1550 Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile.
1574 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.
1810 First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.
1811 José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, is sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.
1813 Instituto Nacional, is founded by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera. It is Chile's oldest and most prestigious school. Its motto is ''Labor Omnia Vincit'', which means "Work conquers all things".
1823 Slavery is abolished in Chile.
1914 World War I: the first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.
1938 Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.
1971 Copper mines in Chile are nationalized.
1990 Patricio Aylwin is sworn-in as the first democratically elected Chilean president since 1970.
2004 Former Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet is put under house arrest, after being sued under accusations over 9 kidnapping actions and manslaughter. The house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal.
2008 Chaiten Volcano erupts in Chile, forcing the evacuation of more than 4,500 people.
2010 The first miners from the 2010 Copiapó mining accident in Chile arrive at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground awaiting rescue.The following day all 33 miners and rescuers where out of the mine.