1948 Israel is declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
1949 Cuba recognizes Israel.
1949 The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.
1949 Israel joins the United Nations.
1949 Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their nineteen-month war.
1953 The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
1955 Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
1957 Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
1961 The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Israel ends with verdicts of guilty on 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
1962 Adolf Eichmann is hanged in Israel.
1965 West Germany and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1967 UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted by the UN Security Council, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement.
1968 Israeli-Jordanian border clashes.
1968 The only successful hijacking of an El Al aircraft takes place when a Boeing 707 carrying 10 crew and 38 passengers is taken over by three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The aircraft was en route from Rome, Italy, to Lod, Israel.
1972 Munich Massacre: 9 Israel athletes taken hostage at the Munich Olympic Games by the Palestinian "Black September" terrorist group died (as did a German policeman) at the hands of the kidnappers during a failed rescue attempt. 2 other Israeli athletes are slain in the initial attack the previous day.
1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
1978 UN Security Council Resolution 425 is passed, calling upon Israel immediately to cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory (Operation Litani), and establishing the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).
1978 The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt.
1982 1982 Lebanon War begins: Forces under Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon invade southern Lebanon in their "Operation Peace for the Galilee", eventually reaching as far north as the capital Beirut.
1982 The international forces that were guaranteeing the safety of Palestinian refugees following Israel's 1982 Invasion of Lebanon leave Beirut. Five days later, several thousand refugees are massacred in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
1985 The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
1985 United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying after being caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations. He is subsequently sentenced to life in prison.
1988 Yasser Arafat recognizes the right of Israel to exist.
1993 The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
1993 Israel and the Vatican establish diplomatic relations.
1994 Israel and Vatican City establish full diplomatic relations.
1994 Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty
1995 Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an extremist Orthodox Israeli.
1996 Proposed budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu spark protests from 250,000 workers who shut down services across Israel.
1997 In a Tel Aviv, Israel coffee shop, a suicide bomber kills 3 and injures 49.
1999 Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
2000 Israel complies with UN Security Council Resolution 425 after 22 years of it issuance, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel withdraws from all of Lebanon, except the disputed Sheba Farms.
2005 Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.
2006 The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; Nations such as Israel and the United States express concern.