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Egypt

Egypt

Timeline

48 BC   Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.

48 BC   Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.

44 BC   Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

30 BC   Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.

30 BC   Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, commits suicide, allegedly by means of an asp bite.

365   A tsunami devastates the city of Alexandria, Egypt. The tsunami is caused by an earthquake estimated to be 8.0 on the Richter Scale. 5,000 people perished in Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside the city.

435   Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, is exiled by Roman Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt.

1218   The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.

1250   The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.

1260   Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself.

1799   The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.

1799   At Aboukir in Egypt, Napoleon I of France defeats 10,000 Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha.

1799   Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.

1801   The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.

1805   Muhammad Ali becomes Wāli of Egypt.

1811   Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.

1824   Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.

1854   In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.

1859   The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.

1869   In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated.

1882   The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.

1917   World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.

1922   The United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt through a Unilateral Declaration of Independence.

1922   After Egypt gains nominal independence from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.

1922   In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

1942   World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein: – At El Alamein in northern Egypt, the British Eighth Army under Field Marshal Montgomery begins a critical offensive to expel the Axis armies from Egypt.

1942   The Second Battle of El Alamein is won by the British in El Alamein, Egypt.

1945   Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.

1945   The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.

1948   Following the demise of the British Mandate of Palestine, Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia invade the territory partitioned for the Arab state by the British Mandate of Palestine thus starting the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

1952   Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burn Cairo's central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.

1954   Gamal Abdul Nasser is made premier of Egypt.

1954   Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt.

1956   The Republic of the Sudan achieves independence from the Egyptian Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

1956   President Gamal Abdal Nasser of Egypt vows to reconquer Palestine.

1956   Gamal Abdel Nasser is elected president of Egypt.

1956   Following the World Bank's refusal to fund building the Aswan High Dam, Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal sparking international condemnation.

1956   Suez Crisis begins: Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.

1956   Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.

1956   Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.

1957   Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.

1957   The Suez Canal in Egypt is cleared and opens to shipping.

1957   Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.

1958   Egypt and Syria merge to form the United Arab Republic, which lasted until 1961.

1958   Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.

1961   A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.

1967   Six-Day War: President Abdul Nasser of Egypt demands dismantling of the peace-keeping UN Emergency Force in Egypt.

1967   Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran and blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, laying the foundations for the Six Day War.

1967   Egypt imposes a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel.

1967   Six-Day War begins: The Israeli air force launches simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.

1969   Israeli commando force penetrates deep into Egyptian territory to stage a mortar attack on regional Egyptian Army headquarters in the Nile Valley of Upper Egypt.

1970   After 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.

1974   A Disengagement of Forces agreement is signed between the Israeli and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War.

1974   The last Israeli soldiers leave the west bank of the Suez Canal pursuant to a truce with Egypt.

1974   After seven years, the United States and Egypt re-establish diplomatic relations.

1974   Turkish occupation of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a "coup d' etat", organised by the dictator of Greece, against president Makarios. NATO's Council praises the United States and the United Kingdom for attempts to settle the dispute. Syria and Egypt put their militaries on alert.

1977   Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.

1977   Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The move is in retaliation for the Declaration of Tripoli against Egypt.

1977   Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin meets in Egypt with President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat.

1978   U.S. President Jimmy Carter, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel meet at Camp David and agree on the Camp David Accords a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.

1978   The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt.

1978   Leaders of Israel and Egypt reach a settlement for the Middle East at Camp David.

1979   The Shah of Iran flees Iran with his family and relocates to Egypt.

1979   Another section of the Sinai Peninsula is peacefully returned by Israel to Egypt.

1980   Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations.

1985   United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the ''Achille Lauro'' cruise ship hijackers and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.

1985   Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 while en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the hijacked jetliner, but 60 people die in the raid.

1989   In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found nearby the Pyramid of Cheops.

1989   The Egyptian Flag is raised on Taba, Egypt announcing the end of the Israeli occupation after the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and the peace negotiations in 1979.

1989   Signing of an agreement Egypt - U.S. manufacturing parts of the fighter F-16 in Egypt.

1989   Signing of an agreement Egypt - U.S. manufacturing parts of the fighter F-16 in Egypt.

1997   In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people are killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut, known as Luxor massacre (The police then kill the assailants).

1997   Hussein Aidid relinquishes the disputed title of President of Somalia by signing the Cairo Declaration, in Cairo, Egypt. It is the first major step towards reconciliation in Somalia since 1991.

2002   Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated.

2004   Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.

2005   Hosni Mubarak, the president of Egypt, orders the constitution changed to allow multi-candidate presidential elections before September 2005 by asking Egyptian parliament to amend Article 76.

2005   Hosni Mubarak, the president of Egypt, orders the constitution changed to allow multi-candidate presidential elections before September 2005 by asking Egyptian parliament to amend Article 76.

2005   First presidential election is held in Egypt.

2006   The French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.