(1) Systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Coined in 1943 by Raphael Lemkin (1900–1959), a Polish-Jewish legal scholar, to describe what the Turkish government (ca 1915-18) perpetrated against the Armenian people. From the stem of or , + .
- The systematic killing of substantial numbers of people on the basis of ethnicity, religion, political opinion, social status, or other particularity.
- Acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.