1922 census of Palestine

1922 census of Palestine

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The 1922 census of Palestine was the first census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

 carried out by the authorities of the British Mandate of Palestine, on 23 October 1922.

The reported population was 757,182, including the military and persons of foreign nationality. The division into religious groups was 590,390 Muslims, 83,694 Jews, 73,024 Christians, 7,028 Druze, 1,454 Hindus, 808 Sikhs, 265 Bahais, 156 Metawalis, and 163 Samaritans.

Operation


Censuses carried out by the Ottoman government, most recently in 1914, had been for the purpose of imposing taxation or locating men for military service. For this reason the announcement of a census was unpopular and effort was made in advance to reassure the population. This was believed to be successful except in the case of the bedouin
Bedouin
The Bedouin are a part of a predominantly desert-dwelling Arab ethnic group traditionally divided into tribes or clans, known in Arabic as ..-Etymology:...

 of the Beersheva district, who refused to cooperate. A large number of census gatherers, supervised by 296 Revising Operators and Enumerators, visited each dwelling, with special arrangements made for persons having no fixed address. Where possible, houses were visited by a census taker of the same religion as the occupants.

The uncooperative bedouin of the Southern District were counted approximately using counts of households and tithe records, leading to an estimate of 72,898 persons for that sector.

A number of villages in the northern border area were not enumerated as they were still under French control, despite being in Palestine according to the Franco-British boundary agreement (1920)
Franco-British Boundary Agreement (1920)
The Franco-British Boundary Agreement of 1920, properly called the Franco-British Convention on Certain Points Connected with the Mandates for Syria and the Lebanon, Palestine and Mesopotamia, was an agreement signed between the British and French governments in Paris, on 23 December 1920...

.

Publication


A summary of the census results was published in one volume:
(58 pages)

It contains the population of each village divided by religion and sex, and summaries for each district and the whole country. There are also tables with population counts according to Christian demonination, age, marital status, and language.

See also

  • 1931 census of Palestine
    1931 census of Palestine
    The 1931 census of Palestine was the second census carried out by the authorities of the British Mandate of Palestine. It was carried out on 18 November 1931 under the direction of Major E. Mills. The first census had been conducted in 1922...

  • Report on Immigration, Land Settlement and Development, Cmd. 3686