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Reduction (Sweden)
In the reductions in Sweden, fiefs that had been granted to the Swedish nobility were returned to the Crown.The first reduction under Charles X Gustav of Sweden in 1655 restored a quarter of "donations" made after 1632. In the Great Reduction of 1680 under Charles XI of Sweden the Crown recaptured lands earlier granted the nobility

Reductionism
Reductionism can mean either an approach to understanding the nature of complex things by reducing them to the interactions of their parts, or to simpler or more fundamental things or a philosophical position that a complex system is nothing but the sum of its parts, and that an account of it can be reduced to accounts of individual constituents

Redundancy
Redundancy may refer to:* Redundancy * Redundancy * Redundancy * Redundancy * Redundancy * Data redundancy* Gene redundancy* Logic redundancy

Redundant (song)
7-inchVinyl Box Set-Chart positions:*A *B -Music video:

Redux
Redux is a post-positive adjective meaning "brought back, restored" used in literature and film titles.

Redux (Adam Ant album)
Redux an album by Adam Ant & Adam and the Ants. It is a 15 track bonus disc that only came with the Adam Ant Remastered box set. It features previously unreleased demo versions of songs from his previous albums. It also contains a T

Redux (adhesive)
Redux is the generic name of a family of phenyl–formaldehyde/polyvinyl–formal adhesives developed by Aero Research Limited at Duxford, UK, in the 1940s, subsequently produced by Ciba . The brand name is now used for a range of epoxy adhesives manufactured by Hexcel. The name is a contraction of REsearch at DUXford.-History:Devised at ARL by Dr

Redwater
Redwater or red water may refer to:Geographical locations*Redwater, Mississippi*Redwater, Texas*Redwater River, a stream in Montana*Carnen, a river in the fiction of J. R. R

Redwing
The Redwing is a bird in the thrush family Turdidae, native to Europe and Asia, slightly smaller than the related Song Thrush.-Taxonomy:

Redwood
-Trees:Conifers* Family Cupressaceae *** Sequoia sempervirens - coast redwood**** Albino redwood*** Sequoiadendron giganteum - giant sequoia*** Metasequoia glyptostroboides - dawn redwood* Family Pinaceae

Redwood (album)
Redwood is an album by Lúnasa that was released in 2003 on Green Linnet Records. It was their fourth major release, and their last album on Green Linnet Records.-Track listing:# Cregg's Pipes

Redwood (band)
Redwood are an alternative rock band formed in Birmingham, and based in Guildford, Surrey, England, who were active for the majority of the 1990s before finally splitting up in 2000 after their record label Almo Sounds became defunct

Reed
- Musical instruments :* Single-reed instrument, a woodwind instrument that uses only one reed to produce sound* Double reed instrument, a woodwind instrument that uses two reeds to produce sound

Reed (name)
Reed may be either a surname or given name.-Reed as a surname:"Reed" is a variant of the surname "Read", which is commonly believed to be a nickname-derived surname referring to a person's complexion or hair being ruddy or red.

Reedy
-People:*George Reedy, White House Press Secretary*Thomas E. Reedy, a politician from South Dakota*Thomas Reedy, convicted child pornography trafficker

Reefer
- Transportation :* Reefer ship, a refrigerated ship* Refrigerator car, a refrigerated railroad boxcar * Refrigerated van, a refrigerated railway wagon * Refrigerated container, used for intermodal cargo

Reek
Reek may refer to:* Reek , a volatilized chemical compound that humans or other animals perceive by the sense of olfaction* Reek , a fictional creature in the Star Wars universe* Reek

Reek (Netherlands)
Reek is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Landerd, about 3 km east of Schaijk.Reek was a separate municipality until 1942, when it became part of Schaijk.

Reel
A reel is an object around which lengths of another material are wound for storage. Generally a reel has a cylindrical core and walls on the sides to retain the material wound around the core

Reel (disambiguation)
A reel is an object around which lengths of another material are wound for storage.Reel may also refer to:* Reel , a type of dance and its accompanying music* Reel , a Thoroughbred racehorse and prolific broodmare

Reeler
A reeler is a mouse mutant, so named because of its characteristic "reeling" gait. This is caused by profound hypoplasia of the mouse's cerebellum, in which the normal cerebellar folia are missing. The mutation is autosomal and recessive.

Reentrant
Reentrant or re-entrant can refer to:*Reentrant in computer programming*Reentrant mutex in computer science*Reentry in neuroscience*Salients, re-entrants and pockets in military tactics*Reentrant tuning in music

Reentry
Reentry can have several meanings:* Atmospheric reentry, the movement of human-made or natural objects as they enter the atmosphere of a planet from outer space** Ballistic reentry** Skip reentry

Reeve
Reeve may refer to:*High-reeve, a title taken by some English magnates during the 10th and 11th centuries*Reeve , an official elected annually by the serfs to supervise lands for a lord*Reeve , an elected chief executive in counties

REF
REF or Ref may refer to:*Rapid Equipping Force, a United States Army unit*Real estate Finance, a category of law*Referee, in sports*Reference, something that refers to something else*Reform Party , in politics

Refectory
A refectory is a dining room, especially in monasteries, boarding schools and academic institutions. One of the places the term is most often used today is in graduate seminaries

Refer
Refer can mean:*Referral : To refer a person is to personally recommend, endorse, and pass them to a qualified professional or service that can serve their need, often including informing both parties of said recommendation and/or endorsement.

REFER
REFER, Rede Ferroviária Nacional, EPE is the Portuguese rail infrastructure manager, since 1997. It is a state-owned company and was created to manage the Portuguese rail infrastructure, previously under control of CP, which became exclusively a train service operator.-History:Following the government Decree Nº

Referee
A referee is the person of authority, in a variety of sports, who is responsible for presiding over the game from a neutral point of view and making on the fly decisions that enforce the rules of the sport

Reference
Reference is derived from Middle English referren, from Middle French rèférer, from Latin referre, "to carry back", formed from the prefix re- and ferre, "to bear"

Reference data
Reference data are data describing a physical or virtual object and its properties. Reference data are usually described with nouns.Reference data is used in data management to define characteristics of an identifier that are used within other data centric processes

Reference Point (horse)
Reference Point was a British-bred and British-trained Thoroughbred race horse,who overcame sinus problems before winning York's Dante Stakes, the Epsom Derby, Ascot's King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Diamond Stakes, the Great Voltigeur and St. Leger in 1987. Notably, he is the last Derby winner to date to enter the St. Leger, much less win it

Referendum
A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new constitution, a constitutional amendment, a law, the recall of an elected official or simply a specific government policy. It is a form of direct democracy

Referred pain
Referred pain is pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus. An example is the case of ischemia brought on by a myocardial infarction , where pain is often felt in the neck, shoulders, and back rather than in the chest, the site of the injury

Refinement
In formal methods, program refinement is the verifiable transformation of an abstract formal specification into a concrete executable program. Stepwise refinement allows this process to be done in stages

Refinement
Refinement may refer to:* Equilibrium refinement, the identification of actualized equilibria in game theory* Program refinement, the verifiable transformation of a formal specification into source code which can be compiled into an executable program

Refining
Refining is the process of purification of a substance or a form. The term is usually used of a natural resource that is almost in a usable form, but which is more useful in its pure form. For instance, most types of natural petroleum will burn straight from the ground, but it will burn poorly and quickly clog an engine with residues and by-products

Refining (metallurgy)
Refining consists of purifying an impure material, in this case a metal. It is to be distinguished from other processes such as smelting and calcining in that those two involve a chemical change to the raw material, whereas in refining, the final material is usually identical chemically to the original one, only it is purer

Reflectin
Reflectin is a protein originating from the Hawaiian Bobtail Squid, Euprymna scolopes, which is native to the central Pacific Ocean. Reflectins, a recently identified protein family that is enriched in aromatic and sulphur-containing amino acids, are used by certain cephalopods to manage and manipulate incident light in their environment.It is thought that the biophysical properties

Reflection
Reflection or reflection may refer to:-Science:* Mirror image, a reflection in a mirror or in water* Reflection nebula, a nebula that is extended and has no boundaries* Reflection , a common wave phenomenon

Reflection (Demis Roussos album)
Reflection is an album released in 1984 by Demis Roussos.After having collaborated several times since the days of Aphrodite's Child, Reflection was the last album on which Roussos and Vangelis collaborated together. Another member from that band, guitarist Argyris 'Silver' Koulouris, also appears on this album

Reflection (mathematics)
In mathematics, a reflection is a mapping from a Euclidean space to itself that is an isometry with a hyperplane as set of fixed points; this set is called the axis or plane of reflection. The image of a figure by a reflection is its mirror image in the axis or plane of reflection

Reflections
Reflections may refer to:*Reflections, Lubbock Christian University's alumni publication*Reflections , a British drama film*Reflections , a Yugoslavian film*Reflections , a British documentary film

Reflections (After 7 album)
Reflections is the third and last studio album by After 7 before the group split in 1997. It peaked at #40 on the Billboard 200.-Track listing:#'Til You Do Me Right#Cryin' For It#Save It Up#Damn Thing Called Love#How Did He Love You#What U R 2 Me

Reflections (B. B. King album)
-Track listing:#"Exactly Like You"#"On My Word of Honor"#"I Want a Little Girl"#"I'll String Along with You"#"I Need You"#"A Mother's Love"#" for Sentimental Reasons"#"Neighbourhood Affair"#"Tomorrow Night"#"There I've Said it Again"

Reflections (Chet Aktins and Doc Watson album)
Reflections is the title of a recording by American guitarists Chet Atkins and Doc Watson. The two musical legends team up on 10 songs.-Reception:Writing for Allmusic, music critic Michael B

Reflections (Debby Boone album)
Reflections is a retrospective by Debby Boone that collects songs from the four Christian music albums she recorded in the 1980s, released in 1989.While this was a compilation album, it still charted at #33 on the Top Contemporary Christian charts.

Reflections (Paul van Dyk album)
- Album Credits :* "Crush" - Written by Paul van Dyk; Produced by Paul van Dyk; Vocals by Antoine Toupin* "Time of Our Lives" - Written by Paul van Dyk, John McDaid and Simon Walker; Produced by Paul van Dyk; Vocals by Vega 4

Reflections (The Carpenters album)
Reflections is a compilation album by US pop group The Carpenters. It was released in 1998 and rather than contain their greatest hits, this compilation includes remixes of their lesser known songs, that either didn't do well on the charts or weren't released as singles.-Track listing:#I Need to Be in Love#I Just Fall in Love Again#Baby It's You #Can't Smile Without You

Reflectoporn
Reflectoporn is a form of exhibitionism in which a man or woman strips and then takes a photograph of an object with a reflective surface in such a way that his or her naked body can be seen in the reflection. The photograph is then posted in a public forum

Reflector
-Science:* Reflector, a device that causes reflection * Reflector , used to control lighting contrast* Reflecting telescope* Reflector , the part of an antenna that reflects radio waves

Reflector (band)
Reflector is a rock band that formed in Beijing in 1997. According to the band's official English language website, Reflector has been featured on CNN and in Newsweek magazine. Reflector lists among its English language musical influences the bands Green Day, NOFX and Lagwagon

Reflector (photography)
In photography and cinematography, a reflector is an improvised or specialised reflective surface used to redirect light towards a given subject or scene.- Types :

Reflector (Transformers)
Reflector is the name of three Decepticon characters from the fictional Transformers toy range and associated universe. Their names are Viewfinder, Spectro, and Spyglass. The can combine into one robot on several occasions

ReFLEX
ReFLEX is a wireless protocol developed by Motorola which is used for two-way paging.The Motorola PageWriter released in 1996 was one of the first devices to use the ReFLEX network protocol.-Versions:

Reflex (novel)
Reflex is the 2004 sequel to the best-selling 1992 novel Jumper by Steven Gould.-Synopsis:Since the conclusion of Jumper, David Rice, a young man with the ability to teleport, has married Millie and occasionally works for the National Security Agency, only accepting jobs that he finds to be morally acceptable

Reflex arc
A reflex arc is a neural pathway that controls an action reflex. In higher animals, most sensory neurons do not pass directly into the brain, but synapse in the spinal cord

Reflexion (band)
Reflexion is a mix of Gothic Metal, Alternative Metal and Melodic Hard Rock band from Finland.Formed as Enchanted in 1995, but in 1996 they changed their name to Barbarianz, and then to Reflexion in 2000.-Members:* Juha Kylmänen – Vocals

Reflexiones
Reflexiones is the 9th Studio album by Puerto Rican singer Yolandita Monge. It was released in 1976.-Track listing:# "Paginas del alma"# "Es la lluvia que cayendo va"# "Guardame"# "Yo creo que es mejor decir adios"

Reflexive
Reflexive may refer to:In fiction:*MetafictionIn grammar:*Reflexive pronoun, a pronoun with a reflexive relationship with its self-identical antecedent*Reflexive verb, where a semantic agent and patient are the same

Reflexive pronoun
A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that is preceded by the noun, adjective, adverb or pronoun to which it refers within the same clause. In generative grammar, a reflexive pronoun is an anaphor that must be bound by its antecedent

Reflexive verb
In grammar, a reflexive verb is a verb whose semantic agent and patient are the same. For example, the English verb to perjure is reflexive, since one can only perjure oneself

Reform
Reform means to put or change into an improved form or condition; to amend or improve by change of color or removal of faults or abuses, beneficial change, more specifically, reversion to a pure original state, to repair, restore or to correct.

Reform (disambiguation)
Reform is beneficial change.Reform may also refer to:*Reformed theology, the theological tradition of Calvinism*Reform, Alabama, an American town*Reform, Mississippi*Reform , an evangelical organisation within Anglicanism

Reform Judaism (magazine)
Reform Judaism is the official magazine of the Union for Reform Judaism. Its print edition has a quarterly circulation to 300,000 households, synagogues, and other Jewish institutions.- Awards and academic recognition :

Reform Judaism (North America)
Reform Judaism is the largest denomination of American Jews today. With an estimated 1.5 million members, it also accounts for the largest number of Jews affiliated with Progressive Judaism worldwide.- Reform Jewish theology :Rabbi W