1946 in literature

1946 in literature

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The year 1946 in literature involved some significant events and new books.

Events

  • November 7 - Walker Percy
    Walker Percy
    Walker Percy was an American Southern author whose interests included philosophy and semiotics. Percy is best known for his philosophical novels set in and around New Orleans, Louisiana, the first of which, The Moviegoer, won the National Book Award for Fiction in 1962...

     marries Mary Bernice Townsend.
  • Launch in the United Kingdom
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     of Penguin Classics under the editorship of E. V. Rieu
    E. V. Rieu
    Emile Victor Rieu CBE was a classicist, publisher and poet, best known for his lucid translations of Homer, as editor of Penguin Classics, and for a modern translation of the four Gospels which evolved from his role as editor of a projected Penguin translation of the Bible...

    , whose translation of the Odyssey
    Odyssey
    The Odyssey is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work ascribed to Homer. The poem is fundamental to the modern Western canon, and is the second—the Iliad being the first—extant work of Western literature...

    is the first published in the series.
  • Animal Farm
    Animal Farm
    Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II...

    by George Orwell
    George Orwell
    Eric Arthur Blair , better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist...

     becomes book of the year in the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    .
  • Frederick Buechner
    Frederick Buechner
    Frederick Buechner is an American writer and theologian. Born July 11, 1926 in New York City, he is an ordained Presbyterian minister and the author of more than thirty published books thus far. His work encompasses different genres, including fiction, autobiography, essays and sermons, and his...

     receives a Bachelor of Arts
    Bachelor of Arts
    A Bachelor of Arts , from the Latin artium baccalaureus, is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, the sciences, or both...

     degree from Princeton University
    Princeton University
    Princeton University is a private research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. The school is one of the eight universities of the Ivy League, and is one of the nine Colonial Colleges founded before the American Revolution....

    .

New books

  • Miguel Ángel Asturias
    Miguel Ángel Asturias
    Miguel Ángel Asturias Rosales was a Nobel Prize–winning Guatemalan poet, novelist, playwright, journalist and diplomat...

     - The President
  • Simone de Beauvoir
    Simone de Beauvoir
    Simone-Ernestine-Lucie-Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir, often shortened to Simone de Beauvoir , was a French existentialist philosopher, public intellectual, and social theorist. She wrote novels, essays, biographies, an autobiography in several volumes, and monographs on philosophy, politics, and...

     - Tous les hommes sont mortels
    All Men are Mortal
    All Men are Mortal is a 1946 novel by Simone de Beauvoir. It tells the story of Raimon Fosca, a man cursed to live forever. The first American edition of this work was published by The World Publishing Company. Cleveland and New York, 1955. It was adapted into a 1995 film.-Plot:Regina is a young...

  • Algernon Blackwood
    Algernon Blackwood
    Algernon Henry Blackwood, CBE was an English short story writer and novelist, one of the most prolific writers of ghost stories in the history of the genre. He was also a journalist and a broadcasting narrator. S. T...

     - The Doll and One Other
    The Doll and One Other
    The Doll and One Other is a collection of two fantasy and horror novelettes by author Algernon Blackwood. It was released in 1946 and was the first publication of either novelette...

  • John Dickson Carr
    John Dickson Carr
    John Dickson Carr was an American author of detective stories, who also published under the pen names Carter Dickson, Carr Dickson and Roger Fairbairn....

    • He Who Whispers
      He Who Whispers
      He Who Whispers is a mystery novel by detective novelist John Dickson Carr. Like Many of the works by this author feature so-called impossible crimes...

    • My Late Wives
      My Late Wives
      My Late Wives is a mystery novel by the American writer John Dickson Carr , who published it under the name of Carter Dickson. It is a whodunnit and features the series detective Sir Henry Merrivale and his long-time associate, Scotland Yard's Chief Inspector Humphrey Masters.-Plot summary:Roger...

      (as by Carter Dickson)
  • Agatha Christie
    Agatha Christie
    Dame Agatha Christie DBE was a British crime writer of novels, short stories, and plays. She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but she is best remembered for her 66 detective novels and 14 short story collections , and her successful West End plays.According to...

     - The Hollow
    The Hollow
    The Hollow is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie and first published in the US by Dodd, Mead and Company in 1946 and in the UK by the Collins Crime Club in November of the same year. The US edition retailed at $2.50 and the UK edition at eight shillings and sixpence...

  • A. E. Coppard
    A. E. Coppard
    Alfred Edgar Coppard was an English writer, noted for his influence on the short story form, and poet.-Life:He was born, the son of a tailor and a housemaid, in Folkestone, and had little formal education...

     - Fearful Pleasures
    Fearful Pleasures
    Fearful Pleasures is a collection of fantasy and horror short stories by author A. E. Coppard. It was released in 1946 and was the first collection of the author's stories to be published by Arkham House...

  • Edmund Crispin
    Edmund Crispin
    Edmund Crispin was the pseudonym of Robert Bruce Montgomery , an English crime writer and composer.-Life and work:Montgomery was born in Chesham Bois, Buckinghamshire...

     - The Moving Toyshop
    The Moving Toyshop
    The Moving Toyshop is a comic crime novel by Edmund Crispin, published in 1946. The novel features the detective and Oxford don, Gervase Fen.It is dedicated to the poet Philip Larkin, Crispin's contemporary at St. John's College, Oxford...

  • Kenneth Fearing
    Kenneth Fearing
    Kenneth Fearing was an American poet, novelist, and founding editor of the Partisan Review. Literary critic Macha Rosenthal called him "the chief poet of the American Depression."-Early life:...

     - The Big Clock
    The Big Clock
    The Big Clock is a 1946 novel by Kenneth Fearing. Published by Harcourt Brace, the thriller was his fourth novel, following three for Random House and five collections of his poetry...

  • Errol Flynn
    Errol Flynn
    Errol Leslie Flynn was an Australian-born actor. He was known for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films, being a legend and his flamboyant lifestyle.-Early life:...

     - Showdown
  • C. S. Forester
    C. S. Forester
    Cecil Scott "C.S." Forester was the pen name of Cecil Louis Troughton Smith , an English novelist who rose to fame with tales of naval warfare. His most notable works were the 11-book Horatio Hornblower series, depicting a Royal Navy officer during the Napoleonic era, and The African Queen...

     - Lord Hornblower
    Lord Hornblower
    Lord Hornblower is a Horatio Hornblower novel written by C. S. Forester.In 1814, Hornblower is delegated to deal with the Flame, a brig full of mutineers off the French coast, near the mouth of the Seine...

  • Pat Frank - Mr. Adam
    Mr. Adam
    Mr. Adam is the first novel written by Pat Frank dealing with the effects of a nuclear mishap causing worldwide male infertility. The work was initially published by J. B. Lippincott Company, but was reprinted once in 1959 by Pocket Books under the title Mr...

  • Stella Gibbons
    Stella Gibbons
    Stella Dorothea Gibbons was an English novelist, journalist, poet, and short-story writer.Her first novel, Cold Comfort Farm, won the Femina Vie Heureuse Prize for 1933...

     - Westwood
  • William Lindsay Gresham
    William Lindsay Gresham
    William Lindsay Gresham was an American novelist and non-fiction author particularly regarded among readers of noir. His best-known work is Nightmare Alley , which was adapted into a 1947 film starring Tyrone Power.- Biography :Gresham was born in Baltimore, Maryland...

     - Nightmare Alley
    Nightmare Alley
    Nightmare Alley is a novel by William Lindsay Gresham. It is a study of the lowest depths of showbiz and its sleazy inhabitants- the dark, shadowy world of a second rate carnival filled with hustlers, scheming grifters, and Machiavellian femme fatales....

  • João Guimarães Rosa
    João Guimarães Rosa
    João Guimarães Rosa was a Brazilian novelist, considered by many to be one of the greatest Brazilian novelists born in the 20th century. His best-known work is the novel Grande Sertão: Veredas...

     - Sagarana
  • Thomas Heggen
    Thomas Heggen
    Thomas Heggen was an American author best known for his 1946 novel Mister Roberts and its adaptations to stage and screen.-Navy service:...

     - Mister Roberts
  • Raymond J. Healy
    Raymond J. Healy
    Raymond John Healy was a pioneering American anthologist who edited four science fiction anthologies from 1946 to 1955, two with J. Francis McComas...

     and J. Francis McComas
    J. Francis McComas
    Jesse Francis McComas was an American science fiction editor. McComas wrote several stories on his own in the 1950s using both his own name and the pseudonym Webb Marlowe....

    , editors - Adventures in Time and Space
    Adventures in time and space
    Adventures in Time and Space was an anthology of science fiction stories edited by Raymond J. Healy and J. Francis McComas and published in 1946. When it was re-released in 1975 by Ballantine Books, Analog book reviewer Lester del Rey referred to it as a book he often gave to people in order to...

  • George Wylie Henderson
    George Wylie Henderson
    George Wylie Henderson was an author of the Harlem Renaissance.He was born in Alabama, and went to the Tuskegee Institute. He published two books, Ollie Miss and Jule, and many short stories in Redbook Magazine....

     - Jule
  • William Hope Hodgson
    William Hope Hodgson
    William Hope Hodgson was an English author. He produced a large body of work, consisting of essays, short fiction, and novels, spanning several overlapping genres including horror, fantastic fiction and science fiction. Early in his writing career he dedicated effort to poetry, although few of his...

     - The House on the Borderland and Other Novels
    The House on the Borderland and Other Novels
    The House on the Borderland and Other Novels is a collection of short novels by author William Hope Hodgson. It was published by Arkham House in 1946 in an edition of 3,014 copies...

  • Robert E. Howard
    Robert E. Howard
    Robert Ervin Howard was an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. Best known for his character Conan the Barbarian, he is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre....

     - Skull-Face and Others
    Skull-Face and Others
    Skull-Face and Others is a collection of fantasy and horror short stories by author Robert E. Howard. It was the author's third book and was published by Arkham House in 1946 in an edition of 3,004 copies....

  • Christopher Isherwood
    Christopher Isherwood
    Christopher William Bradshaw Isherwood was an English-American novelist.-Early life and work:Born at Wyberslegh Hall, High Lane, Cheshire in North West England, Isherwood spent his childhood in various towns where his father, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the British Army, was stationed...

     - The Berlin Stories
    The Berlin Stories
    The Berlin Stories is a book consisting of two short novels by Christopher Isherwood: Goodbye to Berlin and Mr Norris Changes Trains. It was published in 1945....

  • Nikos Kazantzakis
    Nikos Kazantzakis
    Nikos Kazantzakis was a Greek writer and philosopher, celebrated for his novel Zorba the Greek, considered his magnum opus...

     - Zorba the Greek
    Zorba the Greek (novel)
    Zorba the Greek is a novel written by the Greek author Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1946. It is the tale of a young Greek intellectual who ventures to escape his bookish life with the aid of the boisterous and mysterious Alexis Zorba...

  • Arthur Koestler
    Arthur Koestler
    Arthur Koestler CBE was a Hungarian author and journalist. Koestler was born in Budapest and, apart from his early school years, was educated in Austria...

     - Thieves in the Night
    Thieves in the Night
    Thieves in the Night : Chronicle of an Experiment is a novel by Arthur Koestler written in 1946. Originally intended to be the first of a trilogy, Koestler later concluded that the book stood well enough on its own for further novels to be redundant....

  • Philip Larkin
    Philip Larkin
    Philip Arthur Larkin, CH, CBE, FRSL is widely regarded as one of the great English poets of the latter half of the twentieth century...

     - Jill
    Jill (novel)
    Jill is a novel by English writer Philip Larkin, first published in 1946 by The Fortune Press, and reprinted by Faber & Faber in 1964. It was written between 1943 and 1944, when Larkin was twenty-one years old and an undergraduate at St John's College, Oxford.The novel is set in the wartime Oxford...

    .
  • Madeleine L'Engle
    Madeleine L'Engle
    Madeleine L'Engle was an American writer best known for her young-adult fiction, particularly the Newbery Medal-winning A Wrinkle in Time and its sequels A Wind in the Door, A Swiftly Tilting Planet, Many Waters, and An Acceptable Time...

     - Ilsa
    Ilsa (novel)
    Ilsa is a 1946 novel by Madeleine L'Engle. Its significance lies largely in its rarity, the book having been out of print for nearly sixty years. It was the author's second novel, published a year after The Small Rain.- Bibliographical data :...

  • Lois Lenski
    Lois Lenski
    Lois Lenski was a popular and prolific American writer of children's and young adult fiction.One of her projects was a collection of regional novels about children across the United States...

     - Strawberry Girl
    Strawberry Girl
    Strawberry Girl is a Newbery medal winning novel written and illustrated by Lois Lenski. It was first published in 1945.Set in the U.S. state of Florida in the early 20th century, the story deals with two families, the Boyers and the Slaters. The Boyers move to Florida to raise strawberries...

  • Frank Belknap Long
    Frank Belknap Long
    Frank Belknap Long was a prolific American writer of horror fiction, fantasy, science fiction, poetry, gothic romance, comic books, and non-fiction. Though his writing career spanned seven decades, he is best known for his horror and science fiction short stories, including early contributions to...

     - The Hounds of Tindalos
    The Hounds of Tindalos (book)
    The Hounds of Tindalos is a collection of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories by author Frank Belknap Long. It was released in 1946 and was the author's third book...

  • W. Somerset Maugham
    W. Somerset Maugham
    William Somerset Maugham , CH was an English playwright, novelist and short story writer. He was among the most popular writers of his era and, reputedly, the highest paid author during the 1930s.-Childhood and education:...

     - Then and Now
  • Carson McCullers
    Carson McCullers
    Carson McCullers was an American writer. She wrote novels, short stories, and two plays, as well as essays and some poetry. Her first novel The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter explores the spiritual isolation of misfits and outcasts of the South...

     - Member of the Wedding
  • Oscar Micheaux
    Oscar Micheaux
    Oscar Devereaux Micheaux was an American author, film director and independent producer of more than 44 films...

     - The Story Of Dorothy Stanfield
  • Mervyn Peake
    Mervyn Peake
    Mervyn Laurence Peake was an English writer, artist, poet and illustrator. He is best known for what are usually referred to as the Gormenghast books. They are sometimes compared to the work of his older contemporary J. R. R...

     - Titus Groan, first of the Gormenghast series
    Gormenghast (series)
    The Gormenghast series comprises three novels by Mervyn Peake, featuring Castle Gormenghast, and Titus Groan, the title character of the first book.-Works in the series:...

    .
  • Ann Lane Petty - The Street
    The Street (novel)
    The Street is an African-American novel by Ann Petry that was published in 1946. Set in Harlem in the 1940s, it centers on the life of Lutie Johnson...

  • Anya Seton
    Anya Seton
    Anya Seton was the pen name of Ann Seton, an American author of historical romances.-Biography:...

     - The Turquoise
    The Turquoise (novel)
    The Turquoise is a novel, written by the American author Anya Seton which was first published in 1946.It is a fictional story of the life of Fey Cameron set against an historical background of the United States and New York society in the mid 19th century.The book focuses on Fey Cameron, from her...

  • Rex Stout
    Rex Stout
    Rex Todhunter Stout was an American writer noted for his detective fiction. Stout is best known as the creator of the larger-than-life fictional detective Nero Wolfe, described by reviewer Will Cuppy as "that Falstaff of detectives." Wolfe's assistant Archie Goodwin recorded the cases of the...

     - The Silent Speaker
    The Silent Speaker
    The Silent Speaker is a Nero Wolfe detective novel by Rex Stout, first published by the Viking Press in 1946. It was published just after World War II, and key plot elements reflect the lingering effects of the war: housing shortages and restrictions on consumer goods, including government...

  • Phoebe Atwood Taylor
    Phoebe Atwood Taylor
    Phoebe Atwood Taylor was an American mystery author.Phoebe Atwood Taylor wrote mystery novels under her own name, and as Freeman Dana and Alice Tilton. Her first novel, The Cape Cod Mystery, introduced the "Codfish Sherlock", Asey Mayo, who became a series character appearing in 24 novels...

    • The Asey Mayo Trio
    • Punch with Care
  • Charles Tazewell
    Charles Tazewell
    Charles Tazewell was the author of the children's book The Small One, which The Walt Disney Company adapted into the animated short of the same name in 1978. In 1939 he wrote an unproduced radio script The Littlest Angel, which was published in book form in 1946 and adapted as a musical TV drama...

     - The Littlest Angel
  • A. E. van Vogt
    A. E. van Vogt
    Alfred Elton van Vogt was a Canadian-born science fiction author regarded by some as one of the most popular and complex science fiction writers of the mid-twentieth century: the "Golden Age" of the genre....

     - Slan
    Slan
    Slan is a science fiction novel written by A. E. van Vogt, as well as the name of the fictional race of superbeings featured in the novel. The novel was originally serialized in the magazine Astounding Science Fiction . It was subsequently published in hardcover in 1946 by Arkham House, in an...

  • Boris Vian
    Boris Vian
    Boris Vian was a French polymath: writer, poet, musician, singer, translator, critic, actor, inventor and engineer. He is best remembered today for his novels. Those published under the pseudonym Vernon Sullivan were bizarre parodies of criminal fiction, highly controversial at the time of their...

     - I Spit On Your Grave
    I Spit On Your Grave
    Day of the Woman is a 1978 controversial rape revenge film. The film received a limited release, with a wider release in 1980. Prominent film critics condemned the film for its graphic violence and lengthy depictions of gang rape, and the motion picture remains controversial to this day...

  • H. Russell Wakefield
    H. Russell Wakefield
    Herbert Russell Wakefield was an English short story writer, novelist, publisher, and civil servant chiefly remembered today for his ghost stories.-Life:...

     - The Clock Strikes Twelve
    The Clock Strikes Twelve
    The Clock Strikes Twelve is a collection of stories by author H. Russell Wakefield. It was released in 1946 and was the first collection of the author's stories to be published by Arkham House...

  • Robert Penn Warren
    Robert Penn Warren
    Robert Penn Warren was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic and was one of the founders of New Criticism. He was also a charter member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. He founded the influential literary journal The Southern Review with Cleanth Brooks in 1935...

     - All the King's Men
    All the King's Men
    All the King's Men is a novel by Robert Penn Warren first published in 1946. Its title is drawn from the nursery rhyme Humpty Dumpty. In 1947 Warren won the Pulitzer Prize for All the King's Men....

  • Eudora Welty
    Eudora Welty
    Eudora Alice Welty was an American author of short stories and novels about the American South. Her novel The Optimist's Daughter won the Pulitzer Prize in 1973. Welty was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, among numerous awards. She was the first living author to have her works published...

     - Delta Wedding
  • Henry S. Whitehead
    Henry S. Whitehead
    Rev. Henry St. Clair Whitehead was an American writer of horror fiction and fantasy.- Biography :Henry S. Whitehead was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey on March 5, 1882. He graduated from Harvard University in 1904. He led an active and worldly life, playing football at Harvard...

     - West India Lights
    West India Lights
    West India Lights is a collection of fantasy and horror short stories by author Henry S. Whitehead. It was released in 1946 and was the second collection of the author's stories to be published by Arkham House...

  • Ivan Yefremov - The Land of Foam
    The Land of Foam
    The Land of Foam also known as At the Edge of Oikoumene and Great Arc is a novel written by the Soviet writer Ivan Yefremov in 1946.-Plot summary:...


New drama


  • Eduardo De Filippo
    Eduardo De Filippo
    Eduardo De Filippo was an Italian actor, playwright, screenwriter, author and poet, best known for his Neapolitan works Filumena Marturano and Napoli Milionaria.-Biography:...

     - Filumena Marturano
    Filumena Marturano
    Filumena Marturano is a play written in 1946 by Italian playwright and philosopher Eduardo De Filippo.-Plot:The curtain opens on Domenico Soriano, 50, a wealthy Neapolitan shop-keeper who is raging against Filumena, 48, a former prostitute...

  • Eugene O'Neill
    Eugene O'Neill
    Eugene Gladstone O'Neill was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into American drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish...

     - The Iceman Cometh
    The Iceman Cometh
    The Iceman Cometh is a play written by American playwright Eugene O'Neill in 1939. First published in 1940 the play premiered on Broadway at the Martin Beck Theatre on 9 October 1946, directed by Eddie Dowling where it ran for 136 performances to close on 15 March 1947.-Characters:* Night Hawk-...

  • J. B. Priestley
    J. B. Priestley
    John Boynton Priestley, OM , known as J. B. Priestley, was an English novelist, playwright and broadcaster. He published 26 novels, notably The Good Companions , as well as numerous dramas such as An Inspector Calls...

     - An Inspector Calls
    An Inspector Calls
    An Inspector Calls is a play written by English dramatist J. B. Priestley, first performed in 1945 in the Soviet Union and 1946 in the UK. It is considered to be one of Priestley's best known works for the stage and one of the classics of mid-20th century English theatre...

  • Terence Rattigan
    Terence Rattigan
    Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan CBE was one of England's most popular 20th-century dramatists. His plays are generally set in an upper-middle-class background...

     - The Winslow Boy
    The Winslow Boy
    thumb|1st edition cover The Winslow Boy is an English play from 1946 by Terence Rattigan based on an actual incident in the Edwardian era, which took place at the Royal Naval College, Osborne.-Performance History:...


Non-fiction

  • R. G. Collingwood
    R. G. Collingwood
    Robin George Collingwood was a British philosopher and historian. He was born at Cartmel, Grange-over-Sands in Lancashire, the son of the academic W. G. Collingwood, and was educated at Rugby School and at University College, Oxford, where he read Greats...

     - The Idea of History (posthumously collected lectures)
  • Jean Genet
    Jean Genet
    Jean Genet was a prominent and controversial French novelist, playwright, poet, essayist, and political activist. Early in his life he was a vagabond and petty criminal, but later took to writing...

     - Miracle de la rose
  • Benjamin Spock
    Benjamin Spock
    Benjamin McLane Spock was an American pediatrician whose book Baby and Child Care, published in 1946, is one of the biggest best-sellers of all time. Its message to mothers is that "you know more than you think you do."Spock was the first pediatrician to study psychoanalysis to try to understand...

     - The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care
    The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care
    -External links:...


Births

  • August 29 - Leona Gom
    Leona Gom
    Leona Gom is a Canadian poet and novelist. Born on an isolated farm in northern Alberta, she received her B.Ed. and M.A. from the University of Alberta in Edmonton...

    , author
  • September 26 - Andrea Dworkin
    Andrea Dworkin
    Andrea Rita Dworkin was an American radical feminist and writer best known for her criticism of pornography, which she argued was linked to rape and other forms of violence against women....

    , author
  • October 1 - Tim O'Brien
    Tim O'Brien (author)
    Tim O'Brien is an American novelist who often writes about his experiences in the Vietnam War and the impact the war had on the American servicemen who fought there...

    , novelist
  • October 20 - Elfriede Jelinek
    Elfriede Jelinek
    Elfriede Jelinek is an Austrian playwright and novelist. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2004 for her "musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that, with extraordinary linguistic zeal, reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power."-...

    , author
  • October 28 - Sharon Thesen
    Sharon Thesen
    Sharon Thesen is a Canadian poet who lives in Lake Country, British Columbia. She teaches at UBC-O.In 2003, Thesen was a judge for the Griffin Poetry Prize.-Bibliography:*Artemis Hates Romance - 1980...

    , poet
  • November 7 - Diane Francis
    Diane Francis
    Diane Francis is a Canadian journalist, author, and editor-at-large for the National Post newspaper since 1998. She was previously the Editor of the Financial Post from 1991 to 1998, when it was taken over by the National Post and incorporated into it...

    , Canadian journalist and author
  • November 18 - Alan Dean Foster
    Alan Dean Foster
    Alan Dean Foster is an American author of fantasy and science fiction. He currently resides in Prescott, Arizona, with his wife, and is also known for his novelizations of film scripts...

    , science fiction author
  • December 11 - Ellen Meloy
    Ellen Meloy
    Ellen Meloy was an American nature writer.-Life:She graduated from Goucher College with a degree in art, and from the University of Montana with a master's degree in environmental studies...

    , author

Deaths

  • March 1 - Adriana Porter
    Adriana Porter
    Adriana Porter was an alleged witch.Porter's notability rests on a poem, The Rede of the Wiccae, which was published by her granddaughter Lady Gwen Thompson in Green Egg magazine in 1975 and attributed to her...

    , Wiccan poet
  • March 19 - Catherine Carswell
    Catherine Carswell
    Catherine Roxburgh Carswell was a Scottish author, biographer and journalist, now known as one of the few women who took part in the Scottish Renaissance...

    , novelist and biographer
  • April 1 - Edward Sheldon
    Edward Sheldon
    Edward Brewster Sheldon was an American dramatist. His plays include Salvation Nell and Romance , which was made into a motion picture with Greta Garbo....

    , dramatist
  • May 19 - Booth Tarkington
    Booth Tarkington
    Booth Tarkington was an American novelist and dramatist best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning novels The Magnificent Ambersons and Alice Adams...

    , novelist and dramatist
  • May 25 - Ernest Rhys
    Ernest Rhys
    Ernest Percival Rhys was an English writer, best known for his role as founding editor of the Everyman's Library series of affordable classics. He wrote essays, stories, poetry, novels and plays...

    , founder of the Everyman series
  • June 2 - Carrie Ingalls
    Carrie Ingalls
    Caroline Celestia "Carrie" Ingalls Swanzey was the third child of Charles and Caroline Ingalls, and was born in Montgomery County, Kansas...

    , newspaper worker and sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder
    Laura Ingalls Wilder
    Laura Elizabeth Ingalls Wilder was an American author who wrote the Little House series of books based on her childhood in a pioneer family...

  • July 8 - Orrick Glenday Johns
    Orrick Glenday Johns
    Orrick Glenday Johns was an American poet and playwright and was part of the literary group that included T. S. Eliot, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Ernest Hemingway. He was active in the Communist Party....

    , poet & playwright
  • July 22 - Edward Sperling
    Edward Sperling
    Edward J Sperling , born Ezra Sperling, was a 20th century writer, humourist, and Zionist.-Early life:Ezra Sperling was born in 1889 in a Jewish community in Slutzk, Belarus, then part of the Russian Empire...

    , humorist
  • July 27 - Gertrude Stein
    Gertrude Stein
    Gertrude Stein was an American writer, poet and art collector who spent most of her life in France.-Early life:...

    , poet and dramatist
  • August 13 - H. G. Wells
    H. G. Wells
    Herbert George Wells was an English author, now best known for his work in the science fiction genre. He was also a prolific writer in many other genres, including contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, even writing text books and rules for war games...

    , ground-breaking science fiction novelist
  • August 31 - Harley Granville-Barker
    Harley Granville-Barker
    Harley Granville-Barker was an English actor-manager, director, producer, critic and playwright....

    , actor, dramatist and critic
  • November 14 - May Sinclair
    May Sinclair
    May Sinclair was the pseudonym of Mary Amelia St. Clair , a popular British writer who wrote about two dozen novels, short stories and poetry. She was an active suffragist, and member of the Woman Writers' Suffrage League...

    , novelist

Awards

  • Carnegie Medal
    Carnegie Medal
    The Carnegie Medal is a literary award established in 1936 in honour of Scottish philanthropist Andrew Carnegie and given annually to an outstanding book for children and young adults. It is awarded by the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals...

     for children's literature
    Children's literature
    Children's literature is for readers and listeners up to about age twelve; it is often defined in four different ways: books written by children, books written for children, books chosen by children, or books chosen for children. It is often illustrated. The term is used in senses which sometimes...

    : Elizabeth Goudge
    Elizabeth Goudge
    Elizabeth de Beauchamp Goudge was an English author of novels, short stories and children's books as Elizabeth Goudge...

    , The Little White Horse
    The Little White Horse
    The Little White Horse is a children's fantasy novel by Elizabeth Goudge which won the 1946 Carnegie Medal for children's literature. The original edition was illustrated by C. Walter Hodges...

  • James Tait Black Memorial Prize
    James Tait Black Memorial Prize
    Founded in 1919, the James Tait Black Memorial Prizes are among the oldest and most prestigious book prizes awarded for literature written in the English language and are Britain's oldest literary awards...

     for fiction: Oliver Onions
    Oliver Onions
    George Oliver Onions was a significant English novelist who published over forty novels and story collections. Originally trained as a commercial artist, he worked as a designer of posters and books, and as a magazine illustrator, before starting his career in writing...

    , Poor Man's Tapestry
  • James Tait Black Memorial Prize
    James Tait Black Memorial Prize
    Founded in 1919, the James Tait Black Memorial Prizes are among the oldest and most prestigious book prizes awarded for literature written in the English language and are Britain's oldest literary awards...

     for biography: Richard Aldington
    Richard Aldington
    Richard Aldington , born Edward Godfree Aldington, was an English writer and poet.Aldington was best known for his World War I poetry, the 1929 novel, Death of a Hero, and the controversy arising from his 1955 Lawrence of Arabia: A Biographical Inquiry...

    , Wellington
    Wellington
    Wellington is the capital city and third most populous urban area of New Zealand, although it is likely to have surpassed Christchurch due to the exodus following the Canterbury Earthquake. It is at the southwestern tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Rimutaka Range...

  • Newbery Medal
    Newbery Medal
    The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association . The award is given to the author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children. The award has been given since 1922. ...

     for children's literature
    Children's literature
    Children's literature is for readers and listeners up to about age twelve; it is often defined in four different ways: books written by children, books written for children, books chosen by children, or books chosen for children. It is often illustrated. The term is used in senses which sometimes...

    : Lois Lenski
    Lois Lenski
    Lois Lenski was a popular and prolific American writer of children's and young adult fiction.One of her projects was a collection of regional novels about children across the United States...

    , Strawberry Girl
    Strawberry Girl
    Strawberry Girl is a Newbery medal winning novel written and illustrated by Lois Lenski. It was first published in 1945.Set in the U.S. state of Florida in the early 20th century, the story deals with two families, the Boyers and the Slaters. The Boyers move to Florida to raise strawberries...

  • Nobel Prize for literature: Hermann Hesse
    Hermann Hesse
    Hermann Hesse was a German-Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. In 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature...

  • Premio Nadal
    Premio Nadal
    Premio Nadal is a Spanish literary prize awarded annually by the publishing house Ediciones Destino, part of Planeta. It has been awarded every year on January 6 since 1944...

    : José María Gironella
    José María Gironella
    José María Gironella Pous was a Catalan and Spanish author best known for his fictional work The Cypresses Believe in God published in Spain in 1953, and translated into English by Harriet De Onís in 1955...

    , Un hombre
  • Pulitzer Prize for Drama
    Pulitzer Prize for Drama
    The Pulitzer Prize for Drama was first awarded in 1918.From 1918 to 2006, the Drama Prize was unlike the majority of the other Pulitzer Prizes: during these years, the eligibility period for the drama prize ran from March 2 to March 1, to reflect the Broadway 'season' rather than the calendar year...

    : Russel Crouse
    Russel Crouse
    Russel Crouse was an American playwright and librettist, best known for his work in the Broadway writing partnership of Lindsay and Crouse.-Life and career:...

    , Howard Lindsay
    Howard Lindsay
    Howard Lindsay was an American theatrical producer, playwright, librettist, director and actor. He is best known for his writing work as part of the collaboration of Lindsay and Crouse, and for his performance, with his wife Dorothy Stickney, in the long-running play Life with...

    , State of the Union
    State of the Union (play)
    State of the Union is a play by American playwrights Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay about a fictional Republican presidential candidate. The play premiered on November 14, 1945 at the Hudson Theatre on Broadway, ran for 765 performances, and closed on September 13, 1947...

  • Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
    Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
    The Pulitzer Prize in Poetry has been presented since 1922 for a distinguished volume of original verse by an American author. However, special citations for poetry were presented in 1918 and 1919.-Winners:...

    : no award given
  • Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: no award given