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(1)   The act of filling something with air
(2)   Lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity
(3)   (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang
(4)   A general and progressive increase in prices
"In inflation everything gets more valuable except money"


From , from , from , the perfect passive participle of , from + .


  1. An act, instance of, or state of expansion or increase in size, especially by injection of a gas.
    The inflation of the balloon took five hours.
  2. An increase in the general level of prices or in the cost of living.
  3. A decline in the value of money.
  4. An increase in the quantity of money. Usually describes the creation of more fiat money or paper tickets by a nation-state. Leads to the devaluation of existing money, and all prices in that money rise. Price increases are a consequence of inflation.
  5. Undue expansion or increase, as of academic grades.
  6. An extremely rapid expansion of the universe, theorised to have occurred very shortly after the big bang.