1660 James II of England is named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France.
1665 James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England) defeats the Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.
1689 The Convention Parliament convenes and declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
1689 The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
1690 Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) – The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.