1795 The first occupation by United Kingdom of Cape Colony, South Africa with the Battle of Hout Bay, after successive victories at the Battle of Muizenberg and Wynberg, after William V requested protection against revolutionary France's occupation of the Netherlands.
1815 The East Indiaman ship Arniston is wrecked during a storm at Waenhuiskrans, near Cape Agulhas, present-day South Africa, with the loss of 372 lives.
1900 In South Africa, Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart's Hill.
1913 Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
1914 World War I: South African troops land in German South West Africa.
1925 The government of South Africa declares Afrikaans an official language
1938 Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
1939 World War II: South Africa declares war on Germany.
1950 Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed formally segregating races.
1960 Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.
1960 Apartheid: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.
1961 South Africa withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1961 Republic of South Africa created.
1964 South Africa is banned from the Olympic Games due to the country's racist policies.
1976 Soweto uprising: a non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd.
1977 Steve Biko is arrested at a police roadblock under the Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967 in King William's Town, South Africa. He would later die of the injuries sustained during this arrest bringing attention to South Africa's apartheid policies.
1977 South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is killed in police custody.
1977 South Africa grants independence to Bophuthatswana, although it is not recognized by any other country.
1979 South Africa grants independence to the "homeland" of Venda (not recognised outside South Africa).
1981 South Africa grants independence to the Ciskei "homeland" (not recognized by any government outside South Africa).
1986 In South Africa, police fire tear gas into a church service for families of those held under the government's emergency decrees.
1989 Largest anti-Apartheid march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu.
1990 Namibia becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.
1991 South Africa is readmitted into the Olympic movement after 30 years of exclusion.
1994 More than seven million people from the former Apartheid Homelands, receives South African citizenship.
1995 Former South African defence minister General Magnus Malan and 10 other former senior military officers are arrested and charged with murdering 13 black people in 1987, (all the accused are later acquitted).
1998 Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.