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was an Albanian
Albanians are a nation and ethnic group native to Albania and neighbouring countries. They speak the Albanian language. More than half of all Albanians live in Albania and Kosovo...
Renaissance armed fighter, writer, and patriot, and is a People's Hero of Albania
Hero of Albania, more properly Hero of the People is the highest title that can be bestowed on a citizen of Albania.-Creation:The title was created in 1945 and the Albanian parliament confirmed it by Law in 1954 and then reconfirmed by Law Nr.6133 on February 12, 1980...
. He was the younger brother of Bajo Topulli
Bajo Topulli was an Albanian freedom fighter. While he was a director in the Ottoman Secondary school in Monastir he founded in 1905 the "Committee for the liberation of Albania" in Korçë and led the first Albanian army against the Turkish Ottoman Empire after Skanderbeg's army and the League of...
In April 1907 he led the movement that acted against the Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...
in Southern Albania. He took the decision of killing the Gjirokastër
Gjirokastër is a city in southern Albania with a population of 43,000. Lying in the historical region of Epirus, it is the capital of both the Gjirokastër District and the larger Gjirokastër County...
's Turkish commander and led the Mashkullora War on March 18, 1908.
He wrote an article "From the Mountains of Albania" in the journal "The Hope of Albania" in its issue of January 1907. In that article he condemned the many thefts that the Turkish administration would commit towards the Albanains and asked for full independence of Albania. In the article he made calls for an armed insurgency.
After the proclamation of the independence of Albania on November 28, 1912 Topulli fought to protect Albania from the Montenegrins. He was killed in the Shtoi plain (Shkoder
Shkodër , is a city located on Lake of Shkoder in northwestern Albania in the District of Shkodër, of which it is the capital. It is one of the oldest and most historic towns in Albania, as well as an important cultural and economic centre. Shkodër's estimated population is 90,000; if the...
) from the Montenegrin invadors. In 1937 his bones were brought back to Gjirokastër.