engineer Abdul Rasool Abro, Dubai electricity & Water authority, Dubai United Arab Emirates.
  • RASOOL BUX ABRO Rtd. Excise & Taxation Officer Larkana.

See also

  • Samma (tribe)
  • Jamot
    Jamot
    The Jamot is a Sindhi speaking tribe in Balochistan provinces of Pakistan.- Clans :This tribe is mainly divided into many clans including:* Manjhoo* Abro* Airi* Jokhio* Bhangar* Kalhora* Mangrio* Samma* Ansari* Qureshi* Hanbhi- Distribution :...

  • Samma Dynasty
  • Kalhora Empire
    Kalhora
    The Kalhora are of Sindhi origin they trace their origins to a Sindhi warrior named, Sultan Ahmad Kalhora who married a daughter of Raja Rai Dhorang Sahta, receiving much territories as dowry. Amir Fathullah Khan Kalhora, is the recognized ancestor of the dynasty. He conquered the bhangar...

  • Jam Nizamuddin II
    Jam Nizamuddin II
    Jám Nizámuddín II , جام نظام الدين ثاني ) was the most famous Ruler of the Samma Dynasty, which ruled in Sindh and parts of Punjab and Balochistan from 1351-1551 C.E. He was known by the nickname of Jám Nindó...

  • Mian Adam Shah Kalhoro
    Mian Adam Shah Kalhoro
    Mian Adam Shah Kalhoro was the starting Amir who established the Kalhora Dynasty of Sindh.- History :Mian Adam Shah Kalhoro started his career from this small village with the support of the Abro tribe who remained a powerful force behind him. Sardar Khabar Abro, was the first person to enrol as...

  • Main Noor Mohammad Kalhoro
    Main Noor Mohammad Kalhoro
    Miyan Nur Muhammad Kalhoro better known as Nawab Khuda-Yar Khan reigned from 1718 to 1755. Miyan Nur Muhammad Kalhoro succeeded his father with the title of Khuda-Yar Khan...


External links