732 Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, is killed during the battle.
1180 Philip Augustus becomes king of France.
1199 Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leading to his death on April 6.
1259 Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
1274 In France, the Second Council of Lyons opens to regulate the election of the Pope.
1328 Philip VI is crowned King of France.
1431 Hundred Years' War: in Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal. Because of this the Catholic Church remember this day as the celebration of Saint Joan of Arc.
1434 The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid.
1490 Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the king of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lèse majesté.
1503 Important victory of the Great captain at the Battle of Cerignola, ruling a small Spanish armies over a French four times bigger in number, in Cerignola, next Bari, Southern Italy. It is noted as the first battle in history won by gunpowder small arms.
1515 King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
1561 An 18-year-old Mary, Queen of Scots, returns to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.
1574 Henry III becomes King of France.
1585 The Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
1624 Signing of the Treaty of Compiègne between France and the Netherlands.
1654 Louis XIV is crowned King of France.
1659 The Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
1687 The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.
1754 French and Indian War: in the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
1774 Louis XVI becomes King of France.
1778 The United States Flag is formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to USS ''Ranger'', commanded by John Paul Jones.
1778 The Continental Congress votes to ratify both the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance with France. The two treaties are the first entered into by the United States government.
1779 War of Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives the part of its territory that was taken from it (the Innviertel).
1789 In France, the Estates-General convenes for the first time since 1614.
1790 France is divided into 83 ''départements'', cutting across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on ownership of land by the nobility.
1791 Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
1792 France invades the Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium), beginning the French Revolutionary War.
1792 French troops stop allied invasion of France, during the War of the First Coalition at Valmy.
1793 The first Republican constitution in France is adopted.
1793 Queen Marie-Antoinette of France is tried and condemned in a swift, pre-determined trial in the Palais de Justice, Paris, and condemned to death the following day.
1794 Branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who was also a tax collector with the ''Ferme Générale'', is tried, convicted, and guillotined all on the same day in Paris.
1795 France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.
1795 Belgium is conquered by France.
1800 War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden, French General Moreau defeats the Austrian Archduke John near Munich decisively, coupled with First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte's victory at Marengo effectively forcing the Austrians to sign an armistice and ending the war.
1802 Napoleon Bonaparte signs a general amnesty to allow all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture with the factions of the Ancien Regime and to eventually consolidate his own rule.
1803 In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.
1805 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve. It signals almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the twentieth century.
1805 Austria and France sign the Treaty of Pressburg.
1806 Prussia declares war on France.
1806 Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeats Prussia
1808 The Republic of Ragusa is annexed by France.
1830 France invades Algeria.
1840 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
1868 Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
1871 Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles ( France ) towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans.
1880 France annexes Tahiti.
1893 France introduces motor vehicle registration.
1902 ''A Trip to the Moon'', considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.
1905 In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
1909 Eugene Lefebvre (1878–1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashes at Juvisy, France when his controls jam. Lefebvre dies, becoming the first 'pilot' in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.
1918 World War I: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside Compiègne in France. The war officially ends at 11:00 (The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month) and this is annually honoured with a two-minute silence.
1920 France occupies Memel.
1920 France captures Damascus.
1922 France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes".
1925 An Anti-French uprising in French-occupied Damascus, Syria. (All French inhabitants flee the city.)
1927 Attempting to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight from Paris to New York, French war heroes Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli disappeared after taking off aboard ''The White Bird'' biplane.
1930 Floods hit Languedoc and the surrounding area in south-west France, resulting in twelve départements being submerged and causing the death of over 700 people.
1931 France and the Soviet Union sign a neutrality/no attack treaty.
1931 France and Soviet Union sign a treaty of non-aggression.
1942 World War II: Nazi Germany completes its occupation of France.
1943 Lebanon gains independence from France.
1944 World War II: Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named ''Operation Overlord'', commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history.
1944 Suffrage is extended to women in France.
1945 Women's suffrage: Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.
1946 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
1946 France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
1946 France's Fourth Republic is founded.
1953 Laos gains independence from France.
1953 Cambodia becomes independent from France.
1956 Tunisia gains independence from France.
1958 Charles de Gaulle comes out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
1958 France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
1958 Guinea declares its independence from France.
1958 Fifth Republic of France is established.
1960 The Republic of Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
1960 Nuclear weapons testing: France tests its first atomic bomb.
1960 Madagascar gains its independence from France.
1960 Belgium defends its intervention in the Congo to the United Nations Security Council while the government of the Congo appeals to the Soviet Union to send troops to push back the Belgians. The governments of the United States and France and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization warn the Soviets to stay out of the dispute.
1960 Niger gains independence from France.
1960 The Central African Republic declares independence from France.
1960 Independence of Mali from France.
1960 Mauritania becomes independent of France.
1962 Algeria becomes independent from France.
1968 France explodes its first hydrogen bomb, thus becoming the world's fifth nuclear power.
1969 Vietnam War: at the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, American representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually fail.
1975 The Comoros declare independence from France.
1977 France grants independence to Djibouti.
1979 Grand Mosque Seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from French special forces to put down the uprising.
1981 Abolition of capital punishment in France.
1990 France announces it will send 4,000 troops to the Persian Gulf
2000 Carlos the Jackal sues France in the European Court of Human Rights for allegedly torturing him.
2001 AZF chemical plant explodes in Toulouse, France, killing 31 people
2006 At least 1 million union members, students, and unemployed take to the streets in France in protest at the government's proposed First Employment Contract law.