1789 The United States Congress passes the Judiciary Act which creates the office of the United States Attorney General and the federal judiciary system, and orders the composition of the Supreme Court of the United States.
1790 In New York City, the Supreme Court of the United States attempts to convene for the first time.
1790 The Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time.
1857 Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
1905 The Supreme Court of the United States decides ''Lochner v. New York'' which holds that the "right to free contract" is implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
1916 Louis D. Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
1922 A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in ''Leser v. Garnett''.
1935 New Deal: The Supreme Court of the United States declares the National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional in A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, (295 U.S. 495).
1936 The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act is unconstitutional in the case United States v. Butler et al.
1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court of the United States.
1964 In ''Wesberry v. Sanders'' the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population.
1970 Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
1974 Watergate scandal: the United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they order him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.
1992 The United States Supreme Court rules in ''United States v. Álvarez-Machaín'' that it is permissible for the USA to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the USA for trial, without approval from those other countries.
1994 Copyright Law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
1996 Gay rights: The Supreme Court of the United States rules in ''Romer v. Evans'' against a law that would have prevented any city, town or county in the state of Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of gays and lesbians.
1998 Gay rights: ''Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services'': The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex, although to strictly refer to this as "gay rights" is something of a misnomer.
2000 The Supreme Court of the United States stays the sixth Florida recount.
2007 The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.