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or Abd al-Wadids
, or Banu Zayan, is the name of a Berber
Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. They are continuously distributed from the Atlantic to the Siwa oasis, in Egypt, and from the Mediterranean to the Niger River. Historically they spoke the Berber language or varieties of it, which together form a branch...
Zenata were an ethnic group of North Africa, who were technically an Eastern Berber group and who are found in Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco....
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers considered members of the same family. Historians traditionally consider many sovereign states' history within a framework of successive dynasties, e.g., China, Ancient Egypt and the Persian Empire...
in North Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...
. The Zayyanids, whose capital was Tlemcen
Tlemcen is a town in Northwestern Algeria, and the capital of the province of the same name. It is located inland in the center of a region known for its olive plantations and vineyards...
(in modern day Algeria
Algeria , officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria , also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa with Algiers as its capital.In terms of land area, it is the largest country in Africa and the Arab...
) existed from 1235 to 1556. They were also known as Abdalwadid.
List of rulers
- Yghomracen Ibn Zyan 1236-1283 or Abu Yahya I bin Zayyan (1236–1283)
- Abu Said Uthman I 1283-1303 (son of the previous) or Othmane Ibn Yaghmoracen (1283–1304)
- Abu Zayyan I 1303-1308 (son of the previous)
- Abu Hammu I 1308-1318 (brother of the previous)
- Abu Tashufin I 1318-1337 (son of the previous)
The Marinid dynasty or Benemerine dynasty was a Zenata Berber dynasty of Morocco. The Marinid dynasty overtook the Almohads in controlling Morocco in 1244. They controlled most of the Maghreb from the mid-14th century to the 15th century and supported the Kingdom of Granada in Al-Andalus in the...
conquest 1337-1348 (Marinid ruler was Abu al-Hasan Ali)
Second Marinid conquest 1352-1359 (Marinid ruler was Abu Inan
- Abu Said Uthman II 1348-1352 (son of Abu Tashufin I)
- Abu Thabid I (associate) 1348-1352 (brother of Abu Said Uthman II)
Abu Inan Faris was a Marinid ruler. He succeeded his father Abu al-Hasan ibn Uthman as sultan of Morocco in 1348. He died strangled by his vizier in 1358.- History :...
Civil War 1427-1429
- Abu Hammu II Musa
Abu Hammu II was an Abdalwadid Sultan of the Tlemcen in Algeria in the 14th century.Also known as Abu Hammu Musa II he first came to power in Tlemcen and surrounding area with the expulsion of the Merinids in 1359. The following year Abu Hammu was succeeded in power by Abu Zayyan Muhammad II ibn...
ruled in 1359-1360, 1360-1370, 1372-1383, 1384-1387, 1387-1389 (brother of Abu Said Uthman II) Expedition to Bugia
Bugia is either:*A Spanish and Italian name of the presently Algerian port city of Bejaia*The Italian word for a candle, especially used as the name for an additional candle carried by a server standing beside a bishop at some Christian liturgical celebrations carried. It is counted among the...
- Abu Zayyan Muhammad II ibn Uthman ruled in 1360, 1370-1372, 1383-1384 and 1387 during times when Abu Hammu II was forced from power.
- Abu Tashufin II 1389-1393 (son of Abu Hammu I)
- Abu Thabid II 1393 (son of Abu Tashufin I)
- Abul Hadjdjadj I 1393-1394 (brother of the previous)
- Abu Zayyan II 1394-1399 (brother of the previous)
- Abu Muh I 1399-1401 (brother of the previous)
- Abu Abdallah I 1401-1411 (brother of the previous)
- Abd er Rahman I bin Abu Muh 1411 (son of Abu Muh I)
- Said I bin Abu Tashufin 1411 (brother of Abu Muh I)
- Abu Malek I 1411-1423 (brother of Said I)
- Abu Abdallah II 1423-1427 (son of Abd er Rahman I)
Saadid conquest 1543-1544
- Abu Abdallah II (second time) 1429-1430
- Abu Abbas Ahmad I 1430-1461 (son of Abu Thabit II)
- Abu Abdallah III 1461-1468 (son of the previous)
- Abu Tashufin III 1468 (son of the previous)
- Abu Abdallah IV 1468-1504 (brother of the previous)
- Abu Abdallah V 1504-1517 (son of the previous)
- Abu Hammu III 1517-1527 (son of Abu Abbas Ahmad)
- Abu Muh II 1527-1540 (brother of the previous)
- Abu Abdallah VI 1540 (son of the previous)
- Abu Zayyan II 1540-1543 (brother of the previous)
- Abu Zayyan II (second time) 1544-1550
- Al Hassan ben Abu Muh 1550-1556 (brother of the previous)