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(1)   The act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
(2)   Restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people
(3)   The basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories
(4)   A group of people or things arranged by class or category


  1. The act of forming into a class or classes; a distribution into groups, as classes, orders, families, etc., according to some common relations or attributes.
        • 1997: Chris Horrocks, Introducing Foucault, page 69 (Totem Books, Icon Books; ISBN 1840460865)
          I’m using mathesis — a universal science of measurement and order
          And there is also taxinomia a principle of and ordered tabulation.
          Knowledge replaced universal resemblance with finite differences. History was arrested and turned into tables …
          Western reason had entered the age of judgement.