Cyprus

Cyprus

Timeline

1489   The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.

1878   Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.

1955   The EOKA rebellion against The British Empire begins in Cyprus, with the goal of obtaining the desired unification ("enosis") with Greece.

1959   The United Kingdom grants Cyprus independence, which is then formally proclaimed on August 16, 1960.

1959   Archbishop Makarios becomes the first President of Cyprus.

1960   Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1961   Cyprus enters the Council of Europe.

1964   Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.

1974   In Nicosia, Cyprus, Greek Junta-sponsored nationalists launch a coup d'état, deposing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as Cypriot president.

1974   In Nicosia, Cyprus, Greek Junta-sponsored nationalists launch a coup d'état, deposing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as Cypriot president.

1974   Turkish occupation of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a "coup d' etat", organised by the dictator of Greece, against president Makarios. NATO's Council praises the United States and the United Kingdom for attempts to settle the dispute. Syria and Egypt put their militaries on alert.

2001   Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.

2002   Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.

2004   Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.

2008   Malta and Cyprus officially adopt the Euro currency and become the fourteenth and fifteenth Eurozone countries.