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Shortening is any fat that is solid at room temperature and used to make crumbly pastry. The reason it is called shortening is because it prevents cross-linkage between gluten molecules. Cross linking is what causes doughs to be sticky. Seeing as cake is not meant to be sticky, shortening is used

Shortite is a sodium – calcium carbonate mineral, with the chemical formula Na2Ca23. It was discovered by J. J. Fahey in well cuttings from the Green River Formation, Sweetwater County, Wyoming USA, and was named to honor Maxwell N

Shortlist (magazine)
ShortList is a free weekly magazine published in the United Kingdom which launched on 20 September 2007. The magazine has the biggest circulation of any men's lifestyle magazine in Britain with Martin Robinson as its Editor. Mike Soutar, former editorial director of IPC Media, editor of FHM in the UK and US Maxim, is the CEO

Shorts are a bifurcated garment worn by both men and women over their pelvic area, circling the waist, and covering the upper part of the legs, sometimes extending down to or even below the knee, but not covering the entire length of the leg. They are called "shorts" because they are a shortened version of trousers, which cover the entire leg

Shortwave (meteorology)
A shortwave or shortwave trough is an embedded kink in the trough / ridge pattern. This is the opposite of longwaves, which are responsible for synoptic scale systems, although shortwaves may be contained within or found ahead of longwaves and range from the mesocale to the synoptic scale

Shorty may refer to:*Shorty *Shorty , an American rock band formed in Illinois in 1991*Shorty , Croatian rapper*Shorty , a song by The Get Up Kids*Shawty, a song by Plies, featuring T-Pain

Shorty (band)
Shorty was an American rock band formed in Illinois in 1991. The band consisted of vocalist Al Johnson, guitarist Mark Shippy, drummer Todd Lamparelli, and bassist Luke Frantom. After the group's breakup, Al Johnson and Mark Shippy would go on to form the underground art rock band U.S

Shorty (rapper)
Shorty, born Dalibor Bartulović, is a Croatian rapper from Vinkovci. He released his debut album in 2004 under the name 1,68 and became famous with his two records Zeka and Dođi u Vinkovce.-Early life:

Shoshone (Snake River sternwheeler)
The Shoshone was the first steamboat built on the Snake River, Idaho, above Hells Canyon and the first of only two steamboats to be brought down through Hells Canyon to the lower Snake River. This was considered one of the most astounding feats of steamboat navigation ever accomplished.-Design and construction:In the mid-1860s there was a mining boom in the area of Boise, Idaho

Shot may refer to:*The act of shooting, firing a gun or other projectile weapon*Gunshot, the act of firing a gun*Nuclear testing, a nuclear weapon test*Lead shot, small balls of shot generally used as weights or as firearms projectiles

Shot (album)
Shot is an album by the band The Jesus Lizard, its first release on Capitol Records. Impressed by his work on the album "Houdini" by the Melvins, the band hired producer GGGarth to record "Shot". Of note on this album is the very different production of David Yow's vocals, which are now much clearer and higher in the mix than on previous recordings. Bassist David Wm

Shot (Gruntruck album)
Shot, Illusion, New God was the last recording from Gruntruck. It was intended to be a restart of their musical career after their legal battle with Roadrunner Records.

Shot (song)
Shot is a song by the Finnish alternative rock band The Rasmus, originally released on the band's sixth studio album Hide from the Sun on September 2, 2006. The single was released on March 30, 2006.

Shot in the Dark (Great White album)
Shot in the Dark is the second studio album by the American hard rock band Great White, released in 1986. It was originally released by Greenworld Entertainment and subsequently picked up and re-issued by Capitol Records. The original issue featured a different intro to "She Shakes Me" , as well as a completely different recording of "Run Away"

Shotgun (album)
Shotgun is the third album by Tony Lucca and it was released on March 30, 2004.-Album information:Tony Lucca released two albums prior to Shotgun, independently and both were met with moderate success. Shotgun was Lucca's first commercially distributed full-length studio album

Shotgun (comics)
Shotgun is a fictional character in the Marvel Universe.-Fictional character biography:Shotgun was once a soldier in the United States Army. Later, he became an assassin working for the CIA. The CIA and Skip Ash sent Shotgun to retrieve Number 9, a young blonde woman. He wound up battling Daredevil

- Reaction :The national broadcaster RTÉ gave the album four stars out of five in its review, stating that his music "shows an astute observation of Irish life" and praising him for "giving a voice to the downtrodden". The songs "Sing All Our Cares Away", the opening track, and "Choctaw Nation", the penultimate one, were singled out for a special mention as was the new recording of "Colony"

Shots may refer to:* Injection * Shooter * Shots , 2005* Shots , 2008* "Shots" , by LMFAO featuring Lil Jon from Party Rock* "Shots", a song by Neil Young from Re-ac-tor

The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle , the scapula , and the humerus as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons. The articulations between the bones of the shoulder make up the shoulder joints. The major joint of the shoulder is the glenohumeral joint, which "shoulder joint" generally refers to

Shoulders is drinking game that involves players competing in a fast paced game attempting to "count" to 21.-Game play:*The game begins with a player slapping his left/right shoulder, this starts the count at 1.

Shout may refer to:* A form of vociferation* Shout, or ring shout, a religious dance originating among African slaves in the Americas* An Australian and British term referring to buying a round of drinks- Films and television :

Shout (band)
Shout was a Christian glam metal band formed in 1987 by Ken Tamplin. Musically the band was similar to Stryper, but the Encyclopedia of Contemporary Christian Music cites them as being "more competent than Stryper". Lyrically, their songs were generally more straightforward than other Christian metal bands such as Bloodgood

Shovel (disambiguation)
Shovel may refer to:*Shovel, a tool for lifting and moving loose material*Power shovel, a bucket equipped machine, usually electrically powered, used for digging and loading earth or fragmented rock material, the modern equivalent of steam shovels

The shovelers, formerly known as shovellers, are four species of dabbling ducks with long, broad spatula-shaped beaks:* Red Shoveler, Anas platalea* Cape Shoveler, Anas smithii* Australasian Shoveler, Anas rhynchotis

Show may refer to:* Show , 1993* Show , 2003* Show , 1994* Show , an Australian fair* Show , a judged event in the hobby of animal fancy** Conformation dog show

Show (After Crying album)
-Track listing:# NWC - # Invisible Legion - # Face to Face - # Welcome on Board - # Paradise Lost - # Remote Control - # Technopolis - # Globevillage at Night - # Bone Squad -

Show (The Jesus Lizard album)
Show is a live album by the Chicago noise rock band The Jesus Lizard. It was recorded at CBGB's in New York City. It was a joint release by Collision Arts and Warner Bros

Show Business
Show business, or Showbiz, is a vernacular term for the business of entertainment.Show Business may also refer to:*Show Business , a 1944 movie musical film*Show Business

Show business
Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz, is a vernacular term for all aspects of entertainment. The word applies to all aspects of the entertainment industry from the business side to the creative element .

Show Business (1944 film)
Show Business is a movie musical film starring Eddie Cantor, George Murphy, Joan Davis, Nancy Kelly, and Constance Moore. The film was directed by Edwin L. Marin and released by RKO Radio Pictures.-Cast:*Eddie Cantor ... Eddie Martin

Show Business (album)
Show Business is the sixth album released on CMC International Records in 1995 by the glam metal band Kix. The album was a failure, as grunge had taken over the music scene.-Track listing:# "Ball Baby" - 4:46

Show of hands
A show of hands is a common voting method used in committees and other informal or small gatherings for voting. It is more precise than a voice vote but does not require members to leave their seats. However, it does not count as a division of the assembly, and is not always as effective as a rising vote in causing a maximum number of members to vote who have not done so.

Show of Hands (film)
Show of Hands is a feature film written and directed by Anthony McCarten. It stars Melanie Lynskey, Craig Hall and Stephen Lovatt.Based on true events, the story concerns an endurance competition where the person who can keep their hand on a new car the longest wins the car

Show stoppers
The Showstoppers was a four-piece African American vocal soul group formed in Philadelphia about 1967. They are best remembered for their 1967 hit, "Ain't Nothin' But a Houseparty", which was the debut release on three record labels: Showtime Records, Heritage Records, and Beacon Records.-History:The Showstoppers was formed about 1967 by

Show trial
The term show trial is a pejorative description of a type of highly public trial in which there is a strong connotation that the judicial authorities have already determined the guilt of the defendant. The actual trial has as its only goal to present the accusation and the verdict to the public as an impressive example and as a warning

Showbiz is a vernacular term for show business.Showbiz may also refer to:* Stage name, a pseudonym used by entertainers - sometimes termed a "showbiz name"In television:

Showbiz (2007 film)
Showbiz is a 2007 Hindi film directed by Raju Khan. It stars Tushar Jalota, Mrinalini Sharma, Gulshan Grover, and Sushant Singh. The music was scored by Lalit Pandit, of Jatin-Lalit fame

Showboat (disambiguation)
Showboat is or show boat, a boat which serves as a floating theater.Showboat or Show Boat may refer to:- Film and theater :* Show Boat,a 1927 musical by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II based on the Ferber novel

A showcase, or vitrine, is a glassed-in cabinet or display case for displaying delicate or valuable articles such as objets d'art or merchandise in a shop, museum, or house

Showdown (animated short)
Showdown is the eleventh of seventeen animated Technicolor short films based upon the DC Comics character Superman.Produced by Famous Studios, the plot focuses on a criminal who impersonates Superman to commit crimes for a gangster

Showdown (Cheri Dennis song)
"Showdown" is a song by American recording artist Cheri Dennis.

Showdown (How I Met Your Mother episode)
"Showdown" is the 20th episode in the second season of the television series How I Met Your Mother. It originally aired on April 30, 2007.-Summary:

Showdown (TV series)
Showdown was a Canadian television game show, which aired on CTV in the network's inaugural 1961-62 season.Hosted by Hamilton radio broadcaster Paul Hanover, the program featured contestants competing to answer general knowledge questions on music

A shower is an area in which one bathes underneath a spray of water.- History :

Shower (disambiguation)
A shower is the act of bathing under a spray of water, or the apparatus used to do so.Shower may also refer to:* A type of precipitation* Shower * Shower , a 1999 Chinese drama/comedy* The Shower

Shower (film)
Shower is a 1999 Chinese comedy-drama film directed by Zhang Yang and starring Zhu Xu, Pu Cunxin and Jiang Wu. It premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on 14 September 1999 and won the FIPRESCI Prize

Shower cap
A shower cap is a cap worn while showering or bathing, to protect hair from becoming wet.Many are produced by joining two layers of fabric together in order to make the shower cap not only waterproof but aesthetic also. However, simpler ones are purely made from one layer of a waterproof material, often plastic

A showgirl is a dancer or performer in a stage entertainment show. Showgirl is also often used as a term for a promotional model in trade fairs and car shows, etc

Showman can have a variety of meanings, usually by context and depending on the country.- Australia :Travelling showmen are people who run amusement and side show equipment at regional shows, state capital shows, events and festivals throughout Australia

ShowMan is show control software developed by Richmond Sound Design. It supersedes the original Amiga show control software named Stage Manager and is capable of reading shows created by that application. Show control is the use of technology to link together and operate multiple entertainment control systems in a coordinated manner. It is distinguished from more specific forms, e.g

Showmanship is a competition involving people showing their animals. This can be:*Dog showmanship*Horse showmanshipIt may also refer to:*Showmanship , the skill of making an artistic performance distinctive, effective and appealing to an audience

Showmanship (performing)
Showmanship, concerning artistic performing such as in Theatre, is the skill of performing in such a manner that will appeal to an audience or aid in conveying the performance's essential theme or message.

Shown is an American surname that reflects an Anglicization of the German surname Schaun. A common variant is Shawn. Like other surnames, it is sometimes given to children as a middle name and/or used by married females as part of their professional name

The word showroom has two distinct meanings including:-Marketing location:A showroom is a large space used to display products for sale, such as automobiles, furniture, appliances, carpet or apparel. The World's most famous locations for a showroom are the Champs Elysees in Paris or the 5th Avenue in New York

Showstopper may refer to:* "Show Stopper", the debut single by the R&B group and Making the Band 3 winners Danity Kane

Show Time is Taiwanese Mandopop artist Show Luo's debut Mandarin solo studio album. It was released on 5 December 2003 by Avex Taiwan. The album sold 50,000 copies within two weeks of release

Showtime (Angel & Khriz album)
Showtime is the second album by Angel & Khriz released on March 11, 2008. While it was a success among fans and critics, receiving 4.5 stars from Allmusic, it did not reach the top ten Latin Albums on Billboard, likely because it had been leaked on the internet

Showtime (Croatia)
Showtime is a Croatian show similar to Pop Idol. The show started in the fall of summer 2007 when auditions were held in Osijek, Rijeka, Split and Zagreb. Out of more than 7000 auditioners, 200 made it through to the next round, in which the judges picked the Top 22

Showtime (James Brown album)
Showtime is a 1964 James Brown album released by Smash Records. Handicapped by contractual obligations with King Records, Brown released an album of remakes overdubbed with canned applause.- Track listing :# "Caldonia"# "Don't Cry Baby"

Showtime (Mick Ronson album)
Showtime is a live album by British guitarist Mick Ronson, released in 1999. It is a compilation of two live shows from 1976 and 1989, and the album was released six years after Ronson's death.- Track listing :# "Crazy Love"

Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually. They relied almost entirely on the shell's velocity for their lethality

Shrapnel (comics)
Shrapnel is a supervillain in the DC Comics universe. He is primarily an enemy of the Outsiders and the Doom Patrol.-Fictional character biography:

Shrapnel (disambiguation)
-Military:*Shrapnel shell, an anti-personnel artillery munition used until the 1930s*The fragments thrown out by an exploding bomb or shell: See Fragmentation -Entertainment:*Shrapnel or Metal Church, a heavy metal band

Spam Harassment Reduction via Economic Disincentives is a proposed sender-at-risk E-mail stamp mechanism for reducing the E-mail spamming problem by indirectly increasing the cost of E-mail sending to the senders of unwanted E-mail

Shred (film)
Shred is a snowboarding comedy film starring Tom Green that was filmed along with its sequel Shred 2 at Big White Ski Resort and Silver Star Mountain Resort, two ski resorts in British Columbia, Canada.-Plot: