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J
Ĵ or ĵ is a letter in Esperanto orthography representing the sound .While Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for its four postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets, the base letters are Romano-Germanic

J
J is the tenth letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet.-History:J originated as a swash character to end some Roman numerals in place of i. A distinctive usage emerged in Middle High German

J (disambiguation)
J is the tenth letter of the Latin alphabet.J may also refer to:* Palatal approximant in the International Phonetic Alphabet- Astronomy :* J, a provisional designation prefix for some objects discovered between May 1 and 15 of a year

J (psychedelic)
Benzodioxolylbutanamine is an entactogen, psychedelic, and stimulant of the phenethylamine chemical class. It is the α-ethyl analogue of methylenedioxyphenethylamine and methylenedioxyamphetamine .BDB was first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin

J'accuse (letter)
"J'accuse" was an open letter published on January 13, 1898, in the newspaper L'Aurore by the influential writer Émile Zola.In the letter, Zola addressed President of France Félix Faure, and accused the government of anti-Semitism and the unlawful jailing of Alfred Dreyfus, a French Army General Staff officer sentenced to penal servitude for life for espionage

J.M. Meulenhoff
J.M. Meulenhoff is a Dutch publishing house, which has built a reputation publishing literary works in Dutch and in translation. For many decades, the company was led by Laurens van Krevelen, who received the Jan Hein Donner Award in 2007.In 2001, the company's reputation was damaged

Jaan
"jaan" is a Dari and Persian word and means life. It is also used in Urdu, Dari, Persian and Pashto for the English word "dear", but in these languages it is used after the name, not before the name.Jaan may be:*Jaan

Jaana
-People:* Jaana Pelkonen, a television host* Jaana Kunitz, a ballroom dancer* Jaana Saarinen, an actress* Jaana Savolainen, a cross-country skier-In fiction:* Jaana the druid, fictional character in Ultima game series.

Jab
A jab is a type of punch used in the martial arts.Several variations of the jab exist, but every jab shares these characteristics: while in a fighting stance, the lead fist is thrown straight ahead and the arm is fully extended

JAB
JAB was an Australian punk rock that band formed in Adelaide in 1976. The band's original lineup consisted of Bohdan X on guitar and vocals, Ash Wednesday playing bass guitar, synthesizer and tapes, and Johnny Crash on drums and vocals. The band took its name from the first initials of the founding members

Jabberwocky
"Jabberwocky" is a nonsense verse poem written by Lewis Carroll in his 1872 novel Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There, a sequel to Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Jabberwocky (1971 film)
Jabberwocky is a 1971 Czechoslovak animated short film written and directed by Jan Švankmajer, based loosely on the poem "Jabberwocky" by Lewis Carroll. It was produced by Erna Kmínková, Marta Sichová, Jirí Vanek, and animated by Vlasta Pospísilová.-Plot:

Jabi
Jabi is one of the 51 Union Councils of Khushab District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. It is located at 32°23'60N 72°5'60E

Jabot
Jabot may be:* Jabot Cosmetics, fictional company depicted in the soap Young and the Restless.* Jabot, Jabot knot for tying an Ascot tie* Jabot Airport, an airport on Jabat Island in the Marshall Islands* Jabat Island, an island in the Marshall Islands

Jabot (neckwear)
Jabot |bird's crop]]); alternatively a bird's croup or craw. Originally the term jabot referred to the frilling or ruffles decorating the front of a shirt

Jabuka
Jabuka is a village in the Republic of Serbia. It is situated in the Pančevo municipality, in the South Banat District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population is 6,312 .- Name :

Jabuka (island)
Jabuka is an uninhabited volcanic island in the Adriatic Sea, west of the island of Vis. It is part of the Dalmatian archipelago. The closest land mass, yet small, are Svetac and Brusnik.-Flora and fauna:

Jacamar
The jacamars are a family, Galbulidae, of near passerine birds from tropical South and Central America, extending up to Mexico. The order contains five genera and 18 species

Jacinto
Jacinto is a Spanish and Portuguese name meaning Hyacinth, which can refer to Saint Hyacinth, a Roman martyr , or the Hyacinth flower itself.A common English nickname for Jacinto is Jack.-See also:*Hyacinth*San Jacinto*Jacinta

Jack
The name Jack is a pet name for John, commonly so in the Northeastern United States. Jack may also refer to:-Computers:* Jack , a 3-D ergonomics and human factors CAD package* Jack , an audio CD ripper

Jack (band)
Jack were a British alternative rock band formed in Cardiff, Wales, in 1992. Their orchestral pop was heavily influenced by artists such as Scott Walker and drew comparisons to Pulp, Tindersticks and The Divine Comedy

Jack (CAD software)
Jack is a 3-D interactive ergonomics and human factors CAD package developed by the University of Pennsylvania’s Center for Human Modeling and Simulation

Jack (human modeling)
The Jack human simulation system was developed at the Center for Human Modeling and Simulation at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1980s & 1990s. Conceived as an ergonomic assessment and virtual human prototyping system for NASA space shuttle development, it soon gathered funding from the U.S. Navy and U.S. Army for dismounted soldier simulation, from the U.S

Jack (software)
Jack is a command line CD ripping program for Linux. The program is written in Python and possesses many configurable options. , Jack supports ripping audio CDs to Ogg Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, and Musepack files. The program uses CDDB to tag and rename ripped files. It is available under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

Jack Frost (manhwa)
Jack Frost is an ongoing manhwa series by Jinho Ko . In May 2009, the first volume of Jack Frost was released by Yen Press in English.-Plot:

Jack Frost (TV special)
Jack Frost was an animated television special, directed by Jules Bass and Arthur Rankin, Jr. and written by Romeo Muller; it premiered on NBC on December 13, 1979. This stop motion animated special tells the tale of Jack Frost, the winter sprite, and his adventures as a human

Jack O'Lantern (comics)
Jack O'Lantern, in comics, may refer to:* Jack O'Lantern , from Ireland and fictional country Bialya* Jack O'Lantern , incarnations of a supervillain, from U.S. and England

Jack of All Trades
Jack of All Trades is a half-hour long syndicated comedy/action television series which ran for two seasons in 2000. With Cleopatra 2525, it formed the Back2Back Action Hour and both shows were notable for being the first American non-animated action series to be produced in the half-hour format since the 1970s

Jack of all trades
Jack of all trades may refer to:*Jack of all trades, master of none, an aphorism*Jack of All Trades , an American syndicated comedy/action program*Jack of All Trades , a 2007 album by Wildchild

Jack of all Trades (album)
Jack of All Trades is a 2007 album by Stones Throw rapper Wildchild. It features production from other Stones Throw artists, such as Madlib, Oh No, and Georgia Anne Muldrow, as well as outside producers Black Milk and others.-Track listing:

Jack Russell (musician)
Jack Russell , is an American rock vocalist. He is a founding member of the American hard rock band Great White.-Biography:

Jack-in-the-box
A jack-in-the-box is a children's toy that outwardly consists of a box with a crank. When the crank is turned, it plays a melody, often "Pop Goes the Weasel". At the end of the tune there is a "surprise", the lid pops open and a figure, usually a clown or jester, pops out of the box

Jack-in-the-Box
Jack-in-the-Box is a fictional character in the comic book series Astro City. Created by writer Kurt Busiek and artists Brent Anderson and Alex Ross, Jack-in-the-Box is a prominent superhero of Astro City

Jack-in-the-Box (Marvel Comics)
Jack-in-the-Box is a fictional character, a mutant in the Marvel Comics Universe. He first appeared in Weapon X: The Draft - Sauron #1.-Fictional character biography:

Jackal (comics)
Jackal, in comics, may refer to:*Jackal , a mad scientist and enemy of Spider-Man in the Marvel Comics universe*Jackal, a terrorist and enemy of Superman in the DC Comics universeIt may also refer to:

Jackass
A jackass is a male donkey.Jackass may also refer to:In entertainment:* Jackass ** Jackass: The Movie, 2002** Jackass Number Two, 2006 film** Jackass 2.5, a DVD release** Jackass: The Game, a video game

Jackboot
The term Jackboot denotes two very different styles of military boot, the Cavalry Jackboot and the Hobnailed Jackboot, and its derivatives.-Cavalry Jackboot:

Jackdaw
The Jackdaw , sometimes known as the Eurasian Jackdaw, European Jackdaw or Western Jackdaw, is a passerine bird in the crow family. Found across Europe, western Asia and North Africa, it is mostly sedentary, although northern and eastern populations migrate south in winter. Four subspecies are recognised

Jackdaw (disambiguation)
-Birds:* European Jackdaw , Corvus monedula, a species of the crow family* Daurian Jackdaw, Corvus dauuricus, an Asian species of the crow family-Other:

Jacket
A jacket is a hip- or waist-length garment for the upper body. A jacket typically has sleeves, and fastens in the front. A jacket is generally lighter, tighter-fitting, and less insulating than a coat, which is outerwear

Jacket (magazine)
Jacket is an on-line literary periodical edited by the Australian poet John Tranter. The first issue was in October 1997.Each new number of the magazine is posted at the Web site piece by piece until the new issue is full, when the next issue starts. Past issues remain posted as well

Jackie (1921 film)
Jackie is a 1921 drama film directed by John Ford. The film is considered to be lost.-Cast:* Shirley Mason - Jackie* William Scott - Mervyn Carter* Harry Carter - Bill Bowman* George Stone - Benny* John Cook - Winter* Elsie Bambrick - Millie

Jackknife
Jackknife may refer to:* Jackknife, pocket knife* Jacknife, 1989 American film* Jackknife, jackknife hold, a pinning move in wrestling* Jackknife, kicking move involving 540-degree rotationJackknife may refer to:* Jackknife, pocket knife

Jackpot
-Comics:* Jackpot , the name of several comic book characters* Jackpot Comics, a 1941 American comic book from MLJ Publications* Jackpot , a 1979–1982 British comic book-Film and television:* The Jackpot, a 1950 comedy

Jackpot (comics)
Jackpot is the hero name shared by two fictional comic book characters, Sara Ehret and Alana Jobson, owned by Marvel Comics and primarily appearing in Spider-Man's stories

Jackpot (film)
Jackpot is a 2001 comedy-drama film directed by Michael Polish and written by Michael and his brother, Mark Polish. It had a limited release in the USA on July 27, 2001.-Plot summary:

Jacks
Jacks is a playground game for children.

Jackson
- United States :*Jackson, Alabama*Jackson, California*Jackson, Georgia*Jackson, Kentucky*Jackson, Louisiana*Jackson, Maine*Jackson, Michigan*Jackson, Minnesota*Jackson, Mississippi, the state capital*Jackson, Missouri*Jackson, Nebraska

Jackson (name)
Jackson is a common surname of English and Scottish origin. It literally means "son of Jack". In 1980 Jackson was the 24th most popular surname in England and Wales

Jacksonian
Jacksonian may refer to:*Jacksonian Democrats, party faction*Jacksonian democracy, American political philosophy *Jacksonian seizure, in neurology

Jacksonville (Amtrak station)
Jacksonville Amtrak station is a passenger train station in Jacksonville, Florida, United States. It is served by Amtrak's Silver Meteor, Silver Star, and Thruway Motorcoach to Lakeland

Jacob
Jacob "heel" or "leg-puller"), also later known as Israel , as described in the Hebrew Bible, the Talmud, the New Testament and the Qur'an was the third patriarch of the Hebrew people with whom God made a covenant, and ancestor of the tribes of Israel, which were named after his descendants.In the Hebrew Bible, he is the son of Isaac and Rebekah, the grandson of Abraham and

Jacob (given name)
-Theological:* Jacob, son of Isaac, twin brother of Esau, and grandson of Abraham in the Hebrew Bible* Yaqub, Qur'an - see Islamic view of Jacob* Yakub, Nation of Islam* Various saints known as Saint James* Jakub, Polish, Czech and Slovak version

Jacob (name)
Jacob is a common male first name and a less well-known surname. Since 1999 and through 2010, Jacob has been the most popular baby name for newborn boys in United States. It is a cognate of James.

Jacob Burck
Jacob "Jake" Burck was an American painter, sculptor, and Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist.-Early years:Jacob Burck was born January 10, 1907, near Białystok, Poland, the son of ethnic Jewish parents, Abraham Burck and Rebecca Lev Burck

Jacobs
Jacobs may refer to:PeoplePlaces*Jacobs, Louisville, Kentucky, USA*Jacobs, Wisconsin, USA*St. Jacobs, Ontario, CanadaEducation*Jacobs School of Music, in Indiana University, Indiana, USA*Jacobs University Bremen, in GermanyOther uses

Jacobs (surname)
Jacobs is a patronymic medieval surname. Its origin is from the given name Jacob, derived from the Latin Jacobus, itself derived from the Hebrew language personal name Yaakov, from the Hebrew word akev . It is a common in English speaking countries and with Jewish people. There are many variant spellings

Jacobson (surname)
Jacobson is an English language patronymic surname meaning "son of Jacob". The prefix is an Ashkenazic variation of the Latin Jacobus, itself derived from the Hebrew language given name Yaakov . The suffix, -son denotes "son/descendent of". There are several variants

Jacopo
Jacopo may refer to:* Jacopo Bassano , Italian painter* Jacopo da Bologna , Italian composer* Jacopo Comin , Italian painter otherwise known as Tintoretto

Jacqueline (name)
Jacqueline or Jacquelyn is a female given name. It has spelling variations and slight variants in both spelling and pronunciation have come into use, such as: Jacquelyn, Jaclyn, Jacklyn, Jaklin, Jacqlyn, Jacquelin, Jackeline and Jacklin

Jacqueline (painting)
Jacqueline is an oil painting by Pablo Picasso. Created in 1961, the New York Times described it as "a black, gray and white Cubist oil of Jacqueline Roque, Picasso’s second wife." On February 28, 2007, the painting was one of two stolen from the home of Picasso's granddaughter Diana Widmaier-Picasso. The other was Maya with Doll.-External linkns:*] case file]

Jacqueline (The Coral song)
"Jacqueline" is a song by indie rock band The Coral, released as the second single from their fourth studio album, Roots & Echoes on 1 October 2007 on an enhanced CD and two 7" singles.

Jacquelyn (name)
Jacquelyn,-cquel-yn, jac-que-lyn\) is a given name, derived from the respelling of Jacqueline with the -lyn suffix. It has two variant forms: Jacklyn and Jaclyn.- See also :* Jaclyn* Jacqueline* List of pages starting with "Jacquelyn"

Jacques (band)
Jacques were a British alternative rock band, formed as a side project by Anthony Reynolds and Matthew Scott, singer and guitarist with Jack. They released two albums and several EPs between 1997 and 2001.-History:

Jactitation
-Legal jactitation:In English law, jactitation is the maliciously boasting or giving out by one party that he or she is married to the other.In such a case, in order to prevent the common reputation of their marriage that might ensue, the procedure is by suit of jactitation of marriage, in which the petitioner alleges that the respondent boasts that he or she is married to the petitioner,

Jacuzzi (disambiguation)
Jacuzzi is a company producing whirlpool bathtubs and spas. The term 'jacuzzi' is often used generically to refer to any bathtub with underwater massage jets.Jacuzzi may also refer to:* Candido Jacuzzi , Italian-American inventor

Jada (film)
Jada is a dramatic film released in 2008. It was directed by Clifton Powell.-Plot:A struggling widow named Jada goes through life in a tough urban neighborhood while taking care of her troubled son, Jamal , and daughter, Jasmine .-Plot summary:Jada is the story of a woman whose life becomes chaotic when her husband is killed

Phillip Price
John Phillip Price is a Welsh professional golfer who plays on the European Tour.-Professional golfer:Price turned professional in 1989 and qualified for membership of the European Tour for the 1991 season via the 1990 Qualifying School. His best year on the tour came in 2000, when he finished eighth on the Order of Merit

Phillip Wilcher
Phillip Wilcher is an Australian pianist and composer, also known as the Fifth Wiggle, since he was one of the founding members of the Wiggles, Australia's richest entertainers, who left the group after the group's debut album in 1991.

Phillipe de Plessis
Phillipe de Plessis was the 13th Grand Master of the Knights Templar. He was born in the fortress of Plessis-Macé, Anjou, France. In 1189 he joined the Third Crusade as a simple knight, and discovered the Order of the Temple in Palestine. After the death of Gilbert Horal he became Grand Master. He helped uphold the treaty between Saladin and Richard I

Phillips 66
Phillips 66 is a brand of gasoline and service station in the U.S. It is owned by the ConocoPhillips Company.Phillips 66 will also be the name of the future downstream company created when ConocoPhillips repositions its integrated assets and businesses into two independent, publicly-traded companies, planned for in 2012

Phillips Exeter Academy
Phillips Exeter Academy is a private secondary school located in Exeter, New Hampshire, in the United States.Exeter is noted for its application of Harkness education, a system based on a conference format of teacher and student interaction, similar to the Socratic method of learning through asking questions and creating discussions

Phillips, Craig and Dean
Phillips, Craig and Dean is a contemporary Christian music trio composed of Randy Phillips, Shawn Craig, and Dan Dean. Since forming in 1991, they have released 12 albums and earned 18 No. 1 radio singles

Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley was the first African American poet and first African-American woman whose writings were published. Born in Gambia, Senegal, she was sold into slavery at age seven

Philo Farnsworth
Philo Taylor Farnsworth was an American inventor and television pioneer. Although he made many contributions that were crucial to the early development of all-electronic television, he is perhaps best known for inventing the first fully functional all-electronic image pickup device , the "image dissector", the first fully functional and

Philo Wallace
Philo Alphonso Wallace is a Barbadian cricketer who plays for the West Indies.Having first attempted to get into cricket in 1990, he made the big time in 1997–98 after hitting 198 runs in two Test matches

Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Latin for "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy", often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Sir Isaac Newton, first published 5 July 1687. Newton also published two further editions, in 1713 and 1726

Philosophy
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument

Philosophy (journal)
Philosophy is the scholarly journal of the Royal Institute of Philosophy. It is designed to be intelligible to the non-specialist reader and has been in continuous publication for over 80 years. It is published by Cambridge University Press and is currently edited by Anthony O'Hear.-See also:* information from Royal Institute of Philosophy

Philosophy of education
Philosophy of education can refer to either the academic field of applied philosophy or to one of any educational philosophies that promote a specific type or vision of education, and/or which examine the definition, goals and meaning of education.

Philosophy of history
The term philosophy of history refers to the theoretical aspect of history, in two senses. It is customary to distinguish critical philosophy of history from speculative philosophy of history

Philosophy of mind
Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain. The mind-body problem, i.e

Philosophy of physics
In philosophy, the philosophy of physics studies the fundamental philosophical questions underlying modern physics, the study of matter and energy and how they interact. The philosophy of physics begins by reflecting on the basic metaphysical and epistemological questions posed by physics: causality, determinism, and the nature of physical law

Phineas and Ferb
Phineas and Ferb is an American animated television comedy series. Originally broadcast as a preview on August 17, 2007, on Disney Channel, the series follows Phineas Flynn and his English stepbrother Ferb Fletcher on summer vacation. Every day the boys embark on some grand new project, which annoys their controlling sister, Candace, who tries to bust them

Phineas Gage
Phineas P. Gage was an American railroad construction foreman now remembered for his improbablesurvival of an accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head, destroying much of his brain's left frontal lobe, and for that injury's reported effects on his personality and behavior – effects so profound that friends saw him as

Phloiophilidae
Phloiophilidae is a very small family of beetles, in the suborder Polyphaga. It contains the single genus Phloiophilus with the single species Phloiophilus edwardsi.

Phloroglucinol
Phloroglucinol is a benzenetriol. It is an organic compound that is used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and explosives. This molecule exists in two forms, or tautomers, 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene, which has phenol-like, and 1,3,5-cyclohexanetrione , which has ketone-like character. These two tautomers are in equilibrium

Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh is the capital and largest city of Cambodia. Located on the banks of the Mekong River, Phnom Penh has been the national capital since the French colonized Cambodia, and has grown to become the nation's center of economic and industrial activities, as well as the center of security, politics, economics, cultural heritage, and diplomacy of Cambodia.Once known as the “Pearl

Phobos (moon)
Phobos is the larger and closer of the two natural satellites of Mars. Both moons were discovered in 1877. With a mean radius of , Phobos is 7.24 times as massive as Deimos

Phoebe (moon)
Phoebe is an irregular satellite of Saturn. It was discovered by William Henry Pickering on 17 March 1899 from photographic plates that had been taken starting on 16 August 1898 at the Boyden Observatory near Arequipa, Peru, by DeLisle Stewart

Phoebe Laub
Phoebe Snow was an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist, best known for her chart-topping 1975 hit "Poetry Man".

Phoebus, Virginia
Phoebus was an incorporated town located in Elizabeth City County on the Virginia Peninsula in eastern Virginia. Upon incorporation in 1900, it was named in honor of local businessman Harrison Phoebus , who is credited with convincing the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway to extend its tracks to the town from Newport News.The town and county are both extinct, as they were

Phoenix (band)
Phoenix is a Grammy Award winning French indie rock band from Versailles, founded by Thomas Mars, Deck d'Arcy, Christian Mazzalai and Laurent Brancowitz.-Formation and early years:

Phoenix (mythology)
The phoenix or phenix is a mythical sacred firebird that can be found in the mythologies of the Arabian, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese, Indian and Phoenicians.

Phoenix International Raceway
Phoenix International Raceway, also known as PIR, is a one-mile, low-banked tri-oval race track located in Avondale, Arizona. The track opened in 1964 and currently hosts two NASCAR race weekends annually. PIR has also hosted the Indycar Series, CART, USAC and the Rolex Sports Car Series

Phoenix Park
Phoenix Park is an urban park in Dublin, Ireland, lying 2–4 km west of the city centre, north of the River Liffey. Its 16 km perimeter wall encloses , one of the largest walled city parks in Europe. It includes large areas of grassland and tree-lined avenues, and since the seventeenth century has been home to a herd of wild Fallow deer

Phoenix Shot Tower
The Phoenix Shot Tower, also known as the Old Baltimore Shot Tower, is a red brick shot tower, tall, located near the downtown and Little Italy areas of Baltimore, Maryland. When it was completed in 1828 it was the tallest structure in the United States

Phoenix Theatre (London)
The Phoenix Theatre is a West End theatre in the London Borough of Camden, located on Charing Cross Road . The entrance is in Phoenix Street.

Phoenix Trotting Park
The Phoenix Trotting Park, a horse racing track, was originally built in 1964 in Goodyear, Arizona. It opened in 1965 and was run for about two and a half seasons. The large, futuristically designed structure gave an optimistic look for the 1960s.

Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix is the capital, and largest city, of the U.S. state of Arizona, as well as the sixth most populated city in the United States. Phoenix is home to 1,445,632 people according to the official 2010 U.S. Census Bureau data

Pholcodine
Pholcodine is a drug which is an opioid cough suppressant . It helps suppress unproductive coughs and also has a mild sedative effect, but has little or no analgesic effects. It is also known as morpholinylethylmorphine.

Phonetic transcription
Phonetic transcription is the visual representation of speech sounds . The most common type of phonetic transcription uses a phonetic alphabet, e.g., the International Phonetic Alphabet.

Phonogram Records
Phonogram Records was started in 1962 as a joint venture between Philips Records and Deutsche Grammophon. In 1972, Phonogram was merged with Polydor Records into PolyGram.

Phonological history of English consonants
The phonological history of English consonants is part of the phonological history of the English language in terms of changes in the phonology of consonants.-H-cluster reductions:* The wine–whine merger is the merger of with

Phonology
Phonology is, broadly speaking, the subdiscipline of linguistics concerned with the sounds of language. That is, it is the systematic use of sound to encode meaning in any spoken human language, or the field of linguistics studying this use

Phorbol
Phorbol is a natural, plant-derived organic compound. It is a member of the tigliane family of diterpenes. It was first isolated in 1934 as the hydrolysis product of croton oil, which is derived from the seeds of Croton tiglium. Phorbol's structure was determined in 1967

Phorusrhacos
Phorusrhacos was a genus of giant flightless predatory birds that lived in Patagonia, containing the single species Phorusrhacos longissimus. Their closest living relatives are the much smaller seriema birds

Phosphatase
A phosphatase is an enzyme that removes a phosphate group from its substrate by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl group . This action is directly opposite to that of phosphorylases and kinases, which attach phosphate groups to their substrates by using energetic molecules like ATP

Phosphate
A phosphate, an inorganic chemical, is a salt of phosphoric acid. In organic chemistry, a phosphate, or organophosphate, is an ester of phosphoric acid. Organic phosphates are important in biochemistry and biogeochemistry or ecology. Inorganic phosphates are mined to obtain phosphorus for use in agriculture and industry

Phosphine
Phosphine is the compound with the chemical formula PH3. It is a colorless, flammable, toxic gas. Pure phosphine is odourless, but technical grade samples have a highly unpleasant odor like garlic or rotting fish, due to the presence of substituted phosphine and diphosphine

Phospholipase
A phospholipase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic substances. There are four major classes, termed A, B, C and D, distinguished by the type of reaction which they catalyze:*Phospholipase A

Phosphor
A phosphor, most generally, is a substance that exhibits the phenomenon of luminescence. Somewhat confusingly, this includes both phosphorescent materials, which show a slow decay in brightness , and fluorescent materials, where the emission decay takes place over tens of nanoseconds

Phosphorescence
Phosphorescence is a specific type of photoluminescence related to fluorescence. Unlike fluorescence, a phosphorescent material does not immediately re-emit the radiation it absorbs. The slower time scales of the re-emission are associated with "forbidden" energy state transitions in quantum mechanics

Phosphorous acid
Phosphorous acid is the compound described by the formula H3PO3. This acid is diprotic , not triprotic as might be suggested by this formula. Phosphorous acid is as an intermediate in the preparation of other phosphorus compounds.-Nomenclature and tautomerism:H3PO3 is more clearly described with the structural formula HPO2

Phosphorus
Phosphorus is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus as a mineral is almost always present in its maximally oxidized state, as inorganic phosphate rocks

Phosphorus chlorides
Phosphorus pentachloride is the chemical compound with the formula PCl5. It is one of the most important phosphorus chlorides, others being PCl3 and POCl3. PCl5 finds use as a chlorinating reagent

Phosphorus cycle
The phosphorus cycle is the biogeochemical cycle that describes the movement of phosphorus through the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Unlike many other biogeochemical cycles, the atmosphere does not play a significant role in the movement of phosphorus, because phosphorus and phosphorus-based compounds are usually solids at the typical ranges of temperature and pressure found on

Phosphorus pentoxide
Phosphorus pentoxide is a chemical compound with molecular formula P4O10 . This white crystalline solid is the anhydride of phosphoric acid. It is a powerful desiccant.-Structure:

Phosphorus trichloride
Phosphorus trichloride is a chemical compound of phosphorus and chlorine, having chemical formula PCl3. Its shape is trigonal pyramidal. It is the most important of the three phosphorus chlorides. It is an important industrial chemical, being used for the manufacture of organophosphorus compounds for a wide variety of applications

Phosphorus triiodide
Phosphorus triiodide is an unstable red solid which reacts violently with water. It is a common misconception that PI3 is too unstable to be stored; it is, in fact, commercially available. It is widely used in organic chemistry for converting alcohols to alkyl iodides. It is also a powerful reducing agent

Phosphorus trioxide
Phosphorus trioxide is the chemical compound with the molecular formula P4O6. This compound was discovered by Neil G. Mehta . Although it should properly be named tetraphosphorus hexoxide, the name phosphorus trioxide preceded the knowledge of the compound's molecular structure, and its usage continues today. This colorless solid is structurally related to adamantane

Phosphotungstic acid
Phosphotungstic acid , tungstophosphoric acid , is a heteropoly acid with the chemical formula 31240. It normally present as a hydrate. EPTA is the name of ethanolic phosphotungstic acid, its alcohol solution used in biology. It has the appearance of small, colorless-grayish or slightly yellow-green crystals, with melting point 89 °C

Photinia
Photinia is a genus of about 40-60 species of small trees and large shrubs in the Rosaceae family. As interpreted here, they are restricted to warm temperate Asia, from the Himalaya east to Japan and south to India and Thailand, but some botanists also include the closely related North American species Heteromeles arbutifolia in Photinia as Photinia arbutifolia

Photo album
A photographic album, or photo album, is a collection of photographs, generally in a book. Some albums have compartments which the photos may be slipped into; other albums have heavy paper with an abrasive surface covered with clear plastic sheets, in which photos can be put

Photo booth
A photo booth is a vending machine or modern kiosk that contains an automated, usually coin-operated, camera and film processor. Today the vast majority of photo booths are digital. Traditionally photo booths contain a seat or bench designed to seat the one or two patrons being photographed

Photobacterium phosphoreum
Photobacterium phosphoreum or Vibrio phosphoreum is a Gram-negative bioluminescent bacterium living in symbiosis with marine organisms. It can emit bluish-green light thanks to a chemical reaction between FMN, luciferin and molecular oxygen catalysed by an enzyme called Luciferase.- In Popular Culture :P

Photobucket
Photobucket is an image hosting, video hosting, slideshow creation and photo sharing website. It was founded in 2003 by Alex Welch and Darren Crystal and received funding from Trinity Ventures. It was acquired by Fox Interactive Media in 2007.

Photochemical Logic Gates
A photochemical logic gate is based on the photochemical intersystem crossing and molecular electronic transition between photochemically active molecules, leading to logic gates that can be produced.-The OR gate electron–photon transfer chain:

Photocopier
A photocopier is a machine that makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply. Most current photocopiers use a technology called xerography, a dry process using heat

Photodiode
A photodiode is a type of photodetector capable of converting light into either current or voltage, depending upon the mode of operation.The common, traditional solar cell used to generateelectric solar power is a large area photodiode.

Photodissociation
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons. It is defined as the interaction of one or more photons with one target molecule.

Photoelectric effect
In the photoelectric effect, electrons are emitted from matter as a consequence of their absorption of energy from electromagnetic radiation of very short wavelength, such as visible or ultraviolet light. Electrons emitted in this manner may be referred to as photoelectrons

Photoelectric flame photometer
A photoelectric flame photometer is a device used in inorganic chemical analysis to determine the concentration of certain metal ions, among them sodium, potassium, lithium, and calcium.

Photogram
A photogram is a photographic image made without a camera by placing objects directly onto the surface of a photo-sensitive material such as photographic paper and then exposing it to light. The result is a negative shadow image varying in tone, depending on the transparency of the objects used

Photograph
A photograph is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic imager such as a CCD or a CMOS chip. Most photographs are created using a camera, which uses a lens to focus the scene's visible wavelengths of light into a reproduction of what the human eye would see

Photograph (Ariel Rivera album)
Photograph is the third album by Philippine singer, Ariel Rivera. The album was released three years after his second due to his acting career

Photographic plate
Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a means of photography. A light-sensitive emulsion of silver salts was applied to a glass plate. This form of photographic material largely faded from the consumer market in the early years of the 20th century, as more convenient and less fragile films were introduced

 
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