1880 in literature

1880 in literature

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The year 1880 in literature involved some significant new books.

New books

  • Henry Adams - Democracy: An American Novel
    Democracy: An American Novel
    Democracy: An American Novel is a political novel written by Henry Brooks Adams and published anonymously in 1880. Only after the writer's death in 1918 did his publisher reveal Adams's authorship although, upon publication, the novel had immediately become popular...

    (published anonymously)
  • Rhoda Broughton
    Rhoda Broughton
    Rhoda Broughton was a novelist.-Life:Rhoda Broughton was born in Denbigh in North Wales on 29 November 1840. She was the daughter of the Rev. Delves Broughton youngest son of the Rev. Sir Henry Delves-Broughton, 8th baronet. She developed a taste for literature, especially poetry, as a young girl...

     - Second Thoughts
  • Wilkie Collins
    Wilkie Collins
    William Wilkie Collins was an English novelist, playwright, and author of short stories. He was very popular during the Victorian era and wrote 30 novels, more than 60 short stories, 14 plays, and over 100 non-fiction pieces...

     - Jezebel's Daughter
  • Carlo Collodi
    Carlo Collodi
    Carlo Lorenzini , better known by the pen name Carlo Collodi, was an Italian children's writer known for the world-renowned fairy tale novel, The Adventures of Pinocchio.-Biography:...

     - Pinocchio
    Pinocchio
    The Adventures of Pinocchio is a novel for children by Italian author Carlo Collodi, written in Florence. The first half was originally a serial between 1881 and 1883, and then later completed as a book for children in February 1883. It is about the mischievous adventures of Pinocchio , an...

  • Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
    Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
    Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS, was a British Prime Minister, parliamentarian, Conservative statesman and literary figure. Starting from comparatively humble origins, he served in government for three decades, twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom...

     - Endymion
    Endymion (Disraeli)
    Endymion is a novel published in 1880 by Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, the former Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. It was the last novel Disraeli published before his death...

  • Fyodor Dostoevsky
    Fyodor Dostoevsky
    Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky was a Russian writer of novels, short stories and essays. He is best known for his novels Crime and Punishment, The Idiot and The Brothers Karamazov....

     - The Brothers Karamazov
    The Brothers Karamazov
    The Brothers Karamazov is the final novel by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Dostoyevsky spent nearly two years writing The Brothers Karamazov, which was published as a serial in The Russian Messenger and completed in November 1880...

  • Evelyn Everett-Green
    Evelyn Everett-Green
    Evelyn Ward Everett-Green was an English novelist who started her writing career with improving and pious stories for children, and later wrote historical fiction for older girls, and then adult romantic fiction.She wrote about 350 books: more than 200 under her own name, and others using the...

     - Tom Tempest's Victory
  • George Gissing
    George Gissing
    George Robert Gissing was an English novelist who published twenty-three novels between 1880 and 1903. From his early naturalistic works, he developed into one of the most accomplished realists of the late-Victorian era.-Early life:...

     - Workers in the Dawn
  • Percy Greg
    Percy Greg
    Percy Greg , son of William Rathbone Greg, was an English writer....

     - Across The Zodiac
    Across The Zodiac
    Across the Zodiac: The Story of a Wrecked Record is a science fiction novel by Percy Greg, who has been credited as an originator of the Sword and planet sub-genre of science fiction.- Plot :...

  • Anna Katharine Green
    Anna Katharine Green
    Anna Katharine Green was an American poet and novelist. She was one of the first writers of detective fiction in America and distinguished herself by writing well plotted, legally accurate stories.-Life and work:...

     - A Strange Disappearance
  • Thomas Hardy
    Thomas Hardy
    Thomas Hardy, OM was an English novelist and poet. While his works typically belong to the Naturalism movement, several poems display elements of the previous Romantic and Enlightenment periods of literature, such as his fascination with the supernatural.While he regarded himself primarily as a...

     - The Trumpet-Major
    The Trumpet-Major
    The Trumpet-Major is a novel by Thomas Hardy published in 1880.The heroine, Anne Garland, is pursued by three suitors: John Loveday, the trumpet major in a British regiment, honest and loyal; his brother Bob, a flighty sailor; and Festus Derriman, the cowardly nephew of the local squire.The setting...

  • Ouida
    Ouida
    Ouida was the pseudonym of the English novelist Maria Louise Ramé .-Biography:...

      - Moths
  • Johanna Spyri
    Johanna Spyri
    Johanna Spyri was an author of children's stories, and is best known for her book Heidi. Born Johanna Louise Heusser in the rural area of Hirzel, Switzerland, as a child she spent several summers in the area around Chur in Graubünden, the setting she later would use in her novels.-Biography:In...

     - Heidi's Formative Years
  • Anthony Trollope
    Anthony Trollope
    Anthony Trollope was one of the most successful, prolific and respected English novelists of the Victorian era. Some of his best-loved works, collectively known as the Chronicles of Barsetshire, revolve around the imaginary county of Barsetshire...

     - Ayala's Angel
    Ayala's Angel
    Ayala's Angel is a novel written by English author Anthony Trollope, written between 25 April and 24 September 1878, although it was not published for two years...

  • Mark Twain
    Mark Twain
    Samuel Langhorne Clemens , better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist...

     - A Tramp Abroad
    A Tramp Abroad
    A Tramp Abroad is a work of non-fiction travel literature by American author Mark Twain, published in 1880. The book details a journey by the author, with his friend Harris , through central and southern Europe...

  • Jules Verne
    Jules Verne
    Jules Gabriel Verne was a French author who pioneered the science fiction genre. He is best known for his novels Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea , A Journey to the Center of the Earth , and Around the World in Eighty Days...

     - The Steam House
    The Steam House
    The Steam House is a Jules Verne novel recounting the travels of a group of British colonists in the Raj in a wheeled house pulled by a steam-powered mechanical elephant...

  • Lew Wallace
    Lew Wallace
    Lewis "Lew" Wallace was an American lawyer, Union general in the American Civil War, territorial governor and statesman, politician and author...

      - Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ
    Ben-Hur (novel)
    Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ is a novel by Lew Wallace published on November 12, 1880 by Harper & Brothers. Considered "the most influential Christian book of the nineteenth century", it was the best-selling American novel from the time of its publication, superseding Harriet Beecher Stowe's...

  • Emile Zola
    Émile Zola
    Émile François Zola was a French writer, the most important exemplar of the literary school of naturalism and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism...

     - Nana
    Nana (novel)
    Nana is a novel by the French naturalist author Émile Zola. Completed in 1880, Nana is the ninth installment in the 20-volume Les Rougon-Macquart series, the object of which was to tell "The Natural and Social History of a Family under the Second Empire", the subtitle of the series.-Origins:A year...


Births

  • February 21 - Waldemar Bonsels
    Waldemar Bonsels
    Waldemar Bonsels was a German writer of children's books.Waldemar Bonsels wrote only one children's book in the strict sense, Die Biene Maja . "People in the sky" is not a proper children's book but has a much deeper mystical layer showing the unity of all creation and its relationship to God...

    , writer (d. 1952
    1952 in literature
    The year 1952, in literature involved some significant events and new literary publications.-Events:*J. L. Carr takes over as headmaster of Highfields Primary School, Kettering, which will eventually furnish the subject matter for his novel, The Harpole Report.*November 25 - Agatha Christie's play...

    )
  • March 13 - Frank Thiess
    Frank Thiess
    Frank Thiess was a German writer.-Biography:Born in Eluisenstein, Russian Livonia , Thiess grew up in Berlin, where his family moved after Russia had annexed Livonia. He worked as a journalist for four years until he was enlisted into the German army in World War I...

    , writer (d. 1977
    1977 in literature
    The year 1977 in literature involved some significant events and new books.-Events:*Douglas Adams begins writing for BBC radio.*V. S. Naipaul declines the offer of a CBE....

    )
  • March 30 - Sean O'Casey
    Seán O'Casey
    Seán O'Casey was an Irish dramatist and memoirist. A committed socialist, he was the first Irish playwright of note to write about the Dublin working classes.- Early life:...

    , dramatist (d. 1964
    1964 in literature
    The year 1964 in literature involved some significant events and new books.-Events:*Jean-Paul Sartre becomes head of the Organization to Defend Iranian Political Prisoners....

    )
  • June 17 - Carl Van Vechten
    Carl van Vechten
    Carl Van Vechten was an American writer and photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein.-Biography:...

    , writer (d. 1964
    1964 in literature
    The year 1964 in literature involved some significant events and new books.-Events:*Jean-Paul Sartre becomes head of the Organization to Defend Iranian Political Prisoners....

    )
  • July 10 - Greye La Spina
    Greye La Spina
    Greye La Spina was an American writer who published over one hundred short stories, serials, novelettes, one-act plays and short stories....

    , writer (d. 1969
    1969 in literature
    The year 1969 in literature involved some significant events and new books.-Events:* The first Booker Prize is awarded.* "Penelope Ashe", author of the bestselling novel Naked Came the Stranger, is found to be several people who each took a turn writing a chapter of what they described as "junk" in...

    )
  • November 6 - Robert Musil
    Robert Musil
    Robert Musil was an Austrian writer. His unfinished long novel The Man Without Qualities is generally considered to be one of the most important modernist novels...

    , novelist (d. 1942
    1942 in literature
    The year 1942 in literature involved some significant events and new books.-Events:*André Gide leaves France to live in Tunis.*Robertson Davies becomes editor of the Peterborough Examiner.*Thomas Mann emigrates to California....

    )

Deaths

  • February 12 - Karl Eduard von Holtei
    Karl Eduard von Holtei
    Karl Eduard von Holtei was a German poet and actor.-Life and career:Karl Eduard von Holtei was born at Breslau, the son of an officer of Hussars...

    , poet and dramatist (b. 1798
    1798 in literature
    -New books:*Charles Brockden Brown**Alcuin: a Dialogue**Wieland: or, The Transformation; an American Tale*Emily Clark - Ianthé, or the Flower of Caernarvon*William Godwin - Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman...

    )
  • February 17 - James Lenox
    James Lenox
    James Lenox was an American bibliophile and philanthropist. His collection of paintings and books eventually became known as the Lenox Library and later became part of the New York Public Library in 1895.-Biography:...

    , bibliophile (b. 1800
    1800 in literature
    The year 1800 in literature involved some significant events and new books.-Events:* The United States creates the Library of Congress.* January 10 – The Serampore Mission and Press is established in Serampore India by Baptist missionaries Joshua Marshman and William Ward...

    )
  • April 16 - Edward Vaughan Hyde Kenealy
    Edward Vaughan Hyde Kenealy
    Edward Vaughan Hyde Kenealy QC , was an Irish barrister and writer. He is best remembered as counsel for the Tichborne claimant and the eccentric and disturbed conduct of the trial that led to his ruin.-Early life:...

    , poet (b. 1819
    1819 in literature
    The year 1819 in literature involved some significant events.-Events:* In England, Richard Carlile is convicted of blasphemy and sent to prison for publishing The Age of Reason by Thomas Paine ....

    )
  • May 6 - Ivan Surikov
    Ivan Surikov
    Ivan Zakharovich Surikov was a self-taught peasant poet, best known for his folklore-influenced ballads, some of which were put to music by well-known composers , while some became real folk songs.-Biography:Ivan Surikov was born in Novosyolovo village near Uglich, son of Zakhar Adrianovich...

    , poet (b. 1841
    1841 in literature
    The year 1841 in literature involved some significant new books.-Events:*Horace Greeley begins publication of the New York Tribune.*Punch magazine is founded in London.-New books:*William Harrison Ainsworth - Old St...

    )
  • May 8 - Gustave Flaubert
    Gustave Flaubert
    Gustave Flaubert was a French writer who is counted among the greatest Western novelists. He is known especially for his first published novel, Madame Bovary , and for his scrupulous devotion to his art and style.-Early life and education:Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821, in Rouen,...

    , novelist (b. 1821
    1821 in literature
    The year 1821 in literature involved some significant events.-Events:* In the first known obscenity case in the United States, a Massachusetts court outlawed the John Cleland novel, Fanny Hill ...

    )
  • May 30 - James Planché
    James Planche
    James Robinson Planché was a British dramatist, antiquary and officer of arms. Over a period of approximately 60 years he wrote, adapted, or collaborated on 176 plays in a wide range of genres including extravaganza, farce, comedy, burletta, melodrama and opera...

    , dramatist (b. 1796
    1796 in literature
    -Events:*Samuel Taylor Coleridge publishes his periodical The Watchman*Samuel Ireland publishes a collection of Shakespearean forgeries in his Miscellaneous Papers and Legal Instruments Under the Hand and Seal of William Shakespeare. Amid a growing controversy, Edmond Malone exposes the forgeries...

    )
  • June 7 - Karl Christian Planck
    Karl Christian Planck
    Karl Christian Planck was a German philosopher.Planck was born in Stuttgart. He studied at Tübingen, where he became doctor of philosophy in 1840 and Privatdozent in 1848...

    , philosopher (b. 1819
    1819 in literature
    The year 1819 in literature involved some significant events.-Events:* In England, Richard Carlile is convicted of blasphemy and sent to prison for publishing The Age of Reason by Thomas Paine ....

    )
  • July 7 - Lydia Maria Child, writer, activist (b. 1802
    1802 in literature
    The year 1802 in literature involved some significant events and new books.-Events:* 4 October - William Wordsworth marries Mary Hutchinson....

    )
  • July 12 - Tom Taylor
    Tom Taylor
    Tom Taylor was an English dramatist, critic, biographer, public servant, and editor of Punch magazine...

    , dramatist and journalist (b. 1817
    1817 in literature
    The year 1817 in literature involved some significant new books, including Sir Walter Scott's Rob Roy, Lord Byron's Manfred, Hegel's Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, and the death of Jane Austen mid-year.-New books:...

    )
  • September 23 – Geraldine Jewsbury
    Geraldine Jewsbury
    Geraldine Endsor Jewsbury was an English novelist and woman of letters.-Life and family:Jewsbury was born in Measham, then in Derbyshire, now in Leicestershire. She was the daughter of Thomas Jewsbury , a cotton manufacturer and merchant, and his wife Maria, née Smith,...

    , British author (b. 1812
    1812 in literature
    The year 1812 in literature involved some significant events.-Events:* Series of lectures on drama and Shakespeare - Samuel Taylor Coleridge* Washington Irving begins editing Analectic magazine....

    )
  • November 8 - Arthur Freeman
    Arthur Freeman
    Arthur Freeman was a Russian Jewish writer; born at Vilnius about 1840. Persecuted because of his participation in revolutionary movements, he fled to America, and died by his own hand at Syracuse, New York, on November 8, 1880...

    , journalist (suicide) (b. c. 1840)
  • December 22 - George Eliot
    George Eliot
    Mary Anne Evans , better known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, journalist and translator, and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era...

    , author (b. 1819
    1819 in literature
    The year 1819 in literature involved some significant events.-Events:* In England, Richard Carlile is convicted of blasphemy and sent to prison for publishing The Age of Reason by Thomas Paine ....

    )
  • date unknown
    • Louis Edmond Duranty
      Louis Edmond Duranty
      Louis Edmond Duranty was a prolific novelist and art critic.Duranty supported the realist cause and later the Impressionists. He was challenged to a duel in 1870 by Édouard Manet over an affront. He was a friend of Edgar Degas, who painted a celebrated portrait of him in 1879 . He was a frequent...

      , novelist and critic (b. 1833
      1833 in literature
      The year 1833 in literature involved some significant new books.-Events:*Alphonse de Lamartine is elected a député of France.*Parley's Magazine, an American periodical for young readers, publishes its first issue.-New Books:*Honoré de Balzac...

      )