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Energy industry
The energy industry is the totality of all of the industries involved in the production and sale of energy, including fuel extraction, manufacturing, refining and distribution

Enfeoffment
Under the European feudal system, enfeoffment was the deed by which a person was given land in exchange for a pledge of service. This mechanism was later used to avoid restrictions on the passage of title in land by a system in which a landowner would give land to one person for the use of another

Enfilade (architecture)
In architecture, an enfilade is a suite of rooms formally aligned with each other. This was a common feature in grand European architecture from the Baroque period onwards, although there are earlier examples, such as the Vatican stanze

Enfilade (Xanadu)
Enfilades are a class of tree data structures used in Project Xanadu designs of the 1970s and 1980s. Enfilades allow quick editing, versioning, retrieval and inter-comparison operations in a large, cross-linked hypertext database

Enforcer
Enforcer may refer to:*A thug who uses physical force or the threat of physical force to coerce others*Enforcer , a role in ice hockey*Enforcer - Gaming :*Enforcer, a units in the Battle Realms video game

Enforcer (comics)
Enforcer is the name of two fictional character in the Marvel Universe.-Publication history:The Enforcer first appeared in Ghost Rider #22-24 , and was created by Gerry Conway, Don Glut, and Don Heck.

Enforcer (Landing Platform Dock)
The joint Spain/Netherlands Rotterdam/Galicia class of Landing Platform Dock naval vessels are called the Enforcer class for export.These vessels are designed to carry a battalion of troops and land them, and their vehicles.

Engage
Engage may refer to:* Engagement in preparation for marriage* Engage * Engage , a UK-based political organization* Engage , the UK National Association for Gallery Education

Engage (Stretch Arm Strong album)
Engage is the fourth album by hardcore band Stretch Arm Strong and their third release on Solid State Records-Track listing:# We Bleed# Raise Your Fist # Rising Again # Miles Apart# Devil Shoots Devil# Black Clouds# Defect

Engage (visual arts)
engage, National Association for Gallery Education, is based in the United Kingdom and promotes the visual arts through gallery education. engage's work helps galleries encourages people to participate in and enjoy the visual arts and become confident users of galleries and museums

Engaged (Arisa Mizuki song)
"Engaged" is the twenty-third single by Japanese recording artist Alisa Mizuki. It was released on February 6, 2008, nearly two years and a half since "C'est la Vie" and five years since her last solo single "Shout It Out"

Engagement (marketing)
Engagement measures the extent to which a consumer has a meaningful brand experience when exposed to commercial advertising, sponsorship, television contact, or other experience.

Engagement (military)
A military engagement is a combat between two forces, neither larger than a division and not smaller than a company, in which each has an assigned or perceived mission

Engel (band)
Engel is a melodic death metal band with alternative influences from Gothenburg, Sweden. They are currently signed to French label Season of Mist, but released their debut album Absolute Design via SPV GmbH/Steamhammer on October 31, 2007

Engels (disambiguation)
-People:*Friedrich Engels, German social scientist and philosopher*Ludwig Engels, German–Brazilian chess master*Wera Engels, German actress*Stefan Engels, German football player*Robert Engels, American writer, producer, and director

Engine
An engine or motor is a machine designed to convert energy into useful mechanical motion. Heat engines, including internal combustion engines and external combustion engines burn a fuel to create heat which is then used to create motion

Engine (album)
Engine is the second album by American Music Club. It was jointly released by Frontier and Grifter in the US and by Zippo in the UK and Europe in 1987. The 1998 Warner Bros. Records reissue added three additional tracks from the same period

Engine (computer science)
An engine is a continuation-based construct that provides timed preemption. Engines which can contain other engines are sometimes called nesters and engines which don't have this ability are then called flat engines or "solo engines" . To implement timed preemption there needs to be a clock. This clock can measure real time or simulated time

Engine (TV series)
is a Japanese television drama series from Fuji Television, first shown in Japan from 18 April to 27 June 2005.-Plot:Kanzaki Jiro is a backup F3000 driver in Europe. During a practice run, he accidentally crashes into his first driver and loses his job

Engine Trouble (short film)
Engine Trouble is a 2002 17-minute long fantasy short film about a 7 year old girl who is convinced by her tough-talking toy fire engine, Rusty, that he is needed as a reinforcement for the FDNY on September 11th

Engineer
An engineer is a professional practitioner of engineering, concerned with applying scientific knowledge, mathematics and ingenuity to develop solutions for technical problems. Engineers design materials, structures, machines and systems while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, safety and cost

Engineer (Film)
Engineer is a shelved Tamil language film directed by Gandhi Krishna and written by Sujatha originally slated to be released in 1999. The film was based on the true story of the Sardar Sarovar Dam project and was being made in Tamil with planned versions in Telugu and Hindi too. The film had featured Arvind Swamy and Madhuri Dixit in the leading roles, with music composed by A.R

Engineer (Technical Fest)
Engineer is an annual technical symposium in India organized by NITK Surathkal. The event was started after the amalgamation of many technical festivals held at NITK by student clubs

Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of people.The American Engineers' Council for Professional Development Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of people.The American Engineers' Council for Professional Development Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of people.The American Engineers' Council for Professional Development (ECPD, the predecessor of

Engineers (band)
Engineers are a British shoegazing/dream pop band. The band was formed in London in 2003 by singer/guitarist Simon Phipps, bassist/guitarist/keyboardist Mark Peters, bassist/guitarist Dan MacBean, and drummer Andrew Sweeney

Engins
Engins is a commune in the Isère department in south-eastern France.-See also:*Communes of the Isère department*Parc naturel régional du Vercors

English
English may refer to something of, from, or related to England, a country of the United Kingdom, especially:* The English language** The English language in England * The English people

English Channel (horse)
English Channel is an American Thoroughbred racehorse. Owned by James T. Scatuorchio and bred by Keene Ridge Farm, he was sired by Smart Strike out of the Theatrical mare Belva. In four years of racing, he competed in twenty three races, winning thirteen, finishing second in four, and finishing third in one

English saddle
English saddles are used to ride horses in English riding disciplines throughout the world. The discipline is not limited to England or English-speaking countries. This style of saddle is used in all of the Olympic and FEI equestrian disciplines, except for the newly-approved FEI events of equestrian vaulting and reining

English units of wine casks
Below is a list of old English units for wine casks. In addition to the items listed below see separate articles on Gallon, Barrel, Hogshead, Firkin, Puncheon, Butt and Tun.-Rundlet:

Englishman
Englishman may refer to:*English people*Grey Partridge*Jason Englishman, Canadian rock music singer and guitarist*Jenny-Bea Englishman, real name of the Canadien singer Esthero*Erald Briscoe, reggae musician who records under the name Englishman

Engrailed (gene)
engrailed is a homeodomain transcription factor involved in many aspects of multicellular development. First known for its role in arthropod embryological development, working in consort with the Hox genes, engrailed has been found to be important in other areas of development

Engram
Engram may refer to:*Engram , a hypothetical means by which memory traces are stored*Engram , a term used in Scientology and Dianetics for a "recording" of a past painful event not normally accessible to the conscious mind

Engrave (album)
Engrave is the second album released by Amulet.-Track listing:#"Come On"#"Mr. Incognito"#"Moving"#"Comfort Zone"#"Cliché Destination"#"Vowel"#"Our King That Day"#"You Keep Me Hangin' On"#"Street Kid"

Engrossing
Engrossing, forestalling and regrating were marketing offences in English common law. The terms were used to describe unacceptable methods of influencing the market, sometimes by creating a local monopoly for a certain good, usually food. The terms were often used together, and with overlapping meanings

ENIG
Electroless nickel immersion gold is a type of surface plating used for printed circuit boards. It consists of an electroless nickel plating covered with a thin layer of immersion gold, which protects the nickel from oxidation.

Enigma (comics)
Enigma, in comics, may refer to:* Enigma , a DC Comics character* Enigma , a title published by DC's imprint Vertigo* Enigma , a Marvel Comics character, also called Tara Virango

Enigma (DC Comics)
Enigma is a name used by two fictional characters, both supervillains in the . The character first appeared in Teen Titans Vol. 3 #38 and was created by Geoff Johns and Tony Daniel. A villain in Trinity has also used the name

Enigma (Ill Niño album)
-Singles:* "The Alibi of Tyrants" – The video was filmed live at the 2007 With Full Force festival in Germany.

Enigma (TV series)
Enigma is a Canadian documentary TV series about enigmas throughout history developed by Reel Time Images and VisionTV Reel Time Images. Each episode is 47 minutes and focuses on a riddle, a puzzle, or mystery, which the documentary sets out to solve or illuminate.-Episodes:# Aleister Crowley: The Beast 666: Aleister Crowley was an accomplished

Enjambment
Enjambment or enjambement is the breaking of a syntactic unit by the end of a line or between two verses. It is to be contrasted with end-stopping, where each linguistic unit corresponds with a single line, and caesura, in which the linguistic unit ends mid-line

Enjoy
Enjoy may refer to:*Enjoy , a comedy by Alan Bennett*Enjoy! , or the title song*Enjoy! , or the title song, "Enjoy "*Enjoy, an album by Bob Sinclar*"Enjoy"

Enjoyment (DVD)
Enjoyment is the follow-up DVD release to indie band Kaiser Chiefs' highly successful debut album Employment, released on November 28, 2005.

Enlaces
Enlaces is a Chilean educational program designed to create a structural change in Chilean education in order to prepare youth, along with their parents and guardians, to participate in the emergent society of knowledge, and to create networks of communication that help integrate them with the world

Enlargement
Enlargement may refer to:*the growth in membership of political entities:* Enlargement of the European Union is the political process for integrating countries into the European Union.* Enlargement of the African Union* Enlargement of the Arab League

EnLighten
enLighten is a Southern gospel music channel on XM Satellite Radio channel 18 , Sirius Satellite Radio channel 18 and on Dish Network channel 6067. Until February 9, 2010, it was on DirectTV channel 828, but all of Sirius XM programming was dropped in favor of SonicTap

Enlightenment
-Culture:*Age of Enlightenment, period in Western history and its corresponding movement*Enlightenment , a final blessed state free from ignorance, desire and suffering*Enlightenment in Western secular tradition*Enlightenment in Buddhism

Enlightenment (Van Morrison song)
"Enlightenment" is a single written by Northern Irish singer-songwriter Van Morrison and included on his 1990 album Enlightenment.Biographer Brian Hinton comments "'Enlightenment' is actually the opposite of what it sounds: it is full of doubt, not affirmation

Enmity
Enmity is a Avant-Garde Metal band from Cape Town, South Africa and has been active since 2007. Their debut full-length album, is a concept album exploring the lives of different serial killers from around the world.- History :

ENN
ENN may refer to:* Escapist News Network* Environmental News Network* Entertainment Network News* Everyday News Network* Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology* ENN.ie, an IT news publication in Ireland* ENN Solar, photovoltaic panel maker

Ennead
The Ennead was a group ofnine deities in Egyptian mythology. The Ennead were worshipped at Heliopolis and consisted of the god Atum, his children Shu and Tefnut, their children Geb and Nut and their children Osiris, Isis, Horus, Set and Nephthys.-Terminology:Egyptian mythology established multiple such groupings of deities,

Ennui (sonnet)
"Ennui" is a sonnet by Sylvia Plath published for the first time in November 2006 in the online literary journal Blackbird . Sylvia Plath wrote the Petrarchan sonnet “Ennui” during her undergraduate years at Smith College and may have intended to publish it, as she placed her name and address in the upper right-hand corner of the typed poem, a practice which she often followed with

Eno (people)
The Eno or Enoke, also called Wyanoak, was an American Indian tribe located in North Carolina during the 17th and 18th centuries that was later absorbed into the Catawba and/or the Saponi tribes.-History:

Enol
Enols are alkenes with a hydroxyl group affixed to one of the carbon atoms composing the double bond. Alkenes with a hydroxyl group on both sides of the double bond are called enediols. Deprotonated anions of enols are called enolates

Enos (butterfly)
Enos is a genus of butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. see also Mike Swann

Enoshima (Romancecar)
The is a "Romancecar" limited express train operated by Odakyu Electric Railway between Shinjuku Station and Katase-Enoshima Station.-Route:* Shinjuku Station - Shin-Yurigaoka Station - Sagami-Ōno Station - Yamato Station - Fujisawa Station - Katase-Enoshima StationThe last two outbound Homeway trains terminate at Fujisawa Station.-Rolling stock:* Odakyū 7000 series LSE The is a "Romancecar" limited express train operated by Odakyu Electric Railway between Shinjuku Station and Katase-Enoshima Station.-Route:* Shinjuku Station - Shin-Yurigaoka Station - Sagami-Ōno Station - Yamato Station - Fujisawa Station - Katase-Enoshima StationThe last two outbound Homeway trains terminate at Fujisawa Station.-Rolling stock:* Odakyū 7000 series LSE The is a "Romancecar" limited express train operated by Odakyu Electric Railway between Shinjuku Station and Katase-Enoshima Station.-Route:* Shinjuku Station - Shin-Yurigaoka Station - Sagami-Ōno Station - Yamato Station - Fujisawa Station - Katase-Enoshima StationThe last two outbound Homeway trains terminate at Fujisawa Station.-Rolling stock:* Odakyū 7000 series LSE (Used on a

Enough (disambiguation)
Enough is a 2002 film starring Jennifer Lopez.Enough may also refer to:In music:*"Enough" , a song by Tarja Turunen*"Enough", a song by Simply Red from A New Flame*"Enough", a song by Cat Power from Myra Lee

Enquiry character
In computer communications, enquiry is a transmission-control character that requests a response from the receiving station with which a connection has been set up. It represents a signal intended to trigger a response at the receiving end, to see if it is still present

ENRICH
ENRICH is a 125-item questionnaire—completed separately by a couple—that explores conflict resolution, role relationship, financial management, expectations, sexual relationship, personality compatibility, communication, marital satisfaction, and more

Enrichment
Enrichment may mean:*Education. *The process of adding nutrients to cereals or grain: see food fortification.*The process of adding sugar to grape must during winemaking in order to achieve a higher alcohol content of the wine, more commonly referred to as chaptalization.*Behavioral enrichment, the practice of providing animals under managed care with stimuli such as

Ens
Ens may refer to:*Ens , a village in the Dutch province of Flevoland*Ens, Hautes-Pyrénées, a town in France*Ens, Saskatchewan, a hamlet in CanadaENS may also refer to:*ENS Ltd, a London based PR agency that specializes in sport

J Hudson & Co
J Hudson & Co was founded in the 1870s in Birmingham by Joseph Hudson and his brother James Hudson . The company became a manufacturer of whistles and is still active today as Acme Whistles. Acme is the world’s largest and most famous producer of whistles

J-2 (rocket engine)
Rocketdyne's J-2 rocket engine was a major component of the Saturn V rocket used in the Apollo program to send men to the Moon. Five J-2 engines were used on the S-II second stage, and one J-2 was used on the S-IVB third stage. The S-IVB was also used as the second stage of the smaller Saturn IB rocket used to launch Apollo spacecraft into Earth orbit

J. B. S. Haldane
John Burdon Sanderson Haldane FRS , known as Jack , was a British-born geneticist and evolutionary biologist. A staunch Marxist, he was critical of Britain's role in the Suez Crisis, and chose to leave Oxford and moved to India and became an Indian citizen

J. C. Penney
-External links:*

J. D. Salinger
Jerome David Salinger was an American author, best known for his 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye, as well as his reclusive nature. His last original published work was in 1965; he gave his last interview in 1980.

J. D. Tippit
Tippit attended a Veterans Administration vocational training school at Bogata, Texas, from January 1950 until June 1952. He was then hired by the Dallas Police Department as a patrolman on July 28, 1952

J. Edgar Hoover
John Edgar Hoover was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States. Appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation—predecessor to the FBI—in 1924, he was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935, where he remained director until his death in 1972

J. Edgar Hoover Building
The J. Edgar Hoover Building is located in Washington, D.C. It is the headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation . The building, named for former FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, is located at 935 Pennsylvania Avenue NW. The building received its official name, the J. Edgar Hoover F.B.I

J. Frank Dobie
James Frank Dobie was an American folklorist, writer, and newspaper columnist best known for many books depicting the richness and traditions of life in rural Texas during the days of the open range

J. J. Thomson
Sir Joseph John "J. J." Thomson, OM, FRS was a British physicist and Nobel laureate. He is credited for the discovery of the electron and of isotopes, and the invention of the mass spectrometer

J. K. Rowling
Joanne "Jo" Rowling, OBE , better known as J. K. Rowling, is the British author of the Harry Potter fantasy series

J. M. Barrie
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, OM was a Scottish author and dramatist, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan. The child of a family of small-town weavers, he was educated in Scotland. He moved to London, where he developed a career as a novelist and playwright

J. M. W. Turner
Joseph Mallord William Turner RA was an English Romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker. Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day, but is now regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting

J. P. McManus
John Patrick "J. P." McManus is an Irish businessman and racehorse owner.- Early life :Born in Limerick, McManus began his business career at his family's construction plant hire firm, and then became an on-course bookmaker at Limerick's greyhound track, the Market's Field, before moving into horse ownership and punting and laying horses on the advice

J. P. Morgan
John Pierpont Morgan was an American financier, banker and art collector who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation during his time. In 1892 Morgan arranged the merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Electric Company to form General Electric

J. Presper Eckert
John Adam Presper "Pres" Eckert Jr. was an American electrical engineer and computer pioneer. With John Mauchly he invented the first general-purpose electronic digital computer , presented the first course in computing topics , founded the first commercial computer company , and

J. R. Firth
John Rupert Firth , commonly known as J. R. Firth, was an English linguist. He was Professor of English at the University of the Punjab from 1919-1928

J. R. R. Tolkien
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.Tolkien was Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton

J. Redwood Anderson
-Life:Anderson was born in Salford and educated at home and at Trinity College, Oxford. After travelling, he settled as a teacher in Kingston-upon-Hull.His play Babel was produced on a number of occasions, and was published by Ernest Benn in 1927

J. Richard Gott
John Richard Gott III is a professor of astrophysical sciences at Princeton University. He is known for developing and advocating two cosmological theories with the flavor of science fiction: Time travel and the Doomsday argument.- Exotic matter time travel theories :Paul Davies's bestseller How to Build a Time Machine credits Gott with the

J.C. Watts
Julius Caesar "J. C." Watts, Jr. is an American politician from Oklahoma who was a college football quarterback for the Oklahoma Sooners and professionally in the Canadian Football League. Watts served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1995 to 2003 as a Republican, representing the 4th congressional district in south-central Oklahoma

J.R. Ewing
John Ross Ewing, Jr., more commonly known as J. R. Ewing, played by Larry Hagman, was a central, nefarious figure on the hit CBS television series Dallas . J. R

Jabat Island
Jabat Island is an island in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district of the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands. Its total land area is only , and has a length of . It is located from Ailinglapalap Atoll

Jabiru Aircraft
Jabiru Aircraft Pty Ltd is an Australian aircraft manufacturer that produces a range of kit- and ready-built civil light aircraft in Bundaberg, Queensland. The company also designs and manufactures a range of light aircraft engines

Jacaranda
Jacaranda is a genus of 49 species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of South America , Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It is also found in Asia, especially in Nepal

Jack (mechanical)
A jack is a mechanical device used to lift heavy loads or apply great forces. Jacks employ a screw thread or hydraulic cylinder to apply very high linear forces.-Mechanical jack:

Jack and the Beanstalk
Jack and the Beanstalk is a folktale said by English historian Francis Palgrave to be an oral legend that arrived in England with the Vikings. The tale is closely associated with the tale of Jack the Giant-killer. It is known under a number of versions

Jack Armstrong, the All-American Boy
Jack Armstrong, the All-American Boy was a radio adventure series which maintained its popularity from 1933 to 1951. The program originated at WBBM in Chicago on July 31, 1933, and was later carried on CBS, then NBC and finally ABC.

JACK Audio Connection Kit
JACK is a professional sound server daemon that provides real-time, low latency connections for both audio and MIDI data between applications that implement its API

Jack Benny
Jack Benny was an American comedian, vaudevillian, and actor for radio, television, and film

Jack Billingham
John Eugene Billingham is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Los Angeles Dodgers , Houston Astros , Cincinnati Reds , Detroit Tigers and Boston Red Sox

Jack Broughton
John "Jack" Broughton was an English bare-knuckle fighter. He was the first person to ever codify a set of rules to be used in such contests; prior to this the "rules" that existed were very loosely defined and tended to vary from contest to contest

Jack Carter (comedian)
Jack Chakrin , known by his professional name of Jack Carter, is a Jewish-American comedian, actor and host. Brooklyn Born Carter had long-running comedy act similar to fellow rapid pace contemporaries Milton Berle and Morey Amsterdam

Jack Dempsey
William Harrison "Jack" Dempsey was an American boxer who held the world heavyweight title from 1919 to 1926. Dempsey's aggressive style and exceptional punching power made him one of the most popular boxers in history. Many of his fights set financial and attendance records, including the first million dollar gate

Jack Dempsey (fish)
The Jack Dempsey is a cichlid fish that is widely distributed across North and Central America

Jack Dempsey versus Luis Firpo
The Jack Dempsey versus Luis Ángel Firpo fight was a historical boxing fight: It was the first time that a Latin American fighter would challenge for the world Heavyweight title, and it would be one of the defining fights of Dempsey's career.-The fight:

Jack Diamond
Jack "Legs" Diamond , also known as Gentleman Jack, was a famous Irish-American gangster in Philadelphia and New York City during the Prohibition era

Jack Diamond (architect)
A.J. "Jack" Diamond, OC, O.Ont is a Canadian architect.Born in Piet Retief, South Africa, he received a Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Cape Town in 1956. He received a Master of Arts degree in politics, philosophy and economics from Oxford University in 1958

Jack Douglas (writer)
Jack Douglas was an American comedy writer who wrote for radio, television and a series of humor books, beginning with the bestselling My Brother Was an Only Child .-Radio:

Jack Graham (pastor)
Jack Graham is the Pastor of Prestonwood Baptist Church and the voice of PowerPoint Ministries, the broadcast ministry of Prestonwood. Prestonwood is one of the United States’s largest congregations, with a membership exceeding 28,000.

Jack Greene
Jack Greene is an American country musician nicknamed the "Jolly Green Giant" and well known for his 1966 hit "There Goes My Everything."-Early career:

Jack Handey
Jack Handey is an American humorist. He is best known for his Deep Thoughts by Jack Handey, a large body of surrealistic one-liner jokes, as well as his "Fuzzy Memories" and "My Big Thick Novel" shorts. Although many people assume otherwise, Handey is a real person, not a pen name or character.-Early years:Handey was born in San Antonio, Texas, in 1949

Jack Hanna
John Bushnell "Jack" Hanna is an American zookeeper who is the Director Emeritus of the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium. He was Director of the zoo from 1978 to 1993, and is viewed as largely responsible for elevating its quality and reputation. His media appearances have made him one of the most notable animal experts in the United States

Jack Hargreaves
Jack Hargreaves OBE was an author and television presenter in the UK. His enduring interest was to comment without nostalgia or sentimentality on accelerating distortions in relations between the city and the countryside.

Jack Harkness
Captain Jack Harkness is a fictional character played by John Barrowman in Doctor Who and its spin-off series, Torchwood. He first appeared in the 2005 Doctor Who episode "The Empty Child" and reappeared in the remaining episodes of the 2005 series as a companion of the ninth incarnation of the series' protagonist the Doctor

Jack Holt (actor)
Jack Holt was an American motion picture actor. He was a leading man of silent and sound films, and was known for his many roles in Westerns.-Early life:

Jack in the Box
Jack in the Box is an American fast-food restaurant founded by Robert O. Peterson in 1951 in San Diego, California, where it is still headquartered today. In total, the chain has 2,200 locations, primarily serving the West Coast of the United States

Jack Jouett
John "Jack" Jouett, Jr. was a politician and a hero of the American Revolution, known as the "Paul Revere of the South" for his late night ride to warn Thomas Jefferson, then the Governor of Virginia, and the Virginia legislature of coming British cavalry who had been sent to capture them

Jack jumper ant
The jack jumper ant, hopper ant, jumper ant or jumping jack, Myrmecia pilosula, is a species of bull ant that is native to Australia

Jack Kerouac
Jean-Louis "Jack" Lebris de Kerouac was an American novelist and poet. He is considered a literary iconoclast and, alongside William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg, a pioneer of the Beat Generation. Kerouac is recognized for his spontaneous method of writing, covering topics such as Catholic spirituality, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel

Jack Kid Berg
Judah Bergman, known as Jack Kid Berg or Jackie Kid Berg , was an English boxer born in the East End of London.-Biography:Judah Bergman was born in Romford Street near Cable Street, St George in the East, Stepney

Jack Kingston
One of the counties he represents is Wheeler County.John Heddens "Jack" Kingston is the U.S. Representative for , serving since 1993. He is a member of the Republican Party.- Early life, education and career:

Jack Kramer (tennis player)
John Albert Kramer was an American tennis player of the 1940s. A World Number 1 player for a number of years, he is a possible candidate for the title of the greatest tennis player of all time. He was considered the father and the leading promoter of the professional tennis tours

Jack Lang (Australian politician)
John Thomas Lang , usually referred to as J.T. Lang during his career, and familiarly known as "Jack" and nicknamed "The Big Fella" was an Australian politician who was Premier of New South Wales for two terms

Jack Lawson
John James "Jack" Lawson, 1st Baron Lawson PC , was a British trade unionist and a Labour politician. A miner and later Member of Parliament in County Durham, he served in the governments of Ramsay MacDonald and Clement Attlee.-Background:Lawson was born in the port town of Whitehaven, Cumberland, and grew up in the nearby village of Kells

Jack Layton
John Gilbert "Jack" Layton, PC was a Canadian social democratic politician and the Leader of the Official Opposition. He was the leader of the New Democratic Party from 2003 to 2011, and previously sat on Toronto City Council, serving at times during that period as acting mayor and deputy mayor of Toronto

Jack London
John Griffith "Jack" London was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone

Jack Lord
John Joseph Patrick Ryan , best known by his stage name Jack Lord, was an American television, film, and Broadway actor. He was known for his starring role as Steve McGarrett in the American television program Hawaii Five-O from 1968 to 1980. Lord appeared in feature films earlier in his career, among them Man of the West

Jack Ma
Jack Ma is founder, chairman and chief executive officer of Alibaba Group and chairman of Alibaba.com, the Hong Kong-listed unit of Alibaba Group.-Early life:

Jack Nicklaus
Jack William Nicklaus , nicknamed "The Golden Bear", is an American professional golfer. He won 18 career major championships on the PGA Tour over a span of 25 years and is widely regarded as one of the greatest professional golfers of all time. In addition to his 18 Majors, he was runner-up a record 19 times, and placed 3rd an additional 9 times

Jack Pine
Jack pine is a North American pine with its native range in Canada east of the Rocky Mountains from Northwest Territories to Nova Scotia, and the northeast of the United States from Minnesota to Maine, with the southernmost part of the range just into northwest Indiana

Jack Roush
Jack Roush is the founder, CEO, and co-owner along with John Henry of Roush Fenway Racing, a NASCAR team headquartered in Concord, North Carolina, and is Chairman of the Board of Roush Enterprises.

Jack Schaefer
Jack Warner Schaefer was a twentieth century American author known for his Westerns. His most famous work is Shane, which was made into a critically acclaimed movie, and the short story "Stubby Pringle's Christmas" .-Biography:Schaefer was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of an attorney

Jack Skellington
Jack Skellington is the protagonist in the 1993 Disney film The Nightmare Before Christmas. Jack is the "Pumpkin King" of Halloween Town and lives in a fantasy world based solely on the Halloween holiday

Jack the Ripper
"Jack the Ripper" is the best-known name given to an unidentified serial killer who was active in the largely impoverished areas in and around the Whitechapel district of London in 1888. The name originated in a letter, written by someone claiming to be the murderer, that was disseminated in the media

Jack Van Impe
Jack Leo Van Impe is a televangelist who is known for his half-hour weekly television series Jack Van Impe Presents, an eschatological commentary on the news of the week through his interpretation of the Bible

Jack Vettriano
Jack Vettriano OBE born Jack Hoggan , is a Scottish painter.- Early life :Jack Vettriano grew up in the industrial seaside town of Methil, Fife. He left school at 16 and later became an apprentice mining engineer. Vettriano did not take up painting as a hobby until the 1970s, when a girlfriend bought him a set of watercolours for his 21st birthday

Jack Wasserman
Jack Wasserman was a nightlife and celebrity columnist for the Vancouver Sun newspaper from 1949 on. He also had a radio program on the Vancouver talk-radio station CJOR .

Jackal
Although the word jackal has been historically used to refer to many small- to medium-sized species of the wolf genus of mammals, Canis, today it most properly and commonly refers to three species: the black-backed jackal and the side-striped jackal of sub-Saharan Africa, and the golden jackal of northern Africa and south-central Eurasia

Jackal Buzzard
The Jackal Buzzard is a 45–55 cm long African bird of prey. The taxonomy on this species is confusing, with some taxonomists considering this species, the Archer's Buzzard, and the Augur Buzzard to be the same superspecies. Many taxonomists consider them all to be distinct, having different calls, different home ranges and variations in plumage